What do you give dogs for skin allergies
See Every Hydrolysed Prescription Diets
Suitable for: FOOD ALLERGIES — Elimination trials to diagnose a food allergy / Maintenance diet for some dogs with food allergies
Less suitable for: CONTACT ALLERGIES or ATOPY — in general these conditions can be most benefited from a skin care diet or a fish-based diet.
A hydrolysed veterinary diet is the gold standard for completing an elimination diet trial. An elimination diet trial may be recommended by your vet to assist determine whether your pet has a true food allergy. It involves feeding nothing but the hydrolysed diet for a few weeks, and then introducing one new protein every week to ‘test’ whether your dog has a reaction.
In some cases, a hydrolysed diet may be fed endless term if a dog is found to be overly sensitive and the diet is the only thing that gives them relief.
How do they work? Hydrolysed diets typically contain protein that has undergone a process called ‘hydrolysation’ — this is where the protein structure is broken below into its component amino acids. Hydrolysation is a process that reduces the ‘allergenicity’ of the protein, making it so little that it’s unlikely to trigger an immune reaction. Diets that drop into this category are Prescription and Veterinary diets and can therefore only be recommended by your veterinarian.
These diets own been formulated under pharmaceutical grade conditions.
This means that the manufacturer has undertaken additional processing steps to eliminate contamination with other protein sources. This is done through rigorous cleaning of every production equipment followed by testing of the equipment for traces of proteins before production begins.
What are allergies?
Allergies are sensitivities to things found in our everyday environments love dust and pollen, according to the National Animal Supplement Council (NASC).
Typically, these things aren’t harmful to dogs (or humans).
Yet, your immune system may feel differently and react to an otherwise harmless substance as dangerous. Normally, the immune system protects your dog from infection and disease, but when it comes to allergies the immune system can actually be harmful to the body, according to the VAC.
When this happens the immune system responds by releasing histamines that can cause inflammation, swelling and itching. Inflammation then causes the various signs associated with an allergic reaction.
How to assist prevent an allergic reaction?
Unfortunately, there’s no cure for allergies.
You can’t prevent your dog from having allergies.
However, there are things you can do to assist hold their symptoms and discomfort under control.
First, you own to identify the underlying cause, be it seasonal, food, flea, etc. From there you can assist your dog avoid those allergens.
Carvalho explained that sometimes a prescription diet could be necessary along with using flea/ectoparasite control every year circular. Pet owners should also hold an eye out for and treat any itches so that they don’t lead to inflamed and infected skin and ears.
Because excellent health for your canine companion is always in season (unlike pollen, thankfully).
What are allergy symptoms?
Dogs often react to allergies by scratching or biting to attempt and relieve itching which can them lead to redness and inflammation.
Here are symptoms to glance for:
- Runny nose
- Licking of the paws and anus
- Respiratory congestion
- Watery eyes
- Hair loss Itching Ear infections
- Shaking their head and scratching one or both ears
- Smelly and/or “dirty” ears
- Itchy flaky skin (pruritus)
- Patchy skin or skin irregularities
By Caroline Fontein, Pet Lifestyle Contributor
Gnawing on their paws love you swear they were covered in peanut butter?
Enough jingle jangle from scratching around their collar it sounds love Santa is coming? Watery eyes, red ears and incessant sneezing?
Sounds love it might be allergy season for your pup.
Just love in humans, seasonal and environmental allergies can cause discomfort and be a problem for dogs. Unfortunately, identifying these symptoms as allergies isn’t always easy.
Since your dog can’t exactly tell you what’s incorrect, it’s up to pet parents to glance for the signs. Yelp! Woof!
So, how can you tell if your precious pup might be suffering from allergies?
We consulted with Doctor of Veterinary Medicine and one of our Veterinary Advisory Board members Kim Carvalho to discover out.
Carvalho is a Board-Certified Diplomate of the American Board of Veterinary Practitioners and is a Clinical Professor at Western University’s College of Veterinary Medicine in Pomona, Calif.
She currently serves as one of the Medical Directors.
First a little about allergies.
How to tell if your dog has seasonal allergies versus food allergies?
“It can sometimes be hard to tell whether a dog has seasonal vs food allergies,” said Carvalho. “Seasonal allergies tend to be a certain time of year, historically spring or drop. However with severe changes in our weather pattern, I’m seeing a continuation of seasonal allergies in southern California.”
Food allergies tend to be year circular, but the sudden onset of symptoms, can make it hard to tell.
Plus, when it comes to food, even if you haven’t changed anything in your dog’s diet, there’s always the chance that your food manufacturer may own changed their formula.
The new ingredients could be causing a reaction.
How to assist your dog feel better?
If your dog has ongoing symptoms, you notice a change in their behavior and/or you just feel concerned, we always recommend taking your little one to the vet.
With environmental/seasonal allergens it can be hard if not impossible to identify and remove triggers.
“Over the counter antihistamines such as Benadryl (diphenhydramine), Claritin (loratadine), Zyrtec (cetirizine) own been used. Frequent bathing can assist as well, and of course, for severe allergic patients, prescription medication is used for itching love Prednisone, Cytopoint, Apoquel and antibiotics/anti-yeast medication for secondary infections,” said Carvalho.
How common are allergies in dogs?
Whether it’s from the environment or food, allergies are common in pets.
So, there’s a excellent chance your dog might own them.
What might cause an allergic reaction doesn’t tend to change with age, but certain breeds are more predisposed to allergies than other breeds, said Carvalho.
What are natural remedies to assist relieve allergy symptoms for dogs?
Just love with humans, figuring out other ways to assist relieve allergy symptoms for your dog can take some trial and error.
Here are a few recommendations:
- Fatty acid supplements: These can assist soothe itchy and irritated skin, according to the NASC.
- Regular bathing with hypoallergenic shampoos: This can assist remove possible allergens love pollen and grass that your dog may come in contact with as part of your daily routine.
- More ways to help: Some people use remedies love tea tree oil, coconut oil, fish oils or other omegas and oatmeal shampoo, according to Carvalho.
At SmartyPaws, our multifunctional health supplements include omega-3 EPA & DHA fatty acids (from fish oil) and organic turmeric.
These ingredients support a normal inflammatory response and dogs with seasonal and environmental allergies.
We also use additional omegas, including omega-3 ALA from organic chia seeds and alfalfa, to assist promote healthy skin, maintain normal moisture content and support animals with sensitive skin.
In addition to providing support for dogs with seasonal and environmental allergies and sensitive skin, our SmartyPaws chews support joint, gut, immune and urinary tract health — every in one simple serving.
If you desire to give your dog an antihistamine, love Benadryl, here are some things to consider:
- While typically safe, every dog reacts differently to antihistamines, according to the VCA.
They may cause drowsiness in some dogs and hyperactivity in others.
- If you purchase an over the counter medicine for your dog, check the label to make certain it doesn’t contain any other ingredients love decongestants or pseudoephedrine, which are NOT safe for dogs.
- It’s also significant to note that dosage for humans and dogs will not be the same.
We recommend talking to your veterinarian before giving your dog any over-the-counter medication to ensure the dose is precise and that there are no adverse reactions with any other medications they may be taking.
So what’s causing the allergic reaction?
Just love humans, a large number of substances can be allergens, and each dog is allergic to diverse things, according to Carvalho.
Some common environmental allergens are:
- Flea saliva
Also, just love humans, dogs can own food allergies too.
In this article we’re focusing on seasonal allergies. However, if you notice any of the under symptoms, we always recommend seeing your vet for a proper diagnosis as both food and environmental allergens can cause similar reactions.
How are seasonal allergies diagnosed?
Identifying seasonal allergies can be hard because both seasonal and environmental allergies can own similar symptoms explained Carvalho.
Dogs with food allergies can own symptoms that manifest in the skin and in the gastrointestinal tract (i.e. diarrhea).
There are diverse ways that seasonal allergies can be diagnosed, according to PetMD. One common method is an intradermal skin test.
Very similar to allergy testing in humans, with this method, a little quantity of test allergens are injected under your dog’s skin. Allergens are then identified by which injections cause redness, swelling and hives.
Using those results, your vet can create a specialized serum or immunotherapy shot that can be istered by the vet or at home.
Your vet may recommend other ways to diagnose the cause of your dog’s allergies depending upon their symptoms.
Dog skin allergies
According to the American Kennel Club, skin allergies are the most common type of allergic reactions in dogs.
Environmental allergens are one of the main causes.
Dust, pollen, and mold are every environmental allergens (among other triggers) that can cause allergic reactions or atopic dermatitis.
Often times, these are seasonal. So you may only notice your dog itching during certain times of the year.
The most commonly affected areas are the paws and ears, but the wrists, ankles, muzzle, underarms, groin, eyes and in between the toes may also be affected.
One concern with skin allergies is that they can lead to secondary infections.
Your dog may attempt to scratch, bite or lick his or her skin for relief which can then make him or her susceptible to yeast and bacterial infections.
Chews the SmartyPaws for Your Dog
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What Is The Best Dog Food for Skin Allergies?
LAST UPDATED 6 JANUARY 2020
This article is written by Pet Circle veterinarian, Dr Carla Paszkowski
Do you suspect that your dog may own an allergy? You definitely aren’t alone. Itchy skin is one of the most common issues that dogs are presented to the vet for. In most cases, the cause of itchy skin is an allergy — either to a contact allergen, insect bite, or a food ingredient.
Shop Best Dog Foods for Skin Allergies Now
Skip to a section:
How common are food allergies in dogs?
Different Approaches for Diverse Allergies
Skin Care Diets
3. Novel protein diets
4. Fish-based diets
5. Home-cooked diets
Summary: Our Complete Comparison Table of allergy diets for dogs
A diverse approach for diverse dogs
«For dogs with a food allergy, the primary goal is to feed them a diet free from the causal allergen.
For dogs with any other type of allergy, tell to grass, the primary goal is less about restricting certain ingredients, and more about providing additional skin supporting nutrients love omega fatty acids.»
Please be aware that only nutrition is discussed here.
The most common causes of itchy skin in dogs are related to atopy, seasonal allergies or fleas. For a finish guide to the causes of itchy skin in dogs, see Dr Carla’s article ‘Here’s Why Your Dog Won’t Stop Scratching’.
Top Hydrolysed Diets for Allergies
Royal Canin Anallergenic
Using a hydrolysed feather protein source, this diet is currently the gold standard for diagnosing and managing food allergies.
Royal Canin Hypoallergenic
Great for diagnosing and managing food allergies, this diet may more cost-effective for large breed dogs who tolerate a soy-based diet.
Hill’s Prescription Diet Z/D
This completely hydrolysed diet is perfect for elimination trials. It includes essential fatty acids and clinically proven antioxidants.
Royal Canin Sensitivity Control
Combining a hydrolysed protein with a novel protein (duck) and carbohydrate (tapioca), this diet is grand for sensitive skin or stomach.
What are the drawbacks of a hydrolysed protein diet?
- The cost. As you can imagine, the additional processing and care taken to produce these diets isn’t cheap
- May not be suitable for dogs with pancreatitis
- Lack of evidence documenting whether dogs allergic to the parent protein will actually tolerate a hydrolysed product
- Reduced palatability
- Some diets are contraindicated in puppies, pregnant and lactating dogs
- A veterinary prescription is required before purchasing.
Click here to discover the diet recommended by your veterinarian
Skin Care Diets
See Every Skin Care Diets
Suitable for: MILD SKIN ALLERGIES / SENSITIVE SKIN — Including contact allergies, insect allergies, or allergies of unknown cause
Less suitable for: FOOD ALLERGIES — as these often (but not always) contain poultry products and other common allergens. Food allergy dogs are better suited to a hydrolysed or a novel protein diet.
For the purpose of this classification, ‘skin care diets’ refers to those diets which are available without a prescription, which are formulated for the purpose of providing additional skin support.
Generally these are considered to be ‘everyday’ diets, with added skin care nutrients.
These ‘general skin care’ diets are perfect for dogs who own mild but persistent skin issues such as dry skin, seasonal allergies, or allergies of unknown cause.
How Common are Food Allergies in Dogs?
Does itchy skin = food allergy? You may own read about food allergies in dogs and how they often manifest in itchy skin. This is diverse to food allergies in humans, which generally present as gastrointestinal upset (or anaphylaxis, if you are highly allergic!).
However, don’t drop into the trap of assuming your dog’s itchy skin must be caused by a food allergy. If you consult ‘Dr ‘, you are likely to read a lot about how food allergies, particularly grain allergies, are a major cause of itchy skin in dogs.
The truth is, true food allergies are not every that common in dogs — only about 5% of dogs harbour a true food allergy. It’s actually much more common for your dog to be allergic to environmental allergens such as plants, pollens, insects, and dust mites. And when a true allergy does exist, the most common allergies are to meat proteins including chicken, beef, or pork, rather than grains.
But regardless of whether your dog truly has a food allergy, or is simply suffering from allergy to plants, nutrition will always assist.