What to give one year old with milk allergy
Treatment depends on the extent of your child’s intolerance. Some children with lactose intolerance may be capable to own little amounts of dairy products without having symptoms.
Your kid may be referred to a dietitian for specialist advice.
Read more about treatment for lactose intolerance in children.
Outgrowing a Food Allergy to Milk — How Common and What Age?
Cow’s milk allergy is the most common food allergy occurring in young children, affecting between 2 and 7.5% of kids under age one. Previous studies own shown that most children will outgrow milk allergy by three to five years of age. That means that a significant proportion of children will continue to be allergic to milk, at least until their adolescent or teenager years, and may never outgrow their milk allergy.
More recent information suggests that the number of children who do not outgrow their milk allergy is even higher.
Treatment for CMA
If your baby is diagnosed with CMA, you’ll be offered advice by your GP or an allergy specialist on how to manage their allergy.
You may also be referred to a dietitian.
Treatment involves removing every cows’ milk from your child’s diet for a period of time.
If your baby is formula-fed, your GP can prescribe special baby formula.
Do not give your kid any other type of milk without first getting medical advice.
If your baby is exclusively breastfed, the mom will be advised to avoid every cows’ milk products.
Your kid should be assessed every 6 to 12 months to see if they own grown out of their allergy.
Read more about cows’ milk allergy.
Sheet final reviewed: 12 July 2019
Next review due: 12 July 2022
What Else Should I Know?
To prevent allergic reactions to milk, your kid must avoid any foods that contain milk, milk products, or milk proteins.
Read food labels to see if a food contains milk.
Milk may be found in unexpected places, such as processed meats, canned tuna, and baked goods, so it’s significant to read labels on every foods, even ones that are not dairy foods.
Makers of foods sold in the United States must state in understandable language whether foods contain any of the top eight most common allergens, including milk. The label should list "milk" in the ingredient list or tell "Contains milk" after the list. For detailed information about foods to avoid, visit Food Allergy Research & Education (FARE).
Some foods glance OK from the ingredient list, but while being made they can come in contact with a food your kid is allergic to.
This is called cross-contamination. Glance for advisory statements such as "May contain milk," "Processed in a facility that also processes milk," or "Manufactured on equipment also used for milk." These are cross-contamination warnings, but manufacturers are not required to list them.
You can contact the company directly to see if a product contains milk. Check the company’s website for this information or email a company representative.
Food makers sometimes change ingredients, so always read the food labels.
Milk from other animals (such as sheep, goats, and buffalo) are not excellent alternatives for those with a cow’s milk allergy because the proteins are similar.
But numerous other milk-free alternatives are available, including ones that are fortified with calcium and vitamin D.
The allergist can tell you which milk substitute is best for your child.
Sheet final reviewed: 12 July 2019
Next review due: 12 July 2022
What Is Milk Allergy?
Milk allergy is the most common food allergy in young kids, affecting about 2%–3% of those younger than 3 years ancient. Numerous kids outgrow it, but some are allergic for a lifetime.
A milk allergy can cause a range of symptoms, from mild to severe.
Allergy to milk is sometimes confused with lactose intolerance. Both can cause problems after drinking milk, but they are extremely diverse and unrelated.
Lactose intolerance is annoying and can cause discomfort, but it is not life-threatening. Milk allergy, though, can make someone suddenly and severely ill, and can be life-threatening.
That’s why milk and other dairy products must be completely avoided if your kid has a milk allergy.
If you’re not certain if your kid has an intolerance or an allergy, speak with your doctor.
How Is an Allergic Reaction to Milk Treated?
If your kid has been diagnosed with a milk allergy (or any helpful of serious food allergy), hold two epinephrine auto-injectors available in case of an emergency.
An epinephrine auto-injector is a prescription medicine that comes in a little, easy-to-carry container.
It’s simple to use. Your doctor will show you how. Kids who are ancient enough can be taught how to give themselves the injection.
If they carry the epinephrine, it should be nearby, not left in a locker or in the nurse’s office.
Every second counts in an allergic reaction. If your kid starts having serious allergic symptoms, love swelling of the mouth or throat or trouble breathing, give the epinephrine auto-injector correct away. Also give the epinephrine auto-injector correct away if your child’s symptoms involve two diverse parts of the body, love hives with vomiting. Then call 911 or take your kid to the emergency room.
Your kid needs to be under medical supervision because even if the worst seems to own passed, a second wave of serious symptoms can happen.
It’s also a excellent thought to carry an over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamine for your kid, as this can assist treat mild allergy symptoms. Use after — not as a replacement for — the epinephrine shot during life-threatening reactions.
What Happens in a Milk Allergy?
When someone is allergic to milk, the body’s immune system, which normally fights infections, overreacts to proteins in the milk. Every time the person drinks or eats milk or other dairy products, the body thinks these proteins are harmful invaders and releases chemicals love .
This can cause symptoms such as:
- itchy, watery, or swollen eyes
- trouble breathing
- throat tightness
- a drop in blood pressure, causing lightheadedness or loss of consciousness
Allergic reactions to milk can differ. Sometimes the same person can react differently at diverse times.
Milk allergy can cause a severe reaction called anaphylaxis, even if a previous reaction was mild. Anaphylaxis might start with some of the same symptoms as a less severe reaction, but can quickly get worse. The person may own trouble breathing or pass out.
More than one part of the body might be involved. If it isn’t treated, anaphylaxis can be life-threatening.
Eating Away From Home
Cross-contamination can happen in restaurants when milk or milk products get into a food product. The staff might use the same surfaces and utensils (like knives, cutting boards, or pans) to prepare both dairy products and other foods. This is particularly common in fast-food restaurants, so some people discover it safer to avoid these restaurants altogether.
Buffet-style restaurants also pose a cross-contamination risk, with cheeses and salad dressings dripping over non-dairy food platters.
When eating at restaurants, it may be best to avoid fried foods or foods with batter on them.
Even if the batter doesn’t contain milk products, the oil used to fry the foods might own been used to fry something else that contains milk.
When your kid eats in a restaurant or at a friend’s home, discover out how foods are cooked and exactly what’s in them. It can be hard to enquire a lot of questions about cooking methods, and to believe the information you get. If you can’t be certain that a food is milk-free, it’s best to bring safe food from home.
Also talk to the staff at school about cross-contamination risks for foods in the cafeteria. It may be best to pack lunches at home so you can control what’s in them.
If your kid will be eating at a restaurant, take these precautions:
- Carry a personalized "chef card" for your kid, which can be given to the kitchen staff.
The card details your child’s allergies for food preparers. Food allergy websites provide printable chef card forms in numerous diverse languages.
- Tell the restaurant wait staff that your kid has a milk allergy.
- Don’t eat at a restaurant if the manager or owner seems uncomfortable about your requests for a safe meal.
If your kid has an allergy to milk, you may own heard that numerous children outgrow these allergies. When does this occur? And, importantly, is your kid truly allergic to milk in the first place?
Could it be lactose intolerance?
Lactose intolerance is another type of reaction to milk, when the body cannot digest lactose, a natural sugar found in milk.
However, this is not an allergy.
Lactose intolerance can be temporary – for example, it can come on for a few days or weeks after a tummy bug.
Symptoms of lactose intolerance include:
- stomach rumbling and pains
Cows’ milk allergy in babies
Cows’ milk allergy (CMA), also called cows’ milk protein allergy, is one of the most common childhood food allergies. It is estimated to affect around 7% of babies under 1, though most children grow out of it by the age of 5.
CMA typically develops when cows’ milk is first introduced into your baby’s diet either in formula or when your baby starts eating solids.
More rarely, it can affect babies who are exclusively breastfed because of cows’ milk from the mother’s diet passing to the baby through breast milk.
There are 2 main types of CMA:
- immediate CMA – where symptoms typically start within minutes of having cows’ milk
- delayed CMA – where symptoms typically start several hours, or even days, after having cows’ milk
Symptoms of cows’ milk allergy
Cows’ milk allergy can cause a wide range of symptoms, including:
- hay fever-like symptoms – such as a runny or blocked nose
- digestive problems – such as stomach ache, vomiting, colic, diarrhoea or constipation
- skin reactions – such as a red itchy rash or swelling of the lips, face and around the eyes
- eczema that does not improve with treatment
Occasionally CMA can cause severe allergic symptoms that come on suddenly, such as swelling in the mouth or throat, wheezing, cough, shortness of breath, and difficult, noisy breathing.
A severe allergic reaction, or anaphylaxis, is a medical emergency – call 999 or go immediately to your local hospital A&E department.