What is the simple definition of a food allergy
Currently, unpackaged food doesn’t need to be labelled in the same way as packaged food.
This can make it more hard to know what ingredients are in a specific dish.
Examples of unpackaged food include food sold from:
- «ready-to-eat» sandwich shops
- bakeries – including in-store bakeries in supermarkets
- salad bars
If you or your kid own a severe food allergy, you need to be careful when you eat out.
The following advice should help:
- let the staff know – when booking a table at a restaurant, make certain the staff know about any allergies.
Enquire for a firm guarantee that the specific food won’t be in any of the dishes served.
The Food Standards Agency (FSA) offers chef cards that provide information about allergies, which you can give to restaurant staff. As well as informing the chef and kitchen staff involved in cooking your food, let waiters and waitresses know so they understand the importance of avoiding cross-contamination when serving you.
- prepare for the worst – it’s a excellent thought to prepare for any eventuality. Always take anti-allergy medication with you when eating out, particularly an adrenalin auto-injector.
Read more about treating food allergies with a auto-injector.
- read the menu carefully and check for hidden ingredients – some food types contain other foods that can trigger allergies, which restaurant staff may own overlooked.
Some desserts contain nuts (such as a cheesecake base) and some sauces contain wheat and peanuts.
- use what’s known as a taste test in older children – before your kid begins to eat, enquire them to take a tiny portion of the food and rub it against their lips to see if they experience a tingling or burning sensation. If they do, it suggests that the food will cause them to own an allergic reaction. However, the taste test doesn’t work for every foods, so it shouldn’t be used as a substitute for the above advice.
Your child’s diet
There’s currently no cure for food allergies, although numerous children will grow out of certain ones, such as allergies to milk and eggs.
The most effective way you can prevent symptoms is to remove the offending food – known as an allergen – from their diet.
However, it’s significant to check with your GP or the doctor in charge of your child’s care first before eliminating certain foods.
Removing eggs or peanuts from a child’s diet isn’t going to own much of an impact on their nutrition. Both of these are a excellent source of protein, but can be replaced by other, alternative sources.
A milk allergy can own more of an impact as milk is a excellent source of calcium, but there are many other ways you can incorporate calcium into your child’s diet, including green leafy vegetables.
Numerous foods and drinks are fortified with additional calcium.
See your GP if you’re concerned that your child’s allergy is affecting their growth and development.
Here’s some more advice for parents:
- notify your child’s school about their allergy – depending on how severe their allergy is, it may be necessary to give the staff at their school an emergency action plan in case of accidental exposure.
Arrange for the school nurse or another staff member to hold a supply of adrenalin. Food allergy bracelets, which explain how other people can assist your kid in an emergency, are also available.
- let other parents know – young children may easily forget about their food allergy and accept food they shouldn’t own when visiting other children. Telling the parents of your child’s friends about their allergy should assist prevent this.
- educate your child – once your kid is ancient enough to understand their allergy, it’s significant to give them clear, simple instructions about what foods to avoid and what they should do if they accidentally eat them.
It’s extremely significant to check the label of any pre-packed food or drinks your kid has in case it contains ingredients they’re allergic to.
Under EU law, any pre-packed food or drink sold in the UK must clearly state on the label if it contains the following ingredients:
- molluscs – including mussels and oysters
- cereals that contain gluten – including wheat, rye, barley and oats
- sesame seeds
- lupin (common garden plants) – seeds from some varieties are sometimes used to make flour
- crustaceans – including prawns, crabs and lobsters
- tree nuts – such as almonds, hazelnuts, walnuts, brazil nuts, cashews, pecans, pistachios and macadamia nuts
- sulphur dioxide and sulphites (preservatives used in some foods and drinks) – at levels above 10mg per kg or per litre
Some food manufacturers also select to put allergy advice warning labels – for example, «contains nuts» – on their pre-packed foods if they contain an ingredient known to commonly cause an allergic reaction, such as peanuts, wheat, eggs or milk.
However, these aren’t compulsory.
If there’s no allergy advice box or «contains» statement on a product, it could still own any of the 14 specified allergens in it.
Look out for «may contain» labels, such as «may contain traces of peanut».
Manufacturers sometimes put this label on their products to warn consumers that they may own become contaminated with another food product when being made.
Read more detailed information about allergen labelling on the Food Standards Agency website.
Some non-food products contain allergy-causing food:
- some soaps and shampoos contain soy, egg and tree nut oil
- some pet foods contain milk and peanuts
- some glues and adhesive labels used on envelopes and stamps contain traces of wheat
Again, read the labels of any non-food products your kid may come into shut physical contact with.
Can food allergies be prevented?
It used to be thought that avoiding eating peanuts during pregnancy and when breastfeeding could assist reduce the risk, but this theory has now been questioned.
There’s some evidence that introducing peanuts early in life may reduce the risk of peanut allergy, but this may not apply to every children and requires confirmation from further studies.
It’s significant to follow the standard recommendations for pregnancy and breastfeeding, whether or not you own a family history of food allergies.
For more information, see:
Sheet final reviewed: 15 April
Next review due: 15 April