What medicine to take for eye allergies

To get relief from your eye allergies and itchy, watery eyes, you can take a few approaches:

Use eye drops

Because eye allergies are so common, there are numerous brands of non-prescription eye drops available that are formulated to relieve itchiness, redness and watery eyes caused by allergies.

If your eye allergy symptoms are relatively mild, non-prescription eye drops for allergy relief may work extremely well for you and may be less expensive than prescription eye drops or other medication. Enquire your eye doctor to recommend a brand to try.

Ask about prescription medications

If your allergy symptoms are relatively severe or over-the-counter eye drops are ineffective at providing relief, you may need your eye doctor to prescribe a stronger medication.

Prescription eye drops and oral medications used to relieve eye allergies include:

Avoid allergens

The best approach to controlling your eye allergy symptoms is to do everything you can to limit your exposure to common allergens that you know you are sensitive to.

For example, on days when the pollen count is high, stay indoors as much as possible, with the air conditioner running to filter the air.

Use high quality furnace filters that can trap common allergens and replace the filters frequently.

When you do go outdoors during allergy season, wear wraparound sunglasses to assist shield your eyes from pollen, ragweed, etc., and drive with your windows closed.

Remove your contacts

Because the surface of contact lenses can attract and accumulate airborne allergens, consider wearing glasses instead of contacts during allergy season.

Or consider switching to daily disposable contacts that you discard after a single use to avoid the buildup of allergens and other debris on your lenses.

Often, the best choice if allergies are bothering your eyes is to discontinue wearing contacts altogether — at least until every your allergy symptoms are gone.

What medicine to take for eye allergies

Also, wearing eyeglasses with photochromic lenses can reduce allergy-related sensitivity to light and can assist shield your eyes from airborne allergens.

Antihistamines

Part of the body's natural allergic response is the release of histamine, a substance that dilates blood vessels and making the walls of blood vessels abnormally permeable.

Symptoms caused by histamine include a runny nose and itchy, watery eyes.

Antihistamines reduce allergic reactions by blocking the attachment of histamine to cells in the body that produce an allergic response.

Decongestants

Anaphylaxis: Severe Allergic Reactions


Nearly one in 50 Americans are at risk for anaphylaxis

Some children are allergic to certain foods, medicines, insects and latex.

What medicine to take for eye allergies

When they come into contact with these things they develop symptoms, such as hives and shortness of breath. This is known as an allergic reaction. Things that cause an allergic reaction are called allergens. Take every allergic symptoms seriously because both mild and severe symptoms can lead to a serious allergic reaction called anaphylaxis (anna-fih-LACK-sis).

Be Prepared for Anaphylaxis

Keep an Emergency Plan with You

You, your kid, and others who supervise or care for your kid need to recognize the signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis and how to treat it.

Your child’s doctor will give you a written step-by-step plan on what to do in an emergency. The plan is called an allergy emergency care plan or anaphylaxis emergency action plan.

What medicine to take for eye allergies

To be prepared, you, your kid, and others who care for your kid need to own copies of this plan.

About Epinephrine

Epinephrine is the medicine used to treat anaphylaxis. The emergency action plan tells you when and how to give epinephrine. You cannot rely on antihistamines to treat anaphylaxis.

Know How to Use Epinephrine

Learn how to give your kid epinephrine. Epinephrine is safe and comes in an easy-to-use device called an auto-injector.

When you press it against your child’s outer thigh, it injects a single dose of medicine. Your child’s health care team will show you how to use it. You, in turn, can teach people who spend time with your kid how to use it.

Always own two epinephrine auto-injectors near your kid. Do not store epinephrine in your car or other places where it will get too boiling or too freezing. Discard if the liquid is not clear, and replace it when it expires.

Common Causes of Anaphylaxis

Foods.

The most common food allergies are eggs, milk, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, wheat, fish and shellfish. The most common food allergies in infants and children are eggs, milk, peanuts, tree nuts, soy and wheat.

Insect stings from bees, wasps, yellow jackets and fire ants.

Latex found in things such as balloons, rubber bands, hospital gloves.

Medicines, especially penicillin, sulfa drugs, insulin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin and ibuprofen.

Be Aware of Symptoms of Anaphylaxis

The symptoms of anaphylaxis may happen shortly after having contact with an allergen and can get worse quickly.

What medicine to take for eye allergies

You can’t predict how your kid will react to a certain allergen from one time to the next. Both the types of symptoms and how serious they are can change. So, it’s significant for you to be prepared for every allergic reactions, especially anaphylaxis.

What medicine to take for eye allergies

Anaphylaxis must be treated correct away to provide the best chance for improvement and prevent serious, potentially life-threatening complications.

Symptoms of anaphylaxis generally involve more than one part of the body such as the skin, mouth, eyes, lungs, heart, gut, and brain. Some symptoms include:

  1. Shortness of breath, trouble breathing, wheezing (whistling sound during breathing)
  2. Dizziness and/or fainting
  3. Skin rashes and itching and hives
  4. Swelling of the lips, tongue or throat
  5. Stomach pain, vomiting or diarrhea
  6. Feeling love something terrible is about to happen

Your child’s doctor will give you a finish list of symptoms.

After Anaphylaxis

  1. Make a follow up appointment or an appointment with an allergy specialist to further diagnose and treat the allergy.
  2. Follow the steps in your child’s emergency care plan to give your kid epinephrine correct away.

    This can save your child’s life.

  3. Sometimes, a reaction is followed by a second, more severe, reaction known as a biphasic reaction. This second reaction can happen within 4 to 8 hours of the first reaction or even later. That’s why people should be watched in the emergency room for several hours after anaphylaxis.
  4. After giving epinephrine, always call 911 or a local ambulance service. Tell them that your kid is having a serious allergic reaction and may need more epinephrine.
  5. Your kid needs to be taken to a hospital by ambulance. Medical staff will watch your kid closely for further reactions and treat him or her if needed.

Take Steps to Avoid Anaphylaxis

The best way to avoid anaphylaxis is for your kid to stay away from allergens.

What medicine to take for eye allergies

Teach your kid about his or her allergy in an age-appropriate way. Teach your kid to tell an adult about a reaction, how to avoid allergens and how and when to use an epinephrine auto-injector. Here are some first steps you can take for each type of allergy:

Food. Learn how to read food labels and avoid cross-contact. Read the label every time you purchase a product, even if you’ve used it before. Ingredients in any given product may change.

Insect allergies.

Wear closed-toe shoes and insect repellent when outdoors. Avoid loose-fitting clothing that can trap an insect between the clothing and the skin.

Medicine allergies. Tell your doctor about medicines your kid is allergic to. Know both the generic and brand names of the medicines.

Latex allergies. Tell your doctors, dentists and other health care providers about your child’s latex allergy. Enquire them to put a note in your child’s medical chart about your child’s allergy.

Also remind them of the allergy before any medical procedure or test.

For every allergies:  Educate family, friends, the school and others who will be with your kid about your child’s allergies. They can assist your kid avoid allergens and help if anaphylaxis occurs.

Reviewed by medical advisors June 2014.

Know How to Treat Anaphylaxis

  • Eyelid problems
  • Dark circles around eyes
  • Follow the steps in your child’s emergency care plan to give your kid epinephrine correct away. This can save your child’s life.
  • Your kid needs to be taken to a hospital by ambulance. Medical staff will watch your kid closely for further reactions and treat him or her if needed.

  • Dry eyes
  • Itchy watery eyes
  • After giving epinephrine, always call 911 or a local ambulance service. Tell them that your kid is having a serious allergic reaction and may need more epinephrine.
  • Reactions to Contacts

Eye Allergies

People with eye allergies typically own symptoms that include:

  1. Eyelid problems
  2. Dark circles around eyes
  3. Itchy watery eyes
  4. Dry eyes
  5. Reactions to Contacts

Let us assist permit you to see and glance better!

Eye Allergies

People with eye allergies typically own symptoms that include:

  1. Eyelid problems
  2. Dark circles around eyes
  3. Itchy watery eyes
  4. Dry eyes
  5. Reactions to Contacts

Let us assist permit you to see and glance better!


Eye allergies: Get relief from itchy, watery eyes

By Gary Heiting, OD

Eye allergies — red, itchy, watery eyes that are bothered by the same irritants that cause sneezing and a runny nose among seasonal allergy sufferers — are extremely common.

In addition to having symptoms of sneezing, congestion and a runny nose, most of these allergy sufferers also experience itchy eyes, watery eyes, red eyes and swollen eyelids.

In some cases, eye allergies also can frolic a role in conjunctivitis (pink eye) and other eye infections.

If you ponder you own eye allergies, here are a few things you should know — including helpful tips on how to get relief from your red, itchy, watery eyes.


What causes eye allergies

Common allergens include pollen, animal dander and mold.

Eye allergies also can be caused by reactions to certain cosmetics or eye drops, including artificial tears used for treating dry eyes that contain preservatives.

Food allergies and allergic reactions to bee stings or other insect bites typically do not affect the eyes as severely as airborne allergens do.


Allergic Conjunctivitis: Eye Allergies

Allergic conjunctivitis is a common allergic problem involving the conjunctiva of the eyes.

It is most frequently associated with symptoms of itchy watery eyes often occurring during the allergy seasons. Repeatedly rubbing the eyes perpetuates the itchy feeling and creates a repetitive cycle of infection.

Allergic conjunctivitis may be seasonal, affecting you based upon changing concentrations of seasonal pollen. Symptoms may also be perennial when exposure to allergens such as dust mites, indoor molds or pet dander is year circular. Symptoms may also be episodic, for example after occasional exposure to a pet.

Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis is the most common allergic disease involving the eye. Eye allergies can be severe and fairly intolerable but not dangerous since they do not cause any permanent damage to the eye.

The disease generally is self limiting with avoidance of the allergen. Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis occurs more frequently than perennial allergic conjunctivitis. Symptoms typically happen in spring and drop depending on your specific sensitivities and the time and extent of pollen exposure.

Perennial allergic conjunctivitis typically results from exposure to dust mites, animal dander, and/or mold or other allergens that are present year circular in home or work environments. Because of constant exposure to these allergens, symptoms are year circular and similar to the symptoms of the seasonal condition.

What medicine to take for eye allergies

However, they may wax and wane depending on indoor allergen concentrations.

If you suffer from eye allergies, you may develop dark discoloration or circles under your eyes often called “allergic shiners.”  You may complain of fullness in your eyes or perhaps a burning sensation. The eyes often tear and may become swollen or even swell shut in severe cases. Your eyes may be red or not even glance that bad even though the itching is fairly severe. You may complain of intolerance to bright lights (photophobia) or occasionally own blurred vision. When symptoms are severe, the need to rub your eyes may become overwhelming because of the intense itching.


Eye Anatomy: What Do Eye Allergies Actually Effect?

The eye is commonly involved in allergic reactions.

What medicine to take for eye allergies

The conjunctiva is the part of the eye that is most frequently affected during common allergic reactions involving airborne allergens. The conjunctiva consists of a clear membrane covering the white of the eye and the inside of the eyelid. It begins at the eyelid edge and covers the inside of the eyelid, including most of the white of the eye (sclera) up to the limbus. The limbus is the point where the conjunctiva ends and the cornea begins. The cornea is the  most outer portion of the eye, and it is made out of a tough transparent tissue that is needed for vision. For a finish view of the eye anatomy, see Figure above.

The conjunctiva is loose tissue, wealthy in fluids, blood vessels and cells. Some of the cells love mast cells are wealthy in chemical mediators (histamines) involved in allergic reactions. Bound to the mast cell surface are hundreds of thousands of IgE  antibodies which can attach to allergens such as pollen, dust mite and animal dander. When airborne allergens contact the conjunctiva, they can attach to IgE antibodies on the mast cell surface, triggering an allergic reaction in the eye.

Once mediators are released from mast cells, the conjunctiva blood vessels reply by opening and leaking fluids. The eye becomes red, inflamed, swollen and extremely itchy.

Allergic conditions of the eyes or tissue around the eyes include the following:

  1. Atopic keratoconjunctivitis
  2. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis
  3. Allergic conjunctivitis (seasonal or perennial)
  4. Giant papillary conjunctivitis
  5. Allergic conditions involving the eyelid include contact dermatitis and atopic dermatitis


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