What kind of cats are best for allergies
If you own pet allergies, chances are it is Fluffy rather than Fido that’s making you sneeze. While an estimated 10 percent of people are allergic to household pets, cat allergies are twice as common as dog allergies, according to the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.
Among children, about one in seven between ages 6 and 19 prove to be allergic to cats.
Contrary to favorite belief, it’s not cat fur that causes those itchy, watery eyes. Most people with cat allergies react to a protein found on cat skin called Fel d 1.
The reason that cat allergies are more common has to do with the size and shape of the protein molecule, rather than how much dander the animal sheds, according to Mark Larché, an immunology professor at McMaster University in Ontario.
The protein enters the air on bits of cat hair and skin, and it is so little and light — it’s about one-tenth the size of a dust allergen — that it can stay airborne for hours.
«Dog allergens don’t stay airborne the same way cat allergens do. The particle size is just correct to breathe deep into your lungs,» Larché said.
The Fel d 1 protein is also incredibly sticky, readily glomming onto human skin and clothes and remaining there, making it ubiquitous in the environment. It has been found in places where there are no cats — classrooms, doctors’ offices, even the Arctic, Larché said.
While there are no truly hypoallergenic cat breeds — every cats produce the protein, which experts surmise may own something do with pheromone signaling — some cats make more of it than others.
«Male cats, especially unneutered males, produce more Fel d 1 than female cats.
Testosterone increases glandular secretions,» said Dr.
Andrew Kim, an allergist at the Allergy and Asthma Centers of Fredricksburg and Fairfax, in Virginia.
If you own cat allergies, there are steps you can take to reduce them. Avoiding contact with cats is one option, though not always a favorite choice. Even after a cat is taken out of a home, allergen levels may remain high for up to six months, Kim said.
Limiting a cat’s access to the bedrooms of allergic people, using high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters, bathing the cat and removing allergen-trapping carpeting may also help.
For those who can’t avoid cat dander, allergy shots may be an option. Little injections of the allergen can assist build immune system tolerance over time.
«It takes about six months of weekly injections of increasing potency to reach a maintenance level, followed by three to five years of monthly injections, for the therapy to reach full effectiveness,» said Dr.
Jackie Eghrari-Sabet, an allergist and founder of Family Allergy and Asthma Care in Gaithersburg, Md.
A less burdensome repair for cat allergies may be on the horizon. Phase 3 clinical trials are set to start this drop for a cat allergy vaccine that Larché helped develop. Early tests own shown the vaccine to be safe and effective without some of the side effects of allergy shots, such as skin reactions and difficulty breathing. Larché receives research funding from pharmaceutical companies Adiga Life Sciences and Circassia.
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Happy International Cat Day! The perfect way to celebrate is by enjoying the company of a local feline. Sadly, cat allergies prevent some cat admirers from enjoying their adorable smooshy faces. But even if you’re terribly allergic, there are steps you can take to assist alleviate symptoms and enjoy every day with these volatile furballs.
There are a lot of misconceptions about what part of the cat is actually causing every the itchiness and sneezing.
Surprisingly, it’s not the hair they leave everywhere. It’s not even their dander, but a protein in the dander, according to Web MD. That protein is also found in their saliva and urine. While any furry animal produces these protein-soaked materials, cats both lick themselves and pee in a box in your home, so you can imagine how it gets into the air. Most people with allergies just attempt to avoid cats entirely, but under are some options for allergy sufferers who refuse to live a life without joy.
Some discover that the side effects of antihistamines are mild compared to the side effects of kittens, according to Metro.co.uk.
There are plenty of once-a-day medicationsthat will assist with mild allergies that are also non-drowsy—I take Zyrtec for my pollen allergies and the only change I’ve noticed is that I’ve stopped sneezing. Everyone has diverse reactions, however, and it’s best to consult your doctor if you desire some direction. It also might take a couple experiments to discover the medication that works best for you. Unless you want to be drowsy, so you can sleep next to your kitty on the sofa every day.
TheSprucePets.com focuses on every the ways that keeping a clean home will make it possible to cohabitate with a little dander machine.
They recommend daily vacuuming, and on top of that, they propose you use a steam cleaner. Steam cleaners are chemical free and especially effective on upholstery and carpets, which are basically just magnets for spores, dust mites, bacteria, and everything else making you sneeze. Heck, it might not even be the cat! Though, remember that thing about the protein being in their urine? If you’re coughing more than usual, clean the kitty litter. Yes, it is in the air.
Clean The Cat Itself
There are conflicting accounts of how productive it is to literally wash your cat. “Bathing a cat was once believed to be helpful, but the cat would own to be washed almost daily,”asthma specialist Dr.
Robert Zuckerman told Petfinder.
Efficacy aside, extremely few cats will willingly cooperate with a daily dunk. But there are liquids that supposedly assist reduce the quantity of allergen in the air by keeping it on the animal, love Allerpet.
According to the Allerpet website, shedding increases as animals age, because their skin gets less supple and becomes drier. Humidity helps to hold them from releasing dander, as does unused air, but a light application of their product basically keeps the animal moisturized. Applying it also removes some of the dander on the fur, because you’re wiping it with a washcloth.
Alternately, you could just use a damp microfiber cloth for your pet’s jacket. You’ll probably both be happier with that than if you attempt to dunk your pet in the bath, though it’s highly possible they’ll be annoyed by a cloth, too. Introduce them to it slowly and not when it’s sopping wet. They love to be stroked and licked, so it may be a more natural fit than you’d think.
Get An Air Filter
The most commonly recommended filter for cat allergies is a high-efficiency particulate air filter, or HEPA.
If you own an air purifier already, you may be capable to discover a HEPA filter that fits it, but there are also lots of favorite models on Amazon. There are also HEPA vacuums, if you desire to HEPA your life. But allergist Asriani Chiu, MD, warned on Web MD to be careful not to purchase air systems that incorporate chemicals.
As for those air de-ionizers/purifiers often hawked on late-night infomercials, they may make allergies worse by releasing harmful ozone gas.
Keep Them Out Of The Bedroom
It’s helpful to limit where your cats are allowed.
The best put to ban them is the bedroom, because it’s where you lay still with your mouth open eight hours a night.
Your bedroom is also likely full of lots of dander-catching blankets and pillows. If you do let them snuggle with you when you’re most vulnerable, attempt to wash every your blankets twice a month, rather than never, which is what I do. Also change your sheets and pillow cases regularly, and store them somewhere they won’t accumulate dust and dander, love a plastic container.
Always clean your hands after petting the cat so you don’t finish up rubbing dander in your eyes. That is, if you ever take a break from scratching that adorable kitty-cat.
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Contributing Author, writing my first book for the Dial Press called The Lonely Hunter, follow me on @alutkin
Like people, our feline friends can develop allergies.
This happens when their immune systems become sensitive to substances present in their surroundings. Known as allergens, these irritating substances may not annoy you or other animals in your home, but as your cat’s body tries to get rid of the offending substances, he might show every kinds of symptoms.
Because there is such a wide variety of allergens, cat allergies are generally divided into 3 main categories: flea allergy, environmental allergies (atopic dermatitis), and food allergy.
Flea allergy and environmental allergies – the ones that cause “hay fever” symptoms in humans – are the most common. However, cats often own multiple allergies, so a thorough examination by your veterinarian or veterinary dermatologist is recommended.
Allergic kitties are often extremely itchy and own skin problems associated with allergic dermatitis. They also might exhibit some of these symptoms:
- Sneezing, coughing, and wheezing – especially if the cat has asthma
- Ear infections
- Snoring caused by an inflamed throat
- Vomiting or diarrhea
- Itchy, runny eyes
- Paw chewing or swollen, sensitive paws
There are a variety of allergens that cause these symptoms:
- Pollen, grass, plants, mold, mildew, and other organic substances
- Fleas or flea-control products
- Prescription drugs
- Household cleaning products
- Perfumes and colognes
- Some cat litters
Gastrointestinal symptoms generally accompany a food allergy, so it is significant to avoid feeding your cat food to which he or she has a known allergy.
Also, allergies tend to be more common among outdoor cats because they are exposed to a wider range of potential allergens, especially from plants and organic matter.
If something appears to be making your kitty miserable, the best thing to do is pay your veterinarian a visit. He or she will initially do a finish history and physical exam for your cat to determine the source of the allergies.
If your vet suspects your cat has allergies, he might desire to act out blood tests or experiment with your kitty’s diet to narrow below the cause. Or, if your vet thinks your cat has a skin allergy, your cat might be referred to a veterinary dermatologist.
Treatment & Prevention
The best way to treat your cat’s allergies is to remove the allergens from his or her environment. For instance, if your cat’s allergies are caused by fleas, using veterinarian-recommended flea and tick preventatives can eliminate the cause. If the problem is cat litter, substituting your normal litter for a dust-free alternative could do the trick. In fact, this might assist correct a bigger problem if your cat’s been missing his or her litter box.
When it comes to pollen, fungus, mold, or dust, bathing your cat a couple of times per week can assist alleviate itching.
Your veterinarian can recommend an appropriate shampoo to assist you avoid drying out your cat’s skin.
A diagnosis of food allergies may require you to provide your cat with a prescription diet or even home-cooked meals free of the offending allergens. Your veterinarian will provide recommendations as to the best course of action. It is possible that your cat will need dietary supplements to ensure he gets every the vital nutrients he needs.
Medication is sometimes prescribed for cats in case certain allergens cannot be removed from the environment. Medications include:
- Cortisone, steroids or allergy injections for airborne pollens
- Antihistamines as a preventative
- Flea prevention products
How do allergies affect asthma?
If your cat is allergic to environmental pollutants, it may worsen your cat’s asthma.
In this case, your vet may prescribe medications that open your cat’s airway for the short-term; endless term solutions include corticosteroids. And here’s a excellent reminder: cigarette smoke is bad for your cat, especially if your cat has asthma.
If you own any questions or concerns, you should always visit or call your veterinarian – they are your best resource to ensure the health and well-being of your pets.
What Is Pet Dander?
Pet dander is composed of tiny, even microscopic, flecks of skin shed by cats, dogs, rodents, birds and other animals with fur or feathers.
These bits of skin can cause reactions in people who are specifically allergic to these triggers.
Additional allergy triggers or allergens come from sources other than the animal’s skin. Proteins found in saliva, urine and feces from cats, dogs and other pets can cause allergic reactions in some people. The most common allergies are caused by the Fel d I protein from cats and the Can f I and Can f II proteins from dogs.
Dried saliva containing allergens may flake off from an animal’s fur and become airborne, where it is inhaled by the allergic person. Dust from dried feces can be suspended in the same way. 1
Which Animals Pose the Biggest Problems?
Cats are kept as pets in 27 percent of homes in the United States and dogs are found in 32 percent. However, roughly twice as numerous people report allergies to cats when compared to dogs. Research also indicates that male cats produce less Fel d I allergen than female cats, although the reason is not clear. 1
Animals with fur may be more likely to carry allergens from other sources, love dust, but the fur itself is generally not a trigger.
For that reason, short-haired or hairless animals contribute dander and allergens to indoor air pollution just as effectively as long-haired animals do.
There is no such thing as a non-allergenic dog or cat. 1
How Do Pet Allergens Affect Health?
Some people are allergic to pets or own asthma that is triggered by pet allergens. For these individuals, breathing animal allergens can make respiratory symptoms worse and lead to a decline in the ability of the lungs to function.
The concentrations of an allergen required to cause a reaction vary greatly by individual. 1
People with allergies may experience upper and lower respiratory tract symptoms including congestion, sneezing, runny nose, chest tightness and wheezing. Other symptoms are itching, watery eyes, and eczema or rashes. 1
How Do You Control Pet Allergens?
For homes with sensitive individuals, the best way to protect indoor air quality is to remove the animal from the home. However, pet allergens may stay in the home for months after the pet is gone because the allergens remain in home dust. Allergy and asthma symptoms may take weeks or even months to improve.
If the pet stays in the home, hold it out of the bedroom of anyone who has asthma or allergies. Do not permit the pet on furniture, especially upholstery, and hold the pet away from carpets. Clean the home often and do not permit dust to accumulate.
Page Final Updated: July 1, 2019
Cat allergy got you in mew-sery? This news may change your life fur-ever.
A team of scientists from the Swiss firm HypoPet AG has developed a vaccine to combat the feline-produced protein Fel d 1, to which 10% of humans are allergic, according to their press release.
After analyzing data from four separate studies involving a entire of 54 kitties, the antidote, called HypoCat, has already demonstrated its success.
“Our HypoCat vaccine is capable to produce high levels of antibodies in cats,” writes Gary Jennings, CEO of HypoPet AG, in the statement.
“These antibodies can bind and neutralize the Fel d 1 allergen produced by the animals.”
Researchers tell they are “pressing ahead with registration studies and discussions with European and US regulators” to bring the drug to market, which would certainly change lives.
The vaccine would assist those with cat allergies avoid typical reactions such as rashes, nasal congestion and irritated eyes, while also lowering their risk of exacerbating asthma or developing chronic respiratory issues.
How Do Pet Allergens Occur?
Pet allergens are extremely light weight and little.
They remain suspended in the air for a endless time, much longer than allergens from cockroaches or dust mites. Because of their microscopic size and jagged shape, pet allergens easily stick to furniture, bedding, fabrics and numerous items carried into and out of the home. Animal dander is easily spread through the home and out to public places love schools and hospitals. 1 They can be found even in homes and buildings without pets. 1