What to feed one year old with milk allergy
If your baby is lactose-intolerant, you don’t need to change your diet. It doesn’t matter how much dairy you consume, the quantity of lactose in your milk will be the same.
However, if your baby is diagnosed with milk allergy, you will need to remove every dairy from your own diet too. You will need calcium and vitamin D supplements every day. Your doctor or allergy specialist will advise you.
Possible signs of food allergy
A little percentage of breastfeeding mothers notice an obvious difference in their baby’s behavior and/or health when they eat certain foods.
Cow’s milk products are the most common problem foods and the only foods conclusively linked by research to fussiness/gassiness in babies, but some babies do react to other foods. Food sensitivities in breastfed babies are not almost as common as numerous breastfeeding mothers own been led to ponder, however.
If a breastfed baby is sensitive to a specific food, then he may be fussy after feedings, weep inconsolably for endless periods, or sleep little and wake suddenly with obvious discomfort. There may be a family history of allergies. Other signs of a food allergy may include: rash, hives, eczema, sore bottom, dry skin; wheezing or asthma; congestion or cold-like symptoms; red, itchy eyes; ear infections; irritability, fussiness, colic; intestinal upsets, vomiting, constipation and/or diarrhea, or green stools with mucus or blood.
The severity of a food reaction is generally related to the degree of baby’s sensitivity and to the quantity of the problem food that mom ate—the more food eaten and the greater baby’s sensitivity, the more severe the reaction.
Food reactions may happen within minutes, but symptoms in breastfed babies more commonly show up 4-24 hours after exposure.
If baby has an acute reaction to a new food, or to a food that mom ate a large quantity of, then he will probably be back to normal within a couple of hours. If baby is sensitive to a food that mom eats frequently, symptoms may be ongoing.
Normal Baby Fussiness
Most baby fussiness is normal for a young baby, and is not related to foods in mom’s diet. If your baby is sensitive to something you are eating, you will most likely notice other symptoms in addition to fussiness, such as excessive spitting up or vomiting, colic, rash or persistent congestion.
Fussiness that is not accompanied by other symptoms and calms with more frequent nursing is probably not food-related.
Read more here about normal baby fussiness.
What is milk intolerance and milk allergy?
Around 1 in 10 young children has a reaction when they drink cow’s milk. This could be because they own a lactose intolerance or a milk allergy. Milk allergy is more common than lactose intolerance in children under 5.
Lactose intolerance is a problem with the digestive system – it means your kid doesn’t own the enzyme needed to digest lactose, which is the sugar in milk.
Milk allergy, however, is a problem with the immune system — the body reacts to the protein in milk.
An allergy generally involves other parts of the body as well as the stomach, and may cause symptoms such as a skin rash or swelling of the face.
Your doctor can confirm whether your kid is lactose-intolerant or has a milk allergy by doing some medical tests. Don’t use unproven tests such as Vega, kinesiology, Alcat or allergy elimination tests for children. A milk intolerance is unlikely to be the cause of mucus or coughing.
Many young children grow out of their intolerance or allergy.
But don’t start giving them cow’s milk until your doctor tells you it’s safe to do so.
Where to seek more help
Don’t attempt to deal with milk intolerance yourself. You can get assist from:
How closely do I need to watch what I eat?
Most babies own no problems with anything that mom eats. It’s generally recommended that you eat whatever you love, whenever you love, in the amounts that you love and continue to do this unless you notice an obvious reaction in your baby.
There is no list of “foods that every nursing mom should avoid” because most nursing mothers can eat anything they desire, and because the babies who are sensitive to certain foods are each unique – what bothers one may not annoy another.
Symptoms and diagnosis
The symptoms of lactose intolerance in babies and children are:
All of these symptoms are common in babies and don’t necessarily mean they own lactose intolerance.
But if your kid has diarrhoea and isn’t putting on weight, see your doctor. Don’t stop breastfeeding unless your doctor tells you to.
Tests include a breath test to measure the hydrogen in your child’s breath, or cutting out dairy to see if their symptoms improve. This is known as an elimination diet.
Lactose is the sugar found in the milk produced by every mammals, including humans. Sometimes people don’t produce enough of the enzyme lactase in their gut to break below the lactose.
Very few babies own true lactose intolerance, a rare genetic condition where they’re born without any lactase enzymes at every.
(This is called primary lactose intolerance). However, numerous people develop lactose intolerance later in life, after the age of 5. It is more common in Aboriginal Australians and people from Asia, Africa, the Middle East and some Mediterranean countries.
Babies and young children can become intolerant to milk if the lining of their gut is damaged by an illness such as gastroenteritis, or an allergy or intolerance to another food. This is called secondary lactose intolerance and will go away once the gut heals.
If the lactose intolerance is caused by a tummy upset, hold on breastfeeding. If your baby is formula fed, talk to your doctor or kid and family health nurse before switching to low-lactose or lactose-free formula.
Older children will need to cut below on, but not eliminate, dairy foods from their diet. They can still own some cheeses, yogurt, calcium-fortified soy products, lactose-free milk, butter and cream.
Your doctor or a dietitian will advise you on the best diet for your kid.
Cow’s milk allergy
Cow’s milk allergy is one of the most common food allergies in young children. It generally disappears by the time they reach school age. It occurs when your child’s immune system reacts to the protein in milk.
Symptoms and diagnosis
Reactions to milk can happen within minutes or not for several days.
Rapid reactions include:
- a swollen tongue
- a hoarse voice
- hives (urticaria)
- stomach pain
- swelling of the lips, face or eyes
- a swollen or tight throat
- noisy breathing or wheezing
- change in consciousness or floppiness in babies or young children
Delayed reactions include:
- blood or mucus in stools
- an increase in eczema
- vomiting and/or diarrhoea 2-24 hours after having milk
It is extremely significant to see a doctor if your kid has the symptoms of milk allergy.
The condition is diagnosed using the history of symptoms or can sometimes be confirmed with an allergy test.
If your kid is allergic to milk, you need to completely remove dairy products from their diet. Follow your doctor’s or allergy specialist’s advice and read food labels carefully. You may also need to avoid milk from other animals, such as goats, as well as coconut milk products. Watch out for other words used to describe milk on food labels, such as butter, buttermilk, cream, curd, ghee, milk, cheese, dairy, milk solids, whey, yoghurt, casein and caseinates.
If your baby is formula-fed, you can use soy protein formula (unless they are also allergic to soy), extensively hydrolysed formula (EHF) or amino acid-based formula (AAF). Do not use formula made from cow’s milk, goat’s milk, sheep milk, HA, A2 milk or lactose-free.
If your kid is over the age of one, they can be given soy milk, calcium-enriched rice, and oat or nut milks.
It is significant to make certain they are getting enough calcium.
You may be advised to carry an Epipen adrenaline autoinjector if your kid is allergic to milk. Severe allergic reactions can sometimes lead to anaphylaxis, which is serious and can even be fatal.
An adrenaline autoinjector can be used to give first aid in the event of anaphylaxis.