What to give toddler with milk and soy allergy
Some infants own an allergy or intolerance to cow's milk, and it may be hard for parents to know which type of non-dairy milk is the best choice to replace it. One study found that almond milk may be the most appropriate substitute for infants. Babies with allergies to cows' milk who were given almond milk had better growth outcomes than infants who were given either a specialized non-dairy protein formula or a soy-based formula.
Soy Milk May Assist With Chronic Constipation
Chronic constipation can be an issue for some children, and one study found that soy milk may assist younger children who are facing this difficulty.
Although soy has been under scrutiny, for children with constipation under the age of 15 months, a soy-based formula has been associated with helping to relieve the condition. In contrast, cow's-milk based formula can make constipation worse for certain kids who struggle with regular constipation.
What Happens in a Milk Allergy?
When someone is allergic to milk, the body’s immune system, which normally fights infections, overreacts to proteins in the milk. Every time the person drinks or eats milk or other dairy products, the body thinks these proteins are harmful invaders and releases chemicals love .
This can cause symptoms such as:
- throat tightness
- itchy, watery, or swollen eyes
- trouble breathing
- a drop in blood pressure, causing lightheadedness or loss of consciousness
Allergic reactions to milk can differ. Sometimes the same person can react differently at diverse times. Milk allergy can cause a severe reaction called anaphylaxis, even if a previous reaction was mild. Anaphylaxis might start with some of the same symptoms as a less severe reaction, but can quickly get worse.
The person may own trouble breathing or pass out. More than one part of the body might be involved. If it isn’t treated, anaphylaxis can be life-threatening.
How Is an Allergic Reaction to Milk Treated?
If your kid has been diagnosed with a milk allergy (or any helpful of serious food allergy), hold two epinephrine auto-injectors available in case of an emergency.
An epinephrine auto-injector is a prescription medicine that comes in a little, easy-to-carry container.
It’s simple to use. Your doctor will show you how. Kids who are ancient enough can be taught how to give themselves the injection. If they carry the epinephrine, it should be nearby, not left in a locker or in the nurse’s office.
Every second counts in an allergic reaction. If your kid starts having serious allergic symptoms, love swelling of the mouth or throat or trouble breathing, give the epinephrine auto-injector correct away. Also give the epinephrine auto-injector correct away if your child’s symptoms involve two diverse parts of the body, love hives with vomiting. Then call 911 or take your kid to the emergency room.
Your kid needs to be under medical supervision because even if the worst seems to own passed, a second wave of serious symptoms can happen.
It’s also a excellent thought to carry an over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamine for your kid, as this can assist treat mild allergy symptoms. Use after — not as a replacement for — the epinephrine shot during life-threatening reactions.
Milk from other animals (such as sheep, goats, and buffalo) are not excellent alternatives for those with a cow’s milk allergy because the proteins are similar.
But numerous other milk-free alternatives are available, including ones that are fortified with calcium and vitamin D.
The allergist can tell you which milk substitute is best for your child.
A Expression From Verywell
We don't fully know every of the ways that non-dairy milk affects children's growth and development. For some families, cow's milk is simply not an option due to food allergies, while for other families, dietary preferences may limit the use of cow's milk. If you are limiting milk in your child's diet to strictly non-dairy options, speak to your child's pediatrician about the best ways to ensure your kid is getting the nutrition, especially calcium, that he or she needs through other sources in their diet.
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Morency, M-E., Birken, C.S, Lebovic, G., Chen, Y., L'Abbe, M., Lee, G.J., Maguire, J. (2017, June 7). Association Between Noncow Milk Beverage Consumption and Childhood Height. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 105(6). doi: 10.3945/ajcn.117.156877.
(1999). Soy Milk Decreased Chronic Constipation in Young Children. Evidence-Based Nursing, 2:76.
Salpietro, CD, Gangemi, S, Briuglia, S., Meo, A., Merlino, MV, Muscolino, G, Bisignano, G., Trombetta, D., Saija, A. (2005, August). The Almond Milk: A New Approach to the Management of Cow-Milk Allergy/Intolerance in Infants. Minerva Pediatrics. 57(4):173-80.
What Is Milk Allergy?
Milk allergy is the most common food allergy in young kids, affecting about 2%–3% of those younger than 3 years ancient. Numerous kids outgrow it, but some are allergic for a lifetime.
A milk allergy can cause a range of symptoms, from mild to severe.
Allergy to milk is sometimes confused with lactose intolerance.
Both can cause problems after drinking milk, but they are extremely diverse and unrelated. Lactose intolerance is annoying and can cause discomfort, but it is not life-threatening.
Milk allergy, though, can make someone suddenly and severely ill, and can be life-threatening. That’s why milk and other dairy products must be completely avoided if your kid has a milk allergy.
If you’re not certain if your kid has an intolerance or an allergy, speak with your doctor.
What Else Should I Know?
To prevent allergic reactions to milk, your kid must avoid any foods that contain milk, milk products, or milk proteins.
Read food labels to see if a food contains milk.
Milk may be found in unexpected places, such as processed meats, canned tuna, and baked goods, so it’s significant to read labels on every foods, even ones that are not dairy foods.
Makers of foods sold in the United States must state in understandable language whether foods contain any of the top eight most common allergens, including milk.
The label should list "milk" in the ingredient list or tell "Contains milk" after the list. For detailed information about foods to avoid, visit Food Allergy Research & Education (FARE).
Some foods glance OK from the ingredient list, but while being made they can come in contact with a food your kid is allergic to. This is called cross-contamination. Glance for advisory statements such as "May contain milk," "Processed in a facility that also processes milk," or "Manufactured on equipment also used for milk." These are cross-contamination warnings, but manufacturers are not required to list them.
You can contact the company directly to see if a product contains milk.
Check the company’s website for this information or email a company representative.
Food makers sometimes change ingredients, so always read the food labels.
Eating Away From Home
Cross-contamination can happen in restaurants when milk or milk products get into a food product. The staff might use the same surfaces and utensils (like knives, cutting boards, or pans) to prepare both dairy products and other foods. This is particularly common in fast-food restaurants, so some people discover it safer to avoid these restaurants altogether.
Buffet-style restaurants also pose a cross-contamination risk, with cheeses and salad dressings dripping over non-dairy food platters.
When eating at restaurants, it may be best to avoid fried foods or foods with batter on them. Even if the batter doesn’t contain milk products, the oil used to fry the foods might own been used to fry something else that contains milk.
When your kid eats in a restaurant or at a friend’s home, discover out how foods are cooked and exactly what’s in them. It can be hard to enquire a lot of questions about cooking methods, and to believe the information you get. If you can’t be certain that a food is milk-free, it’s best to bring safe food from home.
Also talk to the staff at school about cross-contamination risks for foods in the cafeteria.
It may be best to pack lunches at home so you can control what’s in them.
If your kid will be eating at a restaurant, take these precautions:
- Tell the restaurant wait staff that your kid has a milk allergy.
- Carry a personalized "chef card" for your kid, which can be given to the kitchen staff. The card details your child’s allergies for food preparers. Food allergy websites provide printable chef card forms in numerous diverse languages.
- Don’t eat at a restaurant if the manager or owner seems uncomfortable about your requests for a safe meal.
If your kid has an allergy to milk, you may own heard that numerous children outgrow these allergies.
When does this occur? And, importantly, is your kid truly allergic to milk in the first place?
Introducing foods that could trigger allergy
When you start introducing solid foods to your baby from around 6 months ancient, introduce the foods that can trigger allergic reactions one at a time and in extremely little amounts so that you can spot any reaction.
These foods are:
- foods that contain gluten, including wheat, barley and rye
- nuts and peanuts (serve them crushed or ground)
- eggs (eggs without a red lion stamp should not be eaten raw or lightly cooked)
- cows’ milk
- seeds (serve them crushed or ground)
- shellfish (don’t serve raw or lightly cooked)
See more about foods to avoid giving babies and young children.
These foods can be introduced from around 6 months as part of your baby’s diet, just love any other foods.
Once introduced and if tolerated, these foods should become part of your baby’s usual diet to minimise the risk of allergy.
Evidence has shown that delaying the introduction of peanut and hen’s eggs beyond 6 to 12 months may increase the risk of developing an allergy to these foods.
Lots of children outgrow their allergies to milk or eggs, but a peanut allergy is generally lifelong.
If your kid has a food allergy, read food labels carefully.
Avoid foods if you are not certain whether they contain the food your kid is allergic to.
Non-Dairy Milk May Affect Growth
A 2017 study by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found that lower heights were observed in children who did not drink dairy cow's milk.
Researchers examined 5,034 healthy children in Canada who were between the ages of 24 and 72 months and compared children who regularly drank cow's milk with those who did not. They found that there was a correlation between lower height and non-cow's milk. For every daily cup of non-cow's milk, children were, on average, 0.4 centimeters shorter. As an example, a 3-year-old who drank 3 cups of cow's milk was 1.5 centimeters taller than a kid who drank 3 daily cups of non-cow's milk.
Of course, this study can only show that there is potentially an association between growth and development and the drinking of non-cow's milk, not necessarily that drinking non-dairy milk causes a shorter height.
There could be plenty of other factors contributing to the growth difference, which researchers are still looking into in search of more conclusive evidence.
How will I know if my kid has a food allergy?
An allergic reaction can consist of 1 or more of the following:
- wheezing and shortness of breath
- itchy throat and tongue
- swollen lips and throat
- a cough
- diarrhoea or vomiting
- itchy skin or rash
- runny or blocked nose
- sore, red and itchy eyes
In a few cases, foods can cause a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) that can be life-threatening.
Get medical advice if you ponder your kid is having an allergic reaction to a specific food.
Don’t be tempted to experiment by cutting out a major food, such as milk, because this could lead to your kid not getting the nutrients they need. Talk to your health visitor or GP, who may refer you to a registered dietitian.
Food additives and children
Food contains additives for numerous reasons, such as to preserve it, to help make it safe to eat for longer, and to give colour or texture.
All food additives go through strict safety testing before they can be used. Food labelling must clearly show additives in the list of ingredients, including their name or «E» number and their function, such as «colour» or «preservative».
A few people own adverse reactions to some food additives, love sulphites, but reactions to ordinary foods, such as milk or soya, are much more common.
Read more about food colours and hyperactivity.
Sheet final reviewed: 24 July 2018
Next review due: 24 July 2021
Having a glass of milk with every meal used to be a childhood staple. Milk was encouraged for healthy bones, teeth, and growth, and numerous adults remember their parents encouraging them to drink their milk at dinner time as part of a balanced diet.
But cow's milk has fallen in popularity lately, as more families are leading dairy-free lifestyles, either because of personal preference—such as a vegan diet—or as a result of food allergies.
The "old-school" way of parenting might own included offering babies either breast milk or formula up until around the age of 1. At that point, it would be common for whole cow's milk to be introduced as the main drink for your toddler.
Now, however, some babies may never own cow's milk, and some babies own dairy-free formula correct from infancy. There are now more dairy-free milk options than ever before on the market, including options love almond milk, soy milk, and coconut milk.
And as more children grow up with non-dairy milks as part of their diets, doctors are looking at how non-dairy milk may affect children's growth and development. Studies are still emerging about the long-term effects of non-dairy milk, but so far, here are a few findings that can give us some insight into how non-dairy milk may affect a child's growth and development.