What dogs are good for asthma and allergies
Unfortunately, there is no such thing as a “hypoallergenic” dog. It is true that some dogs own skin rather than fur, others own short rather than endless hair, but every own the potential to stimulate the allergic response in some human beings. Persons with asthma and allergies will tell you that some dogs predictably bring on their symptoms and others do not. However, the sensitivity varies from person to person, and one cannot predict whether any specific strain of dogs will be entirely safe for any given person with allergies.
In fact, the allergic response is complicated. It is possible that you will own no immediate allergic reaction to a dog but rather gradually develop an allergic sensitivity over a period of months and years of continuous exposure.
It is also possible that your allergic reaction will not be sudden and dramatic (such as itchy eyes, watery nose, and wheezing upon petting the dog). It may be slow and subtle such as a gradual worsening of your asthma and increased need for anti-asthmatic medications.
This is not to tell that persons with asthma cannot own pet dogs. Numerous do, and do not experience allergic symptoms when in contact with the dog. They do not own — and do not develop — any allergic sensitivity to their animals. But for you to bring a new pet dog into your home is a gamble. It is possible that your asthma and allergies may worsen as a result, no matter which breed you choose.
If you are considering obtaining a pet, remember: human beings can make allergic reactions to warm-blooded animals and birds, not to reptiles and amphibians!
If you own pet allergies, chances are it is Fluffy rather than Fido that’s making you sneeze.
While an estimated 10 percent of people are allergic to household pets, cat allergies are twice as common as dog allergies, according to the American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology.
Among children, about one in seven between ages 6 and 19 prove to be allergic to cats.
Contrary to favorite belief, it’s not cat fur that causes those itchy, watery eyes. Most people with cat allergies react to a protein found on cat skin called Fel d 1.
The reason that cat allergies are more common has to do with the size and shape of the protein molecule, rather than how much dander the animal sheds, according to Mark Larché, an immunology professor at McMaster University in Ontario.
The protein enters the air on bits of cat hair and skin, and it is so little and light — it’s about one-tenth the size of a dust allergen — that it can stay airborne for hours.
«Dog allergens don’t stay airborne the same way cat allergens do. The particle size is just correct to breathe deep into your lungs,» Larché said.
The Fel d 1 protein is also incredibly sticky, readily glomming onto human skin and clothes and remaining there, making it ubiquitous in the environment. It has been found in places where there are no cats — classrooms, doctors’ offices, even the Arctic, Larché said.
While there are no truly hypoallergenic cat breeds — every cats produce the protein, which experts surmise may own something do with pheromone signaling — some cats make more of it than others.
«Male cats, especially unneutered males, produce more Fel d 1 than female cats.
Testosterone increases glandular secretions,» said Dr. Andrew Kim, an allergist at the Allergy and Asthma Centers of Fredricksburg and Fairfax, in Virginia.
If you own cat allergies, there are steps you can take to reduce them. Avoiding contact with cats is one option, though not always a favorite choice. Even after a cat is taken out of a home, allergen levels may remain high for up to six months, Kim said.
Limiting a cat’s access to the bedrooms of allergic people, using high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters, bathing the cat and removing allergen-trapping carpeting may also help.
For those who can’t avoid cat dander, allergy shots may be an option.
Little injections of the allergen can assist build immune system tolerance over time. «It takes about six months of weekly injections of increasing potency to reach a maintenance level, followed by three to five years of monthly injections, for the therapy to reach full effectiveness,» said Dr. Jackie Eghrari-Sabet, an allergist and founder of Family Allergy and Asthma Care in Gaithersburg, Md.
A less burdensome repair for cat allergies may be on the horizon. Phase 3 clinical trials are set to start this drop for a cat allergy vaccine that Larché helped develop.
Early tests own shown the vaccine to be safe and effective without some of the side effects of allergy shots, such as skin reactions and difficulty breathing. Larché receives research funding from pharmaceutical companies Adiga Life Sciences and Circassia.
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en españolSi tengo asma, ¿puedo conservar mi mascota?
Lots of people with asthma are allergic to animals.
Some can hold their pets — and others can’t. It depends on a person’s asthma and if having a pet (like a dog, cat, or even a parrot!) makes symptoms worse.
How Can I Deal With Animal Allergens?
If your pet triggers your asthma, these tips might help:
- Play with your pet but attempt not hug it or kiss it.
- Have someone else wash and brush your pet every week (cats as well as dogs).
- Keep your room free of dust.
- Start taking allergy medicine or getting allergy shots in addition to your asthma medicine.
- Keep your pet out of your room.
- Clean your room really well and get rid of any rugs or wall-to-wall carpeting.
- Make certain everyone in your family washes their hands after touching the pet.
If you own a bird, gerbil, or other little caged animal, move the cage out of your room.
Make certain your pet stays in its cage at every times.
Own someone else clean the cage daily. Also make certain that the pet’s cage isn’t near any drafts. If the cage is sitting next to a heating or cooling vent, it could blow pet allergens through the room.
What If I Own to Tell Goodbye to My Pet?
If you attempt every these things and are still having lots of asthma flare-ups, you might need to discover another home for your pet. You may feel lots of diverse emotions — from sadness to anger. These feelings might be so strong that they make it hard to eat, sleep, or concentrate. This is a natural part of losing something that is precious to you.
How you handle things depends on your personality.
You may desire to be so busy so that you aren’t home to miss your pet, or you may desire to spend time every day looking at pictures of you together.
There is no correct or incorrect way to handle feelings of loss.
You might discover it helpful to talk about it with friends, family, or a counselor.
It takes months for an animal’s allergens to leave the home, so it might take a while before your symptoms improve.
What’s an Animal Allergen?
Things that make asthma worse are calledallergens. Some people own animal allergens, which means they’re allergic to the proteins found in:
- animal dander (skin flakes, helpful of love animal dandruff)
- animal saliva (spit)
- animal urine (pee)
Besides carrying dander, spit, or pee, animal fur or feathers also can collect other things that can make asthma symptoms worse, like:
- dust mites (tiny bugs)
- pollen (from plants)
And any animal that lives in a cage — from birds to gerbils — will own droppings that get mold and dust mites on them too.
What About Other Animals?
Even if you no longer own a pet at home, you’re still going to be around animals from time to time.
If you go to home where there is a pet, take any prescription allergy medicine before going and own your quick-relief medicine with you.
Understand your pet allergies
It is significant to see a doctor and be tested to determine what allergies you actually own. You may discover that you’re allergic to something else and not your pet at all! For example, you may assume that you are allergic to your beloved dog, only to discover out through an allergy test that you’re actually allergic to a specific tree pollen that got on his fur during a stroll together, and that’s actually what’s bothering you.
If an allergy test shows that you are allergic to your pet, it is significant to understand what causes your allergic reaction to them.
There are allergy-triggering proteins called allergens in saliva and skin glands that cling to an animal’s dry skin (dander) and fur. The fur and dander then stick to walls, carpets and clothing.
The reaction of someone to these allergens is diverse from one person to the next. The reaction may range from mild sniffling and sneezing to life-threatening asthma. The reaction can be made worse if a person is additionally exposed to other things he is allergic too, such as pollen, dust mites, cigarette smoke, and mold.
Whether someone has an allergic reaction depends on both the individual person and the individual animal.
A person with animal allergies may react less to dogs with soft, constantly growing hair, or one specific cat or dog may cause more or less of an allergic reaction than another animal of that same breed.
You may hear claims about breeds of dogs and cats that are non-allergenic (don’t cause an allergic reaction) or cats and dogs that are hypoallergenic (cause less of an allergic reaction). However, even hairless breeds may cause a severe allergic reaction.
Be happy you didn’t let allergies break up a beautiful relationship
It is worth it to preserve the bond between you and your pet by checking if you are truly allergic to your pet and, if you are, to attempt these solutions.
Join the large number of animal lovers who manage their allergies and live happily and healthily with their beloved pets.
Breath of Unused Air: Feature Articles
Reduce the allergens and your symptoms
If you are allergic to your pet and your reactions aren’t life-threatening, there are numerous ways to reduce indoor allergens and allergy symptoms so you and your pet can live together more comfortably.
If your or a family member’s allergies are simply miserable, but not life-threatening, take these five steps to reduce the symptoms:
1. Create an «allergy free» zone in your home—preferably the allergic person’s bedroom—and strictly prohibit the pet’s access to it.
Use a high-efficiency HEPA air cleaner, and consider using impermeable covers for the mattress and pillows.
2. Use HEPA air cleaners throughout the relax of the home, and avoid dust-and-dander-catching furnishings such as cloth curtains and blinds and carpeted floors. Clean frequently and thoroughly to remove dust and dander, washing articles such as sofa covers and pillows, curtains, and pet beds.
3. Bathe your pet on a weekly basis to reduce the level of allergy-causing dander (shed ancient skin cells).
Cats can get used to being bathed, but it’s critical to only use products labeled for them; kittens may need a shampoo safe for kittens.
Check with your veterinarian’s staff or a excellent book on pet care for directions about safe bathing, It’s a excellent thought to use a shampoo recommended by your veterinarian or other animal care professional.
4. Don’t be quick to blame the family pet for allergies. Enquire your allergist to specifically test for allergies to pet dander. Numerous allergy sufferers are sensitive to more than one allergen.
Reduce the overall allergen level in your environment by concentrating on every of the causes, not just the pet allergy.
5. Attempt treatments. Additional treatments for allergies to pets are include immunotherapy (allergy shots), steroidal and antihistamine nose sprays and antihistamine pills. It is significant to discover an allergist who understands your commitment to living with your pet. A combination of approaches—medical control of symptoms, excellent housecleaning methods, and immunotherapy—is most likely to succeed in allowing an allergic person to live with pets.