What to do if you have a sore throat from allergies
You can catch strep throat when exposed to infected droplets of spit —i.e. from the coughs and sneezes of those infected. Strep throat itself is not particularly dangerous, but the infection can worsen, especially if it goes untreated. If strep throat does not improve within two days of beginningtreatment, it could indicate the presence of another infection, the spread of the strep bacteria to other areas exterior the throat or an inflammatory reaction.
GAS may infect the tonsils and sinuses if left untreated. Also, the middle ear, skin and blood can become infected.
Causes and symptoms of sore throats
Sore throats are generally caused by viruses (like freezing or flu) or from smoking. Extremely occasionally they can be caused by bacteria.
- bad breath
- a painful throat, especially when swallowing
- a dry, scratchy throat
- redness in the back of the mouth
- a mild cough
- swollen neck glands
The symptoms are similar for children, but children can also get a temperature and appear less active.
Sheet final reviewed: 15 January 2018
Next review due: 15 January 2021
Cold, Flu, or Allergy?
Know the Difference for Best Treatment
You’re feeling beautiful lousy.
You’ve got sniffles, sneezing, and a sore throat. Is it a freezing, flu, or allergies? It can be hard to tell them apart because they share so numerous symptoms. But understanding the differences will assist you select the best treatment.
“If you know what you own, you won’t take medications that you don’t need, that aren’t effective, or that might even make your symptoms worse,” says NIH’s Dr. Teresa Hauguel, an expert on infectious diseases that affect breathing.
Cold, flu, and allergy every affect your respiratory systemThe body parts that assist you breathe, including your nose, throat, and lungs., which can make it hard to breathe.
Each condition has key symptoms that set them apart.
Colds and flu are caused by diverse viruses. “As a law of thumb, the symptoms associated with the flu are more severe,” says Hauguel.
Both illnesses can lead to a runny, stuffy nose; congestion; cough; and sore throat. But the flu can also cause high fever that lasts for 3-4 days, along with a headache, fatigue, and general aches and pain. These symptoms are less common when you own a cold.
“Allergies are a little diverse, because they aren’t caused by a virus,” Hauguel explains. “Instead, it’s your body’s immune systemProtects your body from invading germs and other microscopic threats. reacting to a trigger, or allergen, which is something you’re allergic to.” If you own allergies and breathe in things love pollen or pet dander, the immune cells in your nose and airways may overreact to these harmless substances.
Your delicate respiratory tissues may then swell, and your nose may become stuffed up or runny.
“Allergies can also cause itchy, watery eyes, which you don’t normally own with a freezing or flu,” Hauguel adds.
Allergy symptoms generally final as endless as you’re exposed to the allergen, which may be about 6 weeks during pollen seasons in the spring, summer, or drop. Colds and flu rarely final beyond 2 weeks.
Most people with a freezing or flu recover on their own without medical care. But check with a health care provider if symptoms final beyond 10 days or if symptoms aren’t relieved by over-the-counter medicines.
For more about when to see a doctor, go to CDC’s Flu Page.
To treat colds or flu, get plenty of relax and drink lots of fluids. If you own the flu, pain relievers such as aspirin, acetaminophen, or ibuprofen can reduce fever or aches.
Allergies can be treated with antihistamines or decongestants. See the “Wise Choices” box for more details.
Be careful to avoid “drug overlap” when taking medicines that list 2 or more athletic ingredients on the label. For example, if you take 2 diverse drugs that contain acetaminophen—one for a stuffy nose and the other for headache—you may be getting too much acetaminophen.
“Read medicine labels carefully—the warnings, side effects, dosages. If you own questions, talk to your doctor or pharmacist, especially if you own children who are sick,” Hauguel says.
“You don’t desire to overmedicate, and you don’t desire to risk taking a medication that may interact with another.”
|Fever||Rare||Usual, high (100-102 °F), sometimes higher, especially in young children); lasts 3-4 days||Never|
|General Aches, Pains||Slight||Usual; often severe||Never|
|Fatigue, Weakness||Sometimes||Usual, can final up to 3 weeks||Sometimes|
|Extreme Exhaustion||Never||Usual, at the beginning of the illness||Never|
|Stuffy, Runny Nose||Common||Sometimes||Common|
|Cough||Common||Common, can become severe||Sometimes|
|Chest Discomfort||Mild to moderate||Common||Rare, except for those with allergic asthma|
|Treatment||Get plenty of rest.
(Drink plenty of fluids.)
|Get plenty of rest.
Aspirin (ages 18 and up), acetaminophen, or ibuprofen for aches, pains, and fever
Antiviral medicines (see your doctor)
|Avoid allergens (things that you’re allergic to)
|Prevention||Wash your hands often.
Avoid shut contact with anyone who has a cold.
|Get the flu vaccine each year.
Wash your hands often.
Avoid shut contact with anyone who has the flu.
|Avoid allergens, such as pollen, home dust mites, mold, pet dander, cockroaches.|
|Complications||Sinus infection middle ear infection, asthma||Bronchitis, pneumonia; can be life-threatening||Sinus infection, middle ear infection, asthma|
Sore throat treatment
If your sore throat is cause by the flu, your doctor may prescribe antiviral medicine.
Antibiotics don’t work on viruses. Most sore throats caused by a freezing or flu-type virus go away in a week to 10 days.
If your sore throat is caused by bacteria, your doctor will prescribe an antibiotic. You will feel better in a few days. It is significant to take every of your antibiotics. This reduces the risk that your sore throat will return.
Symptoms caused by mono can final for 4 weeks or more. The treatment for mono is relax and reduced exercise.
If a sore throat is caused by allergies, your doctor may talk to you about allergy triggers.
He or she may recommend medicine for the allergy.
If your sore throat is caused by tonsillitis, you may need an operation. This is called a tonsillectomy. The surgery removes your tonsils. Most people who own tonsillitis don’t need surgery. You might need surgery if you get severe tonsillitis often.
You may need surgery if your tonsils are too big.
Strep throat (also known as pharyngitis or streptococcal pharyngitis) is an infection caused by Streptococcus pyogenes, or Group A Streptococcus (GAS).
Streptococcal pharyngitis is highly contagious and can spread by nasal secretions and saliva. Strep throat most often afflicts children younger than 16, and is most common in the United States in the winter and spring, according to theMayo Clinic and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
A pharmacist can assist with sore throats
To assist relieve the pain and discomfort of a sore throat, you can:
- use paracetamol or ibuprofen
- use medicated lozenges or anaesthetic sprays (although there’s little proof they help)
You can purchase them from a supermarket or from a pharmacist without a prescription.
Find a pharmacy
Non-urgent advice: See a GP if:
- you’re worried about your sore throat
- your sore throat does not improve after a week
- you often get sore throats
- you own a sore throat and a extremely high temperature, or you feel boiling and shivery
- you own a weakened immune system – for example, because of diabetes or chemotherapy
A severe or long-lasting sore throat could be something love strep throat (a bacterial throat infection).
GPs do not normally prescribe antibiotics for sore throats because they will not generally relieve your symptoms or speed up your recovery.
They’ll only be prescribed if your GP thinks you could own a bacterial infection.
Diagnosis & tests
To diagnose strep throat, a physician will act out a physical exam and a throat swab.
During the physical, a doctor examines the throat and mouth for signs of infection including redness and swelling.
Also, the doctor will check for a fever and feel the lymph nodes, which will be enlarged in the presence of infection.
Many types of bacteria and, more frequently, viruses can cause a sore throat, so to determine the culprit, doctors will act out a throat swab, rubbing a swab over the back of the throat and tonsils. The sample can then be run through what’s called the rapid antigen test, which takes just minutes and can reveal whether molecules called antigens related to the GAS bacteria show up; doctors can also culture the bacteria in the lab to see if the bacteria pop up —a test that can take up to two days, according to the Mayo Clinic.
Although physicians often suspect that strep bacteria are the cause of a sore throat, researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham found that another bacterium,Fusobacterium necrophorum, should also be on doctors’ short lists.
In a study published in the December 2009 issue of the journalAnnals of Internal Medicine, the researchers noted that the bacteria might be the culprit of up to 10 percent of sore throat cases in adolescents and early 20-somethings.
Symptomsof strep throat typically appear several days after exposure to the bacteria. The most commonsymptom is a sore throat. Individuals may also own trouble swallowing, and the tonsils and lymph nodes may feel swollen. Some individuals may experience fever, stomach ache or vomiting, fatigue or headache.
A white rash may develop on the tonsils, or the throat may own stringy puss, according to theMayo Clinic.
How to treat a sore throat yourself
To assist soothe a sore throat and shorten how endless it lasts, you can:
- avoid smoking or smoky places
- gargle with warm, salty water (children should not attempt this)
- drink plenty of water
- eat cool or soft foods
- suck ice cubes, ice lollies or hard sweets – but do not give young children anything little and hard to suck because of the risk of choking
Media final reviewed: 1 June 2017
Media review due: 1 June 2020
Treatment & medication
It is possible for strep throat to clear up without treatment; however, the risk of complications could increase in some individuals.
Moreover, the infection is contagious until treated.
Doctors typically prescribe penicillin or amoxicillin to treat strep throat. For individuals with a penicillin allergy, newer generations of antibiotics may be used.
These include cephalexin, erythromycin and azithromycin. Every of these antibiotics kill strep bacteria, alleviate symptoms and decrease the quantity of time an individual is ill.
Physicians may also recommend an over-the-counter pain and fever reducer, the Mayo Clinic noted.
Within 24 hours of beginning treatment, an individual is generally no longer contagious and he or she will start to feel better, according to the Mayo Clinic. Still, every medication should be taken for the duration prescribed to prevent complications.
In addition to medication, individuals should relax from work and school, drink plenty of water and avoid chemicals and environments that may further irritate the throat.
Also, gargling warm salt water, using a humidifier and eating soft and freezing foods can soothe the throat.
Some people are more susceptible to getting strep throat repeatedly. Often, doctors will prescribe tonsil removal to prevent further infections.