What is the best over the counter medicine for dog allergies

Immunotherapy injections

Some allergy sufferers discover relief in allergen immunotherapy, a periodic injection therapy designed to suppress the body’s natural immune responses to the cat allergens.[9][10] In its early stages, AIT utilized cat dander extract, which consists of microscopic dry skin flakes of cats, but later resorted to Fel d 1 due to issues of standardization. One way researchers use Fel 1 d in immunotherapy is through the alteration of its chemical structure. Disulfide bonds between Fel d 1 chains were broken to reduce the binding between the allergen and immunoglobulin E (IgE), inhibiting an allergic response.[1]

Lower exposure

Allergens that are airborne survive for months or even years by themselves, hence removing anything that can trap and hold the allergens (carpet, rugs, pillows) and cleaning regularly and thoroughly with HEPA filters and electrostatic air purifier systems reduces risk.

Frequent hand washing, especially after handling the cat, and washing hands prior to touching eyes, nose, or mouth, and limiting the cat’s access to certain rooms, such as the bedroom or other rooms where much time is spent, may also reduce allergic reactions.

What is the best over the counter medicine for dog allergies

Medications

Cat allergies can often be controlled with over the counter or prescription medications. Antihistamines and decongestants may provide allergy relief.[8]

Cat bathing

Regularly bathing the cat may remove significant amounts of allergens from the fur.[11] After bathing, the levels of Fel d 1 on cat skin and fur return within two days of bathing. In addition, amounts of Fel d 1 in the surrounding air return after a 24 hour period of bathing the cat.[1] Feeding the cat a high quality diet with plenty of omega-3 fatty acids will assist hold the jacket healthy and minimize dander.[6]

Development of other treatments

Development of several human vaccines own been abandoned, including Allervax[12] and Cat-SPIRE.[13] As of 2019, the Swiss company HypoPet AG is developing a vaccine it hopes could be istered to cats to reduce the emission of Fel d 1 proteins.[14]


Body’s response to the allergen

As the allergen enters through the nose or mouth, antigen cells analyze the allergen and present antigenic peptides to helper T cells.[2] The helper T cells acquire a type 2 phenotype (Th2) and produce IgE due the presence of specific cytokines.

If Th2 is expressed too much, the symptoms of cat allergies appear. Inhaled cat allergens will activate mast cells, causing coughing, increased mucous production, and airway constriction.


Hypoallergenic cats

A hypoallergenic cat is a cat that is less likely to provoke an allergic reaction in humans.

What is the best over the counter medicine for dog allergies

Although the topic is controversial, owners’ experience and recent clinical studies propose that Siberian cats, Devon Rex and Cornish Rex cats, Abyssinian cats, Balinese cats, and several other breeds,[citation needed] especially females, are likely to own low levels of Fel d 1, the main allergenic protein.[15]

From among the above cats noted, the most favorite cat breeds to be renowned for their hypoallergenic quality are the Siberian and Balinese. These cats produce much fewer protein allergens in comparison to regular domestic household cats or other cat breeds. Cats that own some Balinese ancestry might produce lower amounts protein allergens.[citation needed] Cat breeds that often own some Balinese lineage include the Oriental shorthair, Oriental longhair, and some Siamese cats.

The common theory among these two hypoallergenic medium- to long-haired cat breeds is that their long-haired gene is associated with producing reduced amounts of allergens. This may be the case as the Balinese cat, a medium to long-haired cat breed (also referred to as the Long-haired Siamese cat) is regarded as hypoallergenic, whereas the Siamese cat, a short-haired breed, is not.

What is the best over the counter medicine for dog allergies

Some Siamese cats might possess hypoallergenic qualities if they own Balinese ancestry. This might provide some evidence that the long-haired genes or traits within this cat breed own resulted in a cat that can genetically produce less amounts of the cat allergens.[citation needed]

In 2006, the Allerca company announced the successful breeding of a line of hypoallergenic cats. However, no peer-reviewed studies own been done to confirm their claims and numerous scientists and consumers are skeptical of the company’s assertions.[16] The company has announced that on January 1, 2010 they will cease their breeding activities.[17]

Another company, Felix Pets, also claims to be developing a breed of hypoallergenic cat.[18]


Symptoms

Symptoms of an allergic reaction to cats range from mild to severe, and include swollen, red, itchy, and watery eyes; nasal congestion, itchy nose, sneezing, chronic sore throat or itchy throat, coughing, wheezing, asthma, hay fever,[5] hives or rash on the face or chest, or itchy skin.

If a cat has scratched, licked, or bitten someone who is allergic to cats, redness and sometimes even swelling of the affected area will happen. For those severely allergic, a reaction may resemble that of someone with a severe food allergy, and such reactions require emergency medical care.[6][7]


External links

Skin prick testing for common allergens such as cat, dust mite, egg, milk, and peanut.

A raised bump with redness around, also known as a wheal and flare, indicates you are allergic.Allergic symptoms to cat dander might include: swollen, red, itchy, and watery eyes; nasal congestion, itchy nose, sneezing, fever, hives, rash, or itchy skin.The Balinese Cat is one example of a hypoallergenic cat because it produces little amounts of the allergen

  • ^Hussain S, Bassett C, Kaplan S, Schneider A, Silverman B (January 2000). «Correlation between the color of cat hair and severity of allergic symptoms in patients with allergic rhinitis». J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 105 (1 Part 2): S5. doi:10.1016/s0091-6749(00)90443-3.
  • ^Cat Allergies, WebMD, http://www.webmd.com/allergies/cat-allergies
  • ^ abChan SK, Leung DY (March 2018).

    «Dog and Cat Allergies: Current State of Diagnostic Approaches and Challenges». Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research. 10 (2): 97–105. doi:10.4168/aair.2018.10.2.97. PMC 5809771. PMID 29411550.

  • ^ abcdBonnet B, Messaoudi K, Jacomet F, Michaud E, Fauquert JL, Caillaud D, Evrard B (2018-04-10). «An update on molecular cat allergens: Fel d 1 and what else? Chapter 1: Fel d 1, the major cat allergen». Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology. 14: 14. doi:10.1186/s13223-018-0239-8. PMC 5891966. PMID 29643919.
  • ^«Human Allergies to Cats».

    Foster & Smith, Inc. Retrieved 9 November 2011.

  • ^full study, cited in the Journal of the American Medical Association
  • ^«Lifestyle Pets». Allerca. Archived from the original on 2009-11-01. Retrieved 2009-11-01.
  • Allergies: as with us, our pets can suffer from allergy-induced itchy, watery eyes 
  • Foreign body: a foreign object in the eye, even eyelashes, can cause the eye to be irritated
  • ^ ab«WebMD — Cat Allergies».

    WebMD, LLC. Retrieved 9 November 2011.

  • Scratched cornea: a scratch on the eye can develop into a more serious condition, such as an ulcer
  • ^Smith W, Butler AJ, Hazell LA, Chapman MD, Pomés A, Nickels DG, Thomas WR (November 2004). «Fel d 4, a cat lipocalin allergen».

    What is the best over the counter medicine for dog allergies

    Clinical and Experimental Allergy. 34 (11): 1732–8. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2222.2004.02090.x. PMID 15544598.

  • ^Jalil-Colome J, de Andrade AD, Birnbaum J, Casanova D, Mège JL, Lanteaume A, Charpin D, Vervloet D (July 1996). «Sex difference in Fel d 1 allergen production». The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 98 (1): 165–8. doi:10.1016/s0091-6749(96)70238-5. PMID 8765830.
  • Glaucoma: a much more serious condition caused by increased pressure within the eye itself
  • Conjunctivitis: the mucus membranes of the eye become inflamed and itchy (This is the most common eye problem among our four-legged friends.) 
  • ^Siebers R, Healy B, Holt S, Peters S, Crane J, Fitzharris P (October 2001).

    «Fel d 1 levels in domestic living rooms are not related to cat color or hair length». The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 108 (4): 652–3.

    What is the best over the counter medicine for dog allergies

    doi:10.1067/mai.2001.118788. PMID 11590399.

  • ^«Archived copy». Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2011-05-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  • ^Pepling, Racheal. (9 June 2006).»Hypoallergenic» Cats For Sale, U.S. Firm Announces.National Geographic News. Accessed 13 March 2010.
  • ^Hedlin G, Graff-Lonnevig V, Heilborn H, Lilja G, Norrlind K, Pegelow K, et al. (May 1991). «Immunotherapy with cat- and dog-dander extracts. V. Effects of 3 years of treatment». The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 87 (5): 955–64. doi:10.1016/0091-6749(91)90417-m.

    PMID 2026846.

  • ^«cited by Allergy New Zealand». Archived from the original on 2006-09-25. Retrieved 2007-03-20.
  • ^Cat Allergy Therapy Fails in Crucial Study
  • ^«Allergy to pets and animals». allergyclinic.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2012-01-02. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
  • ^A Vaccine For Cat Allergies: Here Is The Latest
  • ^Avner DB, Perzanowski MS, Platts-Mills TA, Woodfolk JA (September 1997). «Evaluation of diverse techniques for washing cats: quantitation of allergen removed from the cat and the effect on airborne Fel d 1». The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

    100 (3): 307–12. doi:10.1016/s0091-6749(97)70242-2. PMID 9314341.

  • ^Is there a vaccine for cat allergy?
  • ^ abSatyaraj E, Wedner HJ, Bousquet J (October 2019). «Keep the cat, change the care pathway: A transformational approach to managing Fel d 1, the major cat allergen». Allergy. 74 Suppl 107 (S107): 5–17. doi:10.1111/all.14013. PMID 31498459.
  • ^Varney VA, Edwards J, Tabbah K, Brewster H, Mavroleon G, Frew AJ (August 1997). «Clinical efficacy of specific immunotherapy to cat dander: a double-blind placebo-controlled trial».

    Clinical and Experimental Allergy. 27 (8): 860–7. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2222.1997.1220903.x.

    What is the best over the counter medicine for dog allergies

    PMID 9291281.

  • ^Felis Enigmaticus
  • Entropion: when the eyelashes are turned inward instead of outward, causing the eye to tear, become irritated, and ultimately infected, if not treated

INDICATIONS

Control of pruritus (itching) associated with allergic dermatitis and control of atopic dermatitis in dogs at least 12 months of age.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

Do not use APOQUEL in dogs less than 12 months of age or those with serious infections.

APOQUEL may increase the chances of developing serious infections, and may cause existing parasitic skin infestations or pre-existing cancers to get worse. APOQUEL has not been tested in dogs receiving some medications including some commonly used to treat skin conditions such as corticosteroids and cyclosporine. Do not use in breeding, pregnant, or lactating dogs. Most common side effects are vomiting and diarrhea. APOQUEL has been used safely with numerous common medications including parasiticides, antibiotics and vaccines.

For more information, please see the full Prescribing Information.

References: 1.

Data on file, 2018. Zoetis Services LLC. 2. Data on file, 2019. Zoetis Services LLC.

Overview
Your dog’s eye(s) can become inflamed for a variety of reasons, ranging from conditions that are simple to repair to some that are extremely serious.

Some of the most common are:

  1. Foreign body: a foreign object in the eye, even eyelashes, can cause the eye to be irritated
  2. Glaucoma: a much more serious condition caused by increased pressure within the eye itself
  3. Conjunctivitis: the mucus membranes of the eye become inflamed and itchy (This is the most common eye problem among our four-legged friends.) 
  4. Allergies: as with us, our pets can suffer from allergy-induced itchy, watery eyes 
  5. Scratched cornea: a scratch on the eye can develop into a more serious condition, such as an ulcer
  6. Entropion: when the eyelashes are turned inward instead of outward, causing the eye to tear, become irritated, and ultimately infected, if not treated

There are numerous less common eye conditions that can cause eye inflammation.

Your veterinarian will work to identify what is troubling your teary-eyed friend.

Symptoms
The most common sign your pooch’s eyes are irritated is redness. Additionally, she may blink or squint excessively, hold her eye closed, rub or paw at her eye, and her eye might tear a lot. There may also be some mucus or pus-like discharge around your dog’s eye(s).

Diagnosis/Treatment
If you ponder your pet’s eyes are irritated, you should contact your veterinarian for advice. Numerous of the most common situations need medical attention in order to get better. Your veterinarian will most likely act out a finish ophthalmic examination to determine the cause of the inflammation.

In more serious situations, they may send you to a dog eye expert, also referred to as a veterinary ophthalmologist.

Your veterinarian will advise you regarding the best way to care for your pet’s eye(s). One of the most common treatments is to apply medicated drops or ointment to the affected eye. Having your compadre sit still while you apply the medication can be challenging. For assist with this, watch an expert apply eye drops to a dog.

Prevention
Because there are so numerous diverse causes of eye inflammation, there is no single prevention that works for every situation. To assist your dog reduce the risk of eye problems, check her eyes daily for any obvious signs of irritation, such as redness or tearing.

If you own any questions or concerns, you should always visit or call your veterinarian – they are your best resource to ensure the health and well-being of your pets.

This is a list of allergies, which includes the allergen, potential reactions, and a brief description of the cause where applicable.

INDICATIONS

Control of pruritus (itching) associated with allergic dermatitis and control of atopic dermatitis in dogs at least 12 months of age.

IMPORTANT SAFETY INFORMATION

Do not use APOQUEL in dogs less than 12 months of age or those with serious infections. APOQUEL may increase the chances of developing serious infections, and may cause existing parasitic skin infestations or pre-existing cancers to get worse. APOQUEL has not been tested in dogs receiving some medications including some commonly used to treat skin conditions such as corticosteroids and cyclosporine.

Do not use in breeding, pregnant, or lactating dogs. Most common side effects are vomiting and diarrhea. APOQUEL has been used safely with numerous common medications including parasiticides, antibiotics and vaccines.

For more information, please see the full Prescribing Information.

References: 1. Data on file, 2018. Zoetis Services LLC. 2. Data on file, 2019. Zoetis Services LLC.

Overview
Your dog’s eye(s) can become inflamed for a variety of reasons, ranging from conditions that are simple to repair to some that are extremely serious.

Some of the most common are:

  1. Foreign body: a foreign object in the eye, even eyelashes, can cause the eye to be irritated
  2. Glaucoma: a much more serious condition caused by increased pressure within the eye itself
  3. Conjunctivitis: the mucus membranes of the eye become inflamed and itchy (This is the most common eye problem among our four-legged friends.) 
  4. Allergies: as with us, our pets can suffer from allergy-induced itchy, watery eyes 
  5. Scratched cornea: a scratch on the eye can develop into a more serious condition, such as an ulcer
  6. Entropion: when the eyelashes are turned inward instead of outward, causing the eye to tear, become irritated, and ultimately infected, if not treated

There are numerous less common eye conditions that can cause eye inflammation.

Your veterinarian will work to identify what is troubling your teary-eyed friend.

Symptoms
The most common sign your pooch’s eyes are irritated is redness. Additionally, she may blink or squint excessively, hold her eye closed, rub or paw at her eye, and her eye might tear a lot. There may also be some mucus or pus-like discharge around your dog’s eye(s).

Diagnosis/Treatment
If you ponder your pet’s eyes are irritated, you should contact your veterinarian for advice. Numerous of the most common situations need medical attention in order to get better. Your veterinarian will most likely act out a finish ophthalmic examination to determine the cause of the inflammation.

In more serious situations, they may send you to a dog eye expert, also referred to as a veterinary ophthalmologist.

Your veterinarian will advise you regarding the best way to care for your pet’s eye(s). One of the most common treatments is to apply medicated drops or ointment to the affected eye. Having your compadre sit still while you apply the medication can be challenging. For assist with this, watch an expert apply eye drops to a dog.

Prevention
Because there are so numerous diverse causes of eye inflammation, there is no single prevention that works for every situation. To assist your dog reduce the risk of eye problems, check her eyes daily for any obvious signs of irritation, such as redness or tearing.

If you own any questions or concerns, you should always visit or call your veterinarian – they are your best resource to ensure the health and well-being of your pets.

This is a list of allergies, which includes the allergen, potential reactions, and a brief description of the cause where applicable.


Cat sex and color

Female cats produce a lower level of allergens than males, and neutered males produce a lower level of allergens than unneutered males.[19] In 2000, researchers at the Endless Island College Hospital found that cat owners with dark-colored cats were more likely to report allergy symptoms than those with light-colored cats.[20][21] A later study by the Wellington Asthma Research Group found that fur color had no effect on how much allergen a cat produced.[22][23]


Cat allergens

Eight cat allergens own been recognized by the World Health Organization/International Union of Immunological Societies (WHO/IUIS) Allergen Nomenclature Sub‐Committee.

Fel d 1 is the most prominent cat allergen, accounting for 96% of human cat allergies.[2] The remaining cat allergens are Fel d 2-8, with Fel d 4, an urinary protein, occurring the most in humans among the other seven allergens. Every cats produce Fel d 1 including hypoallergenic cats. The main way these allergens are spread is through a cat’s saliva or dander, which gets stuck on clothing. A study found that 63% of people allergic to cats own antibodies against Fel d 4.[3]

Fel d 1

Fel d 1 is the most dominant cat allergen.

It is part of the secretoglobulin family, which are proteins found only in mammals. Fel d 1 is primarily secreted through the sebaceous glands and can be found on the skin and fur of a cat.

What is the best over the counter medicine for dog allergies

It is less commonly secreted through the salivary gland, lacrimal glands, skin and anal glands.[4]

Fel d 4 and Fel d 7

Fel d 4 and Fel d 7 are cat lipocalins. Fel d 4 and Fel d 7 are one of the most common cat allergens after Fel d 1. Fel d 4 is primarily found in cats’ saliva and is associated with atopic dermatitis in children with cat allergies.[4]


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