What helps allergies while pregnant
Pregnant women can often feel faint. This is due to hormonal changes. Fainting happens if your brain is not getting enough blood and, therefore, not enough oxygen.
You are most likely to feel faint if you stand up too quickly from a chair or out of a bath, but it can also happen when you are lying on your back. Read more about the causes of fainting.
Avoiding feeling faint
Here are some tips to assist avoid feeling faint:
- if you feel faint when standing still, discover a seat quickly and the faintness should pass – if it doesn’t, lie below on your side
- try to get up slowly after sitting or lying down
- if you feel faint while lying on your back, turn onto your side
It’s better not to lie flat on your back in later pregnancy or during labour. You should avoid going to sleep on your back after 28 weeks as it has been linked to a higher risk of stillbirth.
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Constipation in pregnancy
The hormonal changes in your body may cause you to become constipated extremely early on in your pregnancy.
To assist prevent constipation, you can:
- exercise regularly to hold your muscles toned – read more about exercise in pregnancy
- drink plenty of water
- eat foods that are high in fibre, such as wholemeal breads and cereals, fruit and vegetables, and pulses such as beans and lentils – read more about having a healthy diet in pregnancy
- avoid iron supplements, which can make you constipated – ask your doctor if you can either manage without them or change to a diverse type
You can read more about constipation, including symptoms and treatment.
Skin and hair changes in pregnancy
Hormonal changes taking put in pregnancy will make your nipples and the area around them go darker.
Your skin colour may also darken a little, either in patches or every over.
Birthmarks, moles and freckles may also darken. Some women develop a dark line below the middle of their stomach. These changes will gradually fade after the baby is born, although your nipples may remain a little darker.
If you sunbathe while pregnant, you may discover you burn more easily. Protect your skin with a high-factor sunscreen and don’t stay in the sun for a endless time.
Read more about keeping skin safe in the sun.
Hair growth can also increase in pregnancy, and your hair may be greasier.
After the baby is born, it may seem as if you’re losing a lot of hair, but you’re just losing the additional hair you grew in pregnancy.
Cramp in pregnancy
Cramp is a sudden, sharp pain, generally in your calf muscles or feet. It’s most common at night. Nobody really knows why it happens, but there are some ideas about causes of cramp and why it can happen in pregnancy.
Regular tender exercise in pregnancy, particularly ankle and leg movements, will improve your circulation and may assist prevent cramp. Attempt these foot exercises:
- rotate your foot 8 times one way and 8 times the other way
- bend and stretch your foot vigorously up and below 30 times
- repeat with the other foot
How to ease cramp
It generally helps if you tug your toes hard up towards your ankle or rub the muscle hard.
Feeling hot in pregnancy
You’re likely to feel warmer than usual during pregnancy.
This is due to hormonal changes and an increase in blood supply to the skin. You’re also likely to sweat more.
It can assist if you:
- keep your room cool – you could use an electric fan
- wear loose clothing made of natural fibres, as these are more absorbent and breathable than synthetic fibres
- wash frequently to assist you feel fresh
Incontinence in pregnancy
Incontinence is a common problem during and after pregnancy. Pregnant women are sometimes unable to prevent a sudden spurt of pee or a little leak when they cough, giggle, sneeze, move suddenly or just get up from a sitting position.
This may be temporary, because the pelvic floor muscles (the muscles around the bladder) relax slightly to prepare for the baby’s delivery.
You can discover out more about:
When to get help
In numerous cases, incontinence is curable. If you own a problem, talk to your midwife, doctor or health visitor.
Peeing a lot in pregnancy
Needing to pee a lot often starts in early pregnancy and sometimes continues until the baby is born. In later pregnancy, it’s caused by the baby’s head pressing on your bladder.
How to reduce the need to pee
If you discover you need to get up in the night to pee, attempt cutting out drinks in the tardy evening.
However, make certain you drink plenty of non-alcoholic, caffeine-free drinks during the day.
Later in pregnancy, some women discover it helps to rock backwards and forwards while they’re on the toilet. This lessens the pressure of the womb on the bladder so you can empty it properly.
When to get help
If you own any pain while peeing or you pass any blood in your pee, you may own a urine infection, which will need treatment.
Drink plenty of water to dilute your pee and reduce pain. You should contact your GP within 24 hours of noticing these symptoms.
Read more about symptoms and treatment of urinary infections.
Don’t take any medicines without asking your midwife, doctor or pharmacist whether they’re safe in pregnancy.