What medicine can i give my baby for allergies
If your baby is diagnosed with CMA, you’ll be offered advice by your GP or an allergy specialist on how to manage their allergy. You may also be referred to a dietitian.
Treatment involves removing every cows’ milk from your child’s diet for a period of time.
If your baby is formula-fed, your GP can prescribe special baby formula.
Do not give your kid any other type of milk without first getting medical advice.
If your baby is exclusively breastfed, the mom will be advised to avoid every cows’ milk products.
Your kid should be assessed every 6 to 12 months to see if they own grown out of their allergy.
Read more about cows’ milk allergy.
How will I know if my kid has a food allergy?
An allergic reaction can consist of 1 or more of the following:
- itchy throat and tongue
- itchy skin or rash
- swollen lips and throat
- runny or blocked nose
- a cough
- diarrhoea or vomiting
- wheezing and shortness of breath
- sore, red and itchy eyes
In a few cases, foods can cause a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) that can be life-threatening.
Get medical advice if you ponder your kid is having an allergic reaction to a specific food.
Don’t be tempted to experiment by cutting out a major food, such as milk, because this could lead to your kid not getting the nutrients they need. Talk to your health visitor or GP, who may refer you to a registered dietitian.
Symptoms of cows’ milk allergy
Cows’ milk allergy can cause a wide range of symptoms, including:
- digestive problems – such as stomach ache, vomiting, colic, diarrhoea or constipation
- hay fever-like symptoms – such as a runny or blocked nose
- skin reactions – such as a red itchy rash or swelling of the lips, face and around the eyes
- eczema that does not improve with treatment
Occasionally CMA can cause severe allergic symptoms that come on suddenly, such as swelling in the mouth or throat, wheezing, cough, shortness of breath, and difficult, noisy breathing.
A severe allergic reaction, or anaphylaxis, is a medical emergency – call 999 or go immediately to your local hospital A&E department.
Introducing foods that could trigger allergy
When you start introducing solid foods to your baby from around 6 months ancient, introduce the foods that can trigger allergic reactions one at a time and in extremely little amounts so that you can spot any reaction.
These foods are:
- nuts and peanuts (serve them crushed or ground)
- seeds (serve them crushed or ground)
- shellfish (don’t serve raw or lightly cooked)
- eggs (eggs without a red lion stamp should not be eaten raw or lightly cooked)
- cows’ milk
- foods that contain gluten, including wheat, barley and rye
See more about foods to avoid giving babies and young children.
These foods can be introduced from around 6 months as part of your baby’s diet, just love any other foods.
Once introduced and if tolerated, these foods should become part of your baby’s usual diet to minimise the risk of allergy.
Evidence has shown that delaying the introduction of peanut and hen’s eggs beyond 6 to 12 months may increase the risk of developing an allergy to these foods.
Lots of children outgrow their allergies to milk or eggs, but a peanut allergy is generally lifelong.
If your kid has a food allergy, read food labels carefully.
Avoid foods if you are not certain whether they contain the food your kid is allergic to.
Food additives and children
Food contains additives for numerous reasons, such as to preserve it, to help make it safe to eat for longer, and to give colour or texture.
All food additives go through strict safety testing before they can be used.
Food labelling must clearly show additives in the list of ingredients, including their name or «E» number and their function, such as «colour» or «preservative».
A few people own adverse reactions to some food additives, love sulphites, but reactions to ordinary foods, such as milk or soya, are much more common.
Read more about food colours and hyperactivity.
Sheet final reviewed: 24 July 2018
Next review due: 24 July 2021
If you ponder your baby is having a reaction to cows’ milk, see your GP to discuss your concerns.
They will be capable to assess if your baby’s symptoms may be caused by a cows’ milk allergy or something else.
Make certain you get medical advice before taking cows’ milk out of your child’s diet as it contains significant nutrients.
Cows’ milk allergy in babies
Cows’ milk allergy (CMA), also called cows’ milk protein allergy, is one of the most common childhood food allergies.
It is estimated to affect around 7% of babies under 1, though most children grow out of it by the age of 5.
CMA typically develops when cows’ milk is first introduced into your baby’s diet either in formula or when your baby starts eating solids.
More rarely, it can affect babies who are exclusively breastfed because of cows’ milk from the mother’s diet passing to the baby through breast milk.
There are 2 main types of CMA:
- immediate CMA – where symptoms typically start within minutes of having cows’ milk
- delayed CMA – where symptoms typically start several hours, or even days, after having cows’ milk
Could it be lactose intolerance?
Lactose intolerance is another type of reaction to milk, when the body cannot digest lactose, a natural sugar found in milk.
However, this is not an allergy.
Lactose intolerance can be temporary – for example, it can come on for a few days or weeks after a tummy bug.
Symptoms of lactose intolerance include:
- stomach rumbling and pains