What is the best treatment for dogs with allergies
The best treatment is to avoid exposure altogether. This, however, is not always optimal or possible. If your best friend has an animal you are allergic to, it just may not be possible to avoid exposure. This can be especially concerning for kids who cannot participate in certain activities resulting in social stigma or unhappiness because they are diverse. You may desire to talk with your doctor about medicines you might be capable to take beforehand for planned exposures.
What Animal Dander Is
While it is commonly thought that it is the hair from pets that causes the allergic cascade leading to asthma symptoms and short-haired animals are less allergic for asthmatics, both are myths. In fact, it is dander or the proteins in skin flakes, urine, feces, saliva and hair that trigger your asthma symptoms.
These proteins are extremely little particles that are carried through the air and can come to land on a body part that comes into contact with your nose or mouth (like your finger) or the particles can be directly inhaled into the lung. You may notice symptoms immediately or may not develop them for 8 to 12 hours.
What Types of Pets to Get
If you already know you own allergy symptoms or desire to make certain you or your kid will not develop symptoms from a specific pet, consider spending time with someone that has the pet you wish to get before purchasing.
Alternatively, consider animals that typically do not cause or worsen allergies like:
- Hermit crabs
- Aquarium fish
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Your dog’s eye(s) can become inflamed for a variety of reasons, ranging from conditions that are simple to repair to some that are extremely serious.
Some of the most common are:
- Glaucoma: a much more serious condition caused by increased pressure within the eye itself
- Scratched cornea: a scratch on the eye can develop into a more serious condition, such as an ulcer
- Foreign body: a foreign object in the eye, even eyelashes, can cause the eye to be irritated
- Conjunctivitis: the mucus membranes of the eye become inflamed and itchy (This is the most common eye problem among our four-legged friends.)
- Allergies: as with us, our pets can suffer from allergy-induced itchy, watery eyes
- Entropion: when the eyelashes are turned inward instead of outward, causing the eye to tear, become irritated, and ultimately infected, if not treated
There are numerous less common eye conditions that can cause eye inflammation.
Your veterinarian will work to identify what is troubling your teary-eyed friend.
The most common sign your pooch’s eyes are irritated is redness. Additionally, she may blink or squint excessively, hold her eye closed, rub or paw at her eye, and her eye might tear a lot.
There may also be some mucus or pus-like discharge around your dog’s eye(s).
If you ponder your pet’s eyes are irritated, you should contact your veterinarian for advice. Numerous of the most common situations need medical attention in order to get better. Your veterinarian will most likely act out a finish ophthalmic examination to determine the cause of the inflammation. In more serious situations, they may send you to a dog eye expert, also referred to as a veterinary ophthalmologist.
Your veterinarian will advise you regarding the best way to care for your pet’s eye(s). One of the most common treatments is to apply medicated drops or ointment to the affected eye.
Having your compadre sit still while you apply the medication can be challenging. For assist with this, watch an expert apply eye drops to a dog.
Because there are so numerous diverse causes of eye inflammation, there is no single prevention that works for every situation.
To assist your dog reduce the risk of eye problems, check her eyes daily for any obvious signs of irritation, such as redness or tearing.
If you own any questions or concerns, you should always visit or call your veterinarian – they are your best resource to ensure the health and well-being of your pets.
Q-I`m considering putting my 1 1/2-year-old poodle on cortisone for an itching problem. What side effects should I expect?
A-The side effects of cortisone can be divided into two categories: common
»nuisance» reactions and less common but more serious disease syndromes related to the size of the cortisone dosage and duration of use.
In the first category, mild side effects can include increased water consumption and, consequently, increased urination.
This reaction can be so severe that the dog is unable to hold its urine for the night and may have
»accidents» in the home. The drug can also stimulate a dog`s appetite. In addition, cortisone makes some dogs sluggish. These two reactions can combine to make a dog overweight, another potential problem.
In the second, more serious category of reactions, cortisone greatly reduces an animal`s resistance to infections of every types. Viral and bacterial infections, fungal and parasitic conditions are every far more likely to happen in a dog that is on cortisone.
To cite a common example, dogs that are on the drug for endless periods of time often develop urinary tract or bladder infections.
Various other infections may attack anywhere, including in the skin.
Dogs on cortisone may also develop negative changes in the liver: Fat replaces some of the athletic cells in the liver, and over a endless period of time, this can compromise the efficiency of the liver`s functioning.
Yet another syndrome, called Cushing`s disease, can also develop in dogs given cortisone for a endless period. This can cause numerous problems: weakness, hair loss, extremely fatty livers, a tendency toward thyroid problems and diabetes.
Proceed cautiously. Sometimes cortisone is the best treatment for an itchy dog, especially if istered for only a limited period, such as to ease a seasonal allergy. For example, if a dog itches every year when pollens are in full »bloom,» some form of cortisone, given for the four to eight weeks when the allergies are at their worst, will own extremely little, if any, long-term side effects.
If your poodle`s itching problem does not reply to short-term therapy, you may face putting the dog on cortisone for the relax of its life. Before opting for that, fully investigate the root causes of the itching.
Every year about this time I feel compelled to alert dog owners about protecting pets against heartworm.
As the mosquito season approaches, so does the threat of heartworm, but taking a few simple precautions can save your dog`s life.
Each year perhaps as numerous as 35 percent of dog owners neglect to safeguard their pets against heartworm. I wish I could attribute this to forgetfulness, but in most cases the problem stems from ignorance and indifference. I only hope I can impress such owners with the fatal facts:
Heartworm can kill-Heartworms (Dirofilaria immitis) can be 14 inches long! If left untreated, they cause death in 50 percent of cases. Large accumulations of the worms bring on congestive heart failure and impair circulation, causing serious damage to the heart, lungs, liver and kidneys.
Mosquitos carry the disease-The mosquito transmits the illness when it bites a dog already carrying heartworm larvae, ingests the dog`s blood, then bites another uninfected dog.
If your dog acts listless, coughs frequently, seems to exhibit poor endurance, has difficulty breathing and is losing weight, take it to a veterinarian immediately. Even if the dog is infected, it can generally be saved, though at some risk and grand expense.
Prevention is the key-Heartworm is almost 100 percent preventable. The first step is to take your dog to a veterinarian at the onset of spring for a heartworm test. If results are negative, the vet will prescribe heartworm pills. Previously, the pills had to be given daily throughout the mosquito season.
Today there`s Heartgard-30, istered only once a month. If you discover that giving your dog a pill is hard, heartworm medication also comes in liquid and chewable tablets but must be given daily.
Infected dogs can be saved-If a dog tests positive for heartworm, this doesn`t automatically spell death. The disease can be cured, but treatment is lengthy, involving a endless stay in a veterinary hospital. And when a dog returns home, it remains feeble for fairly a while.
Never use ancient heartworm pills-Never be penny-wise and pill-foolish.
Though giving your dog heartworm pills left over from the year before would save the expense of visiting the vet, don`t do it. You may simply incur another expense: disposal of your pet`s body. If a dog has already contracted heartworm and is given the pill, it can prove fatal.
The threat of heartworm persists-Despite the advent of effective heartworm treatment, which should own made the disease as »outmoded» as smallpox, cases of heartworm are increasing. So if you feel you can`t afford to give a dog proper medical attention, you should not own a dog. It`s as simple as that. —
Huntington welcomes questions from readers. Although she cannot reply to them individually, she will answer those of general interest in this column. Record to Dr. Huntington, c/o The Chicago Tribune, 435 N. Michigan Ave., Chicago, Ill. 60611. If your pet`s problem is urgent, consult your vet.
Most allergies are contact allergies.
There are definitely a percentage of dogs that own food allergies also.
So today, I’m going to talk to you a little bit about allergies, and there’s so numerous misconceptions and misinformation out there, and people who desire to sell you every kinds of things that are going to cure the allergies, but I’m going to helpful of give you just a basic picture of what’s significant to know. And most importantly, remember, every dog is diverse.
Every situation is diverse, and you really need the assist and guidance of a veterinary to select the best products.
Most people come to us because their dog is, tell, itching for whatever reason. Obviously, the first thing we’re going to law out would be parasites. There are some kinds of mites that can cause itching, certainly fleas and even ticks can cause itching, so we’re going to make certain that those things are well covered first.
Then the next thing we’ll start to talk about would be things love environmental concerns.
But really, with allergies, the way that they work with most dogs is that the vast majority are contact allergies. Yes, love some love that, and a dog is going to be exposed by stepping or rolling or laying in the grass, or whatever, and they’re going to be exposed to allergens. When we test for allergies, we’re testing for about 75 diverse things, so no one can glance at your dog and tell, «Oh, it’s grass.» There’s really just no way of knowing that, but it’s certainly a extremely excellent possibility that it could be grass or molds that are in the grass when the grasses are wet.
But what happens is these allergens are exposed to the dog’s skin, and then they’re absorbed through the skin.
Dogs that own allergies, a lot of them own a barrier problem; meaning if you ponder about the skin as being love saran wrap, and dogs that own allergies own more holes in their saran wrap than other dogs. So then these allergens are capable to penetrate through the skin, and in addition, they own some overreaction to whatever it is they’re being exposed to. If it’s grass, the grass allergens are getting into the skin and into the second layer of the skin a little bit easier, and then the body may be overreacting, causing histamine release, and other things that are really itchy for the dog, and then that’s going to cause the dog to itch.
Once the dog starts licking and chewing and scratching and biting, we get secondary problems love yeast and bacteria infections, which may require us to do some cytologies.
Basically, we’re looking at the cells of the skin to see if there’s yeast or bacteria, because they’re treated extremely differently. We own so numerous amazing drugs now to assist fight with allergies. We own two new medications; one is a pill that is a non-steroidal pill that really helps to block the reaction of itch, and another one is an injectable drug that also helps with the overresponse that an allergic dog displays.
These drugs are amazing and such a lifesaver for a dog’s quality of life, but they do require that we make certain that infections are cleared up, and that we’ve done a beautiful thorough workup before doing any of these medications. So bottom line is this: Most allergies are contact allergies.
There are definitely a percentage of dogs that own food allergies also. Some of them can own a combination of every of the above, but I ponder if you went into a pet store, you’d discover that fairly often telling you, you own to purchase this certain helpful of food, and really rarely is that what should happen.
You don’t really desire to get your health information from a 16 year ancient pet store employee; not that there’s anything incorrect with them, but they don’t generally own the eight years of school that assist us to make a better plan for your puppy or your dog in choosing the best medications. So, if your dog is having itching, scratching problem, most importantly, just get to the vet.
Own them start working your dog up and discover the best way to get your dog’s skin under control.
How to Decrease Exposure
Removing your pet from the home and avoiding contact with the pet is the most effective way to decrease exposure to animal dander. A "trial removal" is not recommended as it may take as numerous as 20 weeks following removal for allergen levels to drop to levels similar to those of homes without pets. If you do remove the pet from the home, make certain you thoroughly clean every bedding products, floors, carpets and other surfaces where dander may collect.
If pet removal is going to produce depression, crying and gnashing of teeth for you or your kid, making the pet an "outside only" animal is a partial solution, but will not fully decrease your exposure to animal dander.
If that is also too restrictive, consider the following suggestions:
- Do not own the allergic person clean the animal's cage, living space, or litter box.
- Unfortunately, frequent vacuuming does not decrease dander exposure, but using a HEPA vacuum filter or double bag may decrease exposure if you must vacuum. If you are the impacted individual, wear a dust mask while vacuuming.
- Keep pets away from fabric-covered furniture, carpets, and stuffed toys as much as possible.
- Keep the pet out of bedrooms and other places where you or your kid spends a lot of time.
You spend as much as a third of your life in the bedroom and this will decrease exposure significantly.
- HEPA clean air filters may reduce your allergen exposure. You may also desire to consider a HEPA filter specifically for the bedroom.
- Remove wall to wall carpet if possible. Consider hardwood, tile or linoleum flooring as these products do not retain allergens love carpeting. If removing carpet is not an option, steam clean frequently. Remove the animal's favorite furniture as this is a haven for dander.
- Consider bathing the animal weekly to reduce allergen exposure, but realize this may increase dander exposure if the allergic person is doing the washing.
- Change clothes after prolonged playing or exposure to your pet.
- Talk to your doctor about allergy shots or immunotherapy.
Any Pet With Fur Carries Pet Dander Around the Home
Pets every shed a certain quantity of allergen-producing dander per week.
In this sense, there are no hypoallergenic pets but some produce less allergen than others and may be a better choice if you really desire a pet.
Any pet with fur carries pet dander around your home and on you if they hop in your lap. Interestingly, it is a myth that it's the fur of animals that leads to the problems asthmatics experience. Just the same, long-haired animals may be more likely to collect and carry dander compared to animals with shorter hair.
According to the American Lung Association, while dogs are more common in homes compared to cats (32% versus 27%), cat allergies are reported twice as often than dog allergies.
Symptoms of a Pet Allergy
You are likely to experience these symptoms if animal dander gets to your lungs. However, you need to be aware of other symptoms too.
For example, you might only experience allergic-type symptoms such as a runny or stuffy nose. Likewise, you might experience a scratchy throat or watery, itchy eyes.
Finally, if you get scratched you might experience redness on the impacted area or symptoms on an area you self-inoculate (if you touch the area that was scratched or licked and rub it with a hand and then touch your hand to your nose or eyes).
If you are not terribly sensitive or you are not exposed to large amounts of dander, your reaction could happen days later making it more hard to link the pet exposure to symptoms.