What to do about swollen eyes from allergy
Many people may develop “puffy” eyes and ponder, at first, that their eyelids are swollen. There are some differences between puffy and swollen that are significant to hold in mind, however.
Puffy eyes may be inherited, caused by a lack of sleep, or due to crying. Stress, fatigue, and allergies may every contribute to puffy eyes, which can obstruct your vision and become uncomfortable.
Puffy eyes typically do not own other symptoms associated with them, however, and they can be safely treated at home.
You may go for a “spa treatment” and put cucumber slices over your eyes; you may use a little quantity of Preparation H to reduce swelling; or you could take an antihistamine, which will reduce inflammation every over your body. These at-home treatments for puffiness are safe and effective in the short term.
There are numerous common causes of puffy eyes.
- Eating too much salt, leading to fluid retention
- Inherited factors
- Irritation around the eyes from cosmetics
- Allergies that lead to inflammation
- Sinus problems or infection
Puffiness typically goes away on its own and does not own other symptoms associated with it.
Swelling in the eyelids, however, can indicate a diverse underlying condition or a more serious problem with your health.
Understanding the diverse potential causes of swollen eyes, and the symptoms associated with them, can assist you determine when to see a doctor for medical treatment.
See Your Pharmacist or Medical Professional
- if you own a freezing sore, herpes or shingles
- if your eyes are painful, sensitive to light, you see colour around lights, or your sight is affected
- if you own other medical conditions or use other medicines
- if you own allergies to any medicines
- if you own significant swelling of the eyes
- if only one eye is affected
- if you own strangely shaped pupils or cloudy eyes
- if you are pregnant or breastfeeding; some medicines may not be suitable
- if the person with the eye problem is a baby, young kid, or elderly
- if you own had the problem before
- if you own other symptoms, such as headache, vomiting or a rash
- if you ponder the problem was caused by something stuck in your eye
- if your eyes do not reply to treatment, or do not improve in 2 days
- if your eyes own a discharge, such as pus
- if you wear contact lenses
- if you are using more than one type of eye drops, leave 10 minutes between applications
- do not wear contact lenses if you own an eye infection, such as conjunctivitis
- protect your eyes from wind and sun by wearing sunglasses
- some eye drops can cause temporary stinging, if this continues, talk to your pharmacist
- do not wear contact lenses with some eye drops; check with your pharmacist
- throw eye drop bottles away one month after opening; mark the date you open them on the bottle (check product details as some eye drops can only be used for shorter periods)
- simple analgesics such as paracetamol may help in relieving the pain associated with viral conjunctivitis
Tips for applying eye drops
- close your eye and press gently over the corner, near your nose, to stop the drops draining through your tear duct
- always wash your hands first
- apply only one drop at a time into the affected eye(s) unless the first drop was incorrectly istered
- wait 10 minutes before adding other eye products
- pull your lower eyelid below gently with your index finger to form a pocket; tilt your head back slightly and glance up
- hold the bottle between your thumb and index finger and squeeze gently to release one drop into your eye pocket
- do not touch your eye with the dropper tip
- try not to blink straightaway, as this draws eye drops into the tear duct and out of the eye
- use eye drops before eye ointment
Tips for applying eye ointment
- apply a little blob of ointment into your lower eyelid pocket
- hold the tube between your thumb and index finger and relax your hand against the base of your nose, to position the tube tip
- do not touch the eye with the tube tip
Get Assist From Medical Professionals for Serious Issues With Swollen Eyelids
Infections and inflammation can lead to damage to your eyes and even cause blindness when untreated.
Often, swelling that does not go away indicates an underlying medical condition that requires more intensive treatment.
Allergic conjunctivitis is generally caused by triggers, such as pollen, dust mites, pet dander (hair and dead skin cells from animals), cosmetics or preservatives in eye drops.
- watery eyes
- itchy, burning, sore, red eyes with puffy eyelids
- sensitivity to light
- dark pouches under eyes
- other symptoms of allergy, such as sneezing and a blocked or runny nose
Swollen Eyelids: Causes and Treatment. (August 2017). Every About Vision.
Some Causes and Features of Eyelid Swelling. Merck Manual, Consumer Version.
How to Get Rid of Puffy Eyes and Dark Circles.
(February 2018). Every About Vision.
Twelve Causes and Treatments of a Swollen Eyelid. (July 4, 2017). Medical News Today.
Top Causes of Swollen Eyelids. (December 1, 2018). Verywell Health.
Whether you're out in the unused spring air or cleaning your dusty basement, allergens run amok throughout the year. They trigger allergy symptoms love coughing, sneezing, stuffy and runny nose — and swollen eyes. Allergies can cause the eyes to swell and become red, itchy, watery, and really uncomfortable.
"The reason people own swollen eyes … from allergies is they're getting contact in the eyes from airborne allergens," says Princess Ogbogu, MD, assistant professor at The Ohio State University College of Medicine in the division of pulmonary, allergy, critical care, and sleep medicine.
"Basically, what happens is that when the allergens hit your eyes, they sort of dissolve in your tears," says Dr.
Ogbogu. "They own contact with the lining of the eye [the conjunctiva], and they react with antibodies that are bound to cells in your eyes," she says. These antibodies cause the body to release histamine — which also causes nasal congestion that often accompanies swollen eyes.
The allergens doing this damage include outdoor allergens love pollen and molds and indoor allergens such as cat and dog allergens, and indoor molds.
Redness and inflammation of the eye has been reported as being the most common eye problem in Australia.
A major cause of eye problems is conjunctivitis, which is an inflammation of the ‘conjunctiva’ (the thin clear tissue that lines that inner eyelids and covers the white part of the eyeball).
There are 3 main types of conjunctivitis: allergic, bacterial and viral. They can be hard to tell apart, and each is treated differently. Irritant conjunctivitis can also happen due to dryness and/or foreign matter in the eye. Always seek medical advice if you own red or painful eyes, loss of vision, irregular shaped pupils or there is unusual discharge.
Bacterial conjunctivitis is caused by bacteria and is extremely contagious, commonly infecting other family members.
Symptoms, which may start suddenly and may affect one eye before the other, include:
- red, burning, sore or gritty eyes with puffy eyelids
- swelling of the eyelid
- eyelids may be stuck together when you wake up, or there may be yellow discharge coming from your eyes.
- there are generally no other symptoms associated with bacterial conjunctivitis
Viral conjunctivitis is caused by a virus and is contagious. Sometimes it is accompanied by freezing or flu symptoms. Symptoms include:
- itchy and swollen eyes
- red, sore, watery or gritty eyes
- crusty eyelids
What Causes Swollen Eyelids?
Swelling on eyelids can own several potential causes, which may own other symptoms, depending on how serious the condition is. By themselves, swollen eyelids may be a temporary condition. They can feel uncomfortable or irritating, but they will go away on their own.
Your eyelids may swell when there is inflamed tissue or excessive fluid (edema) around the connective tissues of the eye near the eyeball. The experience may be painful, boiling, itchy, or uncomfortable, or it may simply glance odd.
Aside from enlarged tissues around your eyes and difficulty moving your eyelids, symptoms associated with swollen eyes include:
- Redness on the skin of the eyelid.
- Itching or scratchy sensations in or around your eyes.
- Dryness or flaking skin on or around the eyelid.
- Discharge from the eye.
- Sensitivity to light.
- Watery eyes.
- Redness in the whites of the eyes.
- Obstructed vision.
- Pain or feeling boiling (symptoms of infection).
Common Causes of Swollen Eyelids
Nearly everyone experiences swollen eyelids at some point in their lives, typically from irritation, infection, or allergies.
However, there are other common conditions that may be more serious, which require an eye exam for an appropriate diagnosis rather than home treatment.
- Chalazion: This is the enlargement of an oil gland inside your eyelid, and it typically affects only one eye at a time.
You will develop an enlarged, red, sore area that will glance love a little mound. Pain will go away first, followed by decreased swelling. A doctor’s examination is required for treatment because it will not go away on its own.
- Contact allergy: Getting a particle of dust, pollen, or pet dander in your eye can cause a little quantity of irritation, which may lead to swelling. If you do not own an overall allergic reaction, swelling and itching will go away on their own. You may benefit from taking an antihistamine to control the inflammation.If swelling does not go away on its own after one or two days, see a doctor.
Some of the tissues in or around your eye may own an infection.
- Stye: The medical term for a stye is hordeolum, and this typically is a red, inflamed, painful area in one eyelid. Eventually, the swelling will even out, sometimes with little, raised, pus-filled bumps.
Visit a doctor for treatment recommendations if it doesn’t clear in a couple days.
- Conjunctivitis: More commonly known as pink eye, this is an infection characterized by redness, discharge, and sometimes crust on the eyelashes. It can affect one or both eyes, and it may glance love an allergic reaction at first.
Symptoms will get worse, not better, so see a doctor for medicated eye drops and stop wearing your contact lenses immediately.
- Widespread allergy: If you struggle with allergies to plants, animals, or dust, you may frequently develop puffy, swollen, red, watery, itchy, or dry eyes. Antihistamines or anti-inflammatory medications can reduce some of these symptoms. If you own severe allergies, working with a doctor to manage prescription medications will reduce eye swelling since it is a symptom of your allergies.
- Eye irritation: Getting a particle of makeup or dirt in your eye can temporarily irritate your orbital socket and cause a little quantity of puffiness or swelling.
Remove contact lenses if you are wearing them, and gently wash your eye out with water or eye drops. Do not put contact lenses back in until swelling has gone away.
- Blepharitis: This may be an infection of the tissues around the eye, or it could be associated with the herpes simplex virus.
Along with eyelid swelling, you may notice yellow crust along the eyelashes, itching or burning eyes, redness, and sores. This typically affects both eyes at the same time. A doctor’s examination can determine if blepharitis is causing your symptoms and start your treatment.
- Insect bite: Itching, redness, and a little bump propose you may own been bitten by a bug or insect, but a doctor will be capable to accurately distinguish between an insect bite and other potential causes of eyelid swelling.
Less Common Medical Conditions Associated With Swollen Eyelids
There are several medical conditions that involve swollen eyelids as one symptom.
Treatment specifically for this swelling may be home-based, but treating the underlying medical condition is crucial.
- Hypothyroidism: An underactive thyroid gland mostly causes fatigue and weight changes, but puffy or swollen eyes may be one of several symptoms that your body is not managing hormone production. This requires a doctor’s diagnosis to start treatment.
- Shingles: This is the same virus that causes chicken pox, which lies dormant after the initial infection but may become athletic again in adulthood.
The most common symptoms are skin rash and pain, particularly along the sides or flanks of the body. In rare cases, you may develop a rash around the face, which can cause swelling in or around your eyelids.
- Graves’ disease: The opposite of hypothyroidism, this condition involves an overactive thyroid gland caused by an immune problem.
Bulging eyes, double vision, anxiety, weight loss, and rapid heartbeat are every symptoms of Graves’ disease, which can only be diagnosed by a medical professional.
- Preseptal/periorbital cellulitis: Like orbital cellulitis, this is an infection of skin tissue, but it occurs around the exterior of the eye rather than the interior tissues. This may be accompanied by pain and fever.
- Orbital cellulitis: Tissue infection in or around the eye socket can present as eyelid swelling.
This will be accompanied with redness, pain in the eyeball, and bulging eyes. It will start in one eye and spread to the other.
- Systemic disorders (preeclampsia, kidney disease, cardiovascular disease, and liver failure): Edema, or fluid retention, is a symptom of numerous diseases that affect the whole body. The eyes are one of several areas where you may notice unusual swelling.