What is reactine for allergies
Each white (dye-free), film-coated, scored, ovoid tablet contains 5mg of cetirizine HCl. Nonmedicinal ingredients: cornstarch, hypromellose, lactose, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, povidone, and titanium dioxide.
Each white (dye-free), film-coated, scored, ovoid tablet contains 10mg of cetirizine HCl. Nonmedicinal ingredients: cornstarch, hypromellose, lactose, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, povidone, and titanium dioxide.
Each white (dye-free), film-coated, scored, ovoid tablet contains 20mg of cetirizine HCl.
Nonmedicinal ingredients: cornstarch, hypromellose, lactose, magnesium stearate, polyethylene glycol, povidone, and titanium dioxide.
Each clear, oval, liquid-filled, soft gelatin capsule contains 10 mg of cetirizine. Nonmedicinal ingredients: gelatin, glycerin, lecithin, mannitol, medium chain triglycerides, pharmaceutical ink, polyethylene glycol 400, purified water, sodium hydroxide, sorbitan, and sorbitol.
Each 5mL of colourless, banana-grape flavoured preparation contains 5mg of cetirizine HCl. Nonmedicinal ingredients: acetic acid, artificial grape flavour, artificial banana flavour, glycerin, methyl paraben, propyl paraben, propylene glycol, purified water, sodium acetate, and sugar syrup (sucrose).
Reactine Quick Melt Junior
Each white-to-off-white, circular, flat-faced, bevelled-edged, orally-disintegrating tablet contains 10 mg of cetirizine.
Nonmedicinal ingredients: amino methacrylate copolymer, anhydrous citric acid, colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, flavours, hydroxypropyl cellulose, magnesium stearate, mannitol, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium bicarbonate, sodium starch glycolate, and sucralose.
Reactine Rapid Dissolve
Each white-to-off-white, circular, flat-faced, bevelled-edged, orally-disintegrating tablet contains 10 mg of cetirizine. Nonmedicinal ingredients: amino methacrylate copolymer, anhydrous citric acid, colloidal silicon dioxide, crospovidone, flavours, hydroxypropyl cellulose, magnesium stearate, mannitol, microcrystalline cellulose, sodium bicarbonate, sodium starch glycolate, and sucralose.
Who should NOT take this medication?
Do not take this medication if you:
- are allergic to cetirizine or any ingredients of the medication
- are allergic to hydroxyzine
- have severely reduced kidney function
Benadryl’s availability over-the-counter called into question
For decades, Benadryl has been the most favorite over-the-counter allergy medication in Canada and the United States.
Used according to instructions, the medication has helped relieve allergies, hives and hay fever. «There are numerous other safer options that work as well or better’ than Benadryl and other older antihistamines,» says Dr. David Fischer, one of the authors of a recent position paper from the Canadian Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, according to CBC Canada. The position statement from the Canadian Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology published in early October warns against Benadryl and other first-generation H1 antihistamines as first-line treatments for hay fever and hives.
They claim the medication is overused because it is easily available. The group also claims that Benadryl should be relegated to » behind-the-counter access» in pharmacies. “It dumbfounds us that people still desire to use it,” says Dr. David Fischer a clinical allergist in Barrie, Ont., and an author of the CSACI position statement says of the group of antihistamines that include Benadryl.
H1-antihistamines are clinically used in the treatment of histamine-mediated allergic conditions. H1 antihistamines that are approved for over-the-counter sale, at least in the United States, include: *Brompheniramine (Dimetapp, Dimetane) *Chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton) *Dimenhydrinate (Dramamine, Gravol) – a combination of diphenhydramine and 8-chlorotheophylline *Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) *Doxylamine (Unisom) The H1 antihistamines are considered First Generation medications and are relatively inexpensive and widely available.
In the United States, a package of 24 generic Diphenhydramine 25 mg. tablets can cost about $2.00.
These medications are not only safer, but they act more quickly and do not cause sedation. There are side-effects using antihistamines. Using a medication containing diphenhydramine hydrochloride does own side-effects. They can include sleepiness, dry mouth, weakness, dizziness, and headaches. And you need to hold in mind that your body can build up a tolerance to the medication.
There are also some extremely serious side-effects associated with the use of medications with diphenhydramine hydrochloride, including decreased memory, impaired thinking, dementia, confusion, a quick heartbeat, and seizures. Just remember that Benadryl is not recommended for long-term use and love every medications, instructions for its use should be followed carefully. Health Canada is reviewing the statement from the Canadian Society of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. In a statement to The Canadian Press, Benadryl’s maker, Johnson & Johnson, said, «Benadryl products own been trusted by doctors and moms for more than 60 years to provide effective symptom relief from allergies and allergic reactions.» Jennifer Gerdts, executive director of Food Allergy Canada, told CBC News, «With this statement from CSACI, it’s crystal clear that Benadryl does not own a role in the treatment of allergic reactions.
Parents need to understand that epinephrine is the first line and only recommended treatment to stop a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis).»
How does this medication work? What will it do for me?
Cetirizine belongs to the class of medications called second-generation antihistamines, specifically the class known as histamine receptor antagonists. For adults and children 2 years of age and older, it is used for the relief of symptoms associated with seasonal allergies including sneezing; itchy nose and throat; stuffy and runny nose; and tearing, red, or itchy eyes.
It is also used for the relief of symptoms associated with allergic skin conditions (e.g., chronic idiopathic urticaria) such as itchy skin and hives. For adults and children over the age of 12 years, it is also used for the relief of symptoms associated with year-round allergies and hives.
Cetirizine works by blocking the actions of one of the body’s natural chemicals known as histamine. Histamine is responsible for numerous of the symptoms caused by allergies.
Cetirizine generally starts to relieve allergy symptoms within 20 minutes and lasts for 24 hours.
This medication may be available under multiple brand names and/or in several diverse forms. Any specific brand name of this medication may not be available in every of the forms or approved for every of the conditions discussed here.
As well, some forms of this medication may not be used for every of the conditions discussed here.
Your doctor may own suggested this medication for conditions other than those listed in these drug information articles. If you own not discussed this with your doctor or are not certain why you are taking this medication, speak to your doctor. Do not stop taking this medication without consulting your doctor.
Do not give this medication to anyone else, even if they own the same symptoms as you do. It can be harmful for people to take this medication if their doctor has not prescribed it.
How should I use this medication?
The recommended dose for adults and children 12years of age and older is 5mg to 10mg once daily taken by mouth depending on the severity of the symptoms and circumstances of the person taking the medication.
If 10mg once daily is not enough to control your allergy symptoms, talk to your doctor.
For adults 65 years of age and over, the recommended dose is 5mg once daily.
For children 6 to 12 years of age, the recommended dose is 10mg once daily or 5mg in the morning and in the evening.
For children 2 to 6 years of age, the recommended dose is 5mg (one teaspoon) given once daily, or 2.5mg (one-half teaspoon) of syrup in the morning and evening.
Use an oral syringe to measure each dose of the liquid, as it gives a more precise measurement than household teaspoons.
All forms of cetirizine may be taken with or without food.
Seniors, and people with kidney or liver problems, may need lower doses of this medication.
Children should not use this medication for more than 14 days at a time unless recommended by a doctor.
Many things can affect the dose of medication that a person needs, such as body weight, other medical conditions, and other medications.
If your doctor has recommended a dose diverse from the ones listed here, do not change the way that you are taking the medication without consulting your doctor.
It is significant to take this medication exactly as suggested by your doctor or pharmacist. If you miss a dose, take it as soon as possible and continue with your regular schedule. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dosing schedule.
Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. If you are not certain what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Store this medication at room temperature, protect it from moisture, and hold it out of the reach of children.
Do not dispose of medications in wastewater (e.g.
below the sink or in the toilet) or in household trash. Enquire your pharmacist how to dispose of medications that are no longer needed or own expired.
Are there any other precautions or warnings for this medication?
Before you start using a medication, be certain to inform your doctor of any medical conditions or allergies you may own, any medications you are taking, whether you are pregnant or breast-feeding, and any other significant facts about your health.
These factors may affect how you should use this medication.
Drowsiness/reduced alertness: Studies own shown that cetirizine does not cause drowsiness under normal circumstances. A little percentage of people taking this medication own experienced a degree of drowsiness. Do not drive or operate machinery if you become drowsy while taking this medication.
Reduced kidney function: If you own reduced kidney function, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Reduced liver function: If you own reduced liver function, discuss with your doctor how this medication may affect your medical condition, how your medical condition may affect the dosing and effectiveness of this medication, and whether any special monitoring is needed.
Pregnancy: This medication should not be used during pregnancy unless the benefits outweigh the risks.
If you become pregnant while taking this medication, contact your doctor immediately.
Breast-feeding: It is not known if cetirizine passes into breast milk. If you are a breast-feeding mom and are taking this medication, it may affect your baby.
Talk to your doctor about whether you should continue breast-feeding.
Children: The safety and effectiveness of using this medication for seasonal allergies and allergic skin conditions own not been established for children less than 2 years of age. The safety and effectiveness of using this medication for year-round allergies own not been established for children 12 years of age and under.
Seniors: Seniors may be more sensitive to the effects of cetirizine. Therefore, a lower starting dose may be recommended by your doctor or pharmacist.
What side effects are possible with this medication?
Many medications can cause side effects. A side effect is an unwanted response to a medication when it is taken in normal doses.
Side effects can be mild or severe, temporary or permanent.
The side effects listed under are not experienced by everyone who takes this medication. If you are concerned about side effects, discuss the risks and benefits of this medication with your doctor.
The following side effects own been reported by at least 1% of people taking this medication. Numerous of these side effects can be managed, and some may go away on their own over time.
Contact your doctor if you experience these side effects and they are severe or bothersome.
Your pharmacist may be capable to advise you on managing side effects.
- abdominal pain
- dry mouth
- irritated or sore throat
Although most of the side effects listed under don’t happen extremely often, they could lead to serious problems if you do not seek medical attention.
Check with your doctor as soon as possible if any of the following side effects occur:
- difficult or painful urination
- pounding, quick, or irregular heartbeat
Stop taking the medication and seek immediate medical attention if any of the following occur:
- difficulty breathing
- swelling of the mouth or throat
Some people may experience side effects other than those listed. Check with your doctor if you notice any symptom that worries you while you are taking this medication.