What causes wheat allergy in babies
If your kid is having a mild or moderate allergic reaction, her symptoms might include one or more of the following:
Note that if your kid has diarrhoea, stomach pain or vomiting after an insect sting, it means he’s having a severe allergic reaction.
Food additives and children
Food contains additives for numerous reasons, such as to preserve it, to help make it safe to eat for longer, and to give colour or texture.
All food additives go through strict safety testing before they can be used. Food labelling must clearly show additives in the list of ingredients, including their name or «E» number and their function, such as «colour» or «preservative».
A few people own adverse reactions to some food additives, love sulphites, but reactions to ordinary foods, such as milk or soya, are much more common.
Read more about food colours and hyperactivity.
How Is an Allergic Reaction to Wheat Treated?
If your kid has a wheat allergy (or any helpful of serious food allergy), the doctor will desire him or her to carry an epinephrine auto-injector in case of an emergency.
An epinephrine auto-injector is a prescription medicine that comes in a little, easy-to-carry container. It’s simple to use. Your doctor will show you how. Kids who are ancient enough can be taught how to give themselves the injection.
If they carry the epinephrine, it should be nearby, not left in a locker or in the nurse’s office.
Wherever your kid is, adult caregivers should always know where the epinephrine is, own simple access to it, and know how to give the shot. Staff at your child’s school should know about the allergy and own an action plan in put. Your child’s save medications (such as epinephrine) should be accessible at every times.
Every second counts in an allergic reaction. If your kid starts having serious allergic symptoms, love swelling of the mouth or throat or difficulty breathing, give the epinephrine auto-injector correct away.
Also give it correct away if the symptoms involve two diverse parts of the body, love hives with vomiting. Then call 911 and take your kid to the emergency room. Your kid needs to be under medical supervision because even if the worst seems to own passed, a second wave of serious symptoms can happen.
It’s also a excellent thought to carry an over-the-counter (OTC) antihistamine for your kid as this can assist treat mild allergy symptoms. Use after — not as a replacement for — the epinephrine shot during life-threatening reactions.
What Is a Wheat Allergy?
When someone is allergic to wheat, the body’s immune system, which normally fights infections, overreacts to proteins in the wheat.
If the person eats something made with wheat, the body thinks these proteins are harmful invaders and responds by working extremely hard to fight off the invader. This causes an allergic reaction.
Wheat allergy is more common in kids than adults, and numerous children seem to "outgrow" their wheat allergy over time.
Sheet final reviewed: 24 July 2018
Next review due: 24 July 2021
en españolAlergia al trigo
What Are the Signs & Symptoms of a Wheat Allergy?
When someone with a wheat allergy has something with wheat in it, the body releases chemicals love . This can cause symptoms such as:
- trouble breathing
- itchy, watery, or swollen eyes
- red spots
- throat tightness
- belly pain
- a drop in blood pressure, causing lightheadedness or loss of consciousness (passing out)
Allergic reactions to wheat can differ.
Sometimes the same person can react differently at diverse times. Some reactions can be extremely mild and involve only one system of the body, love hives on the skin.
Other reactions can be more severe and involve more than one part of the body.
Wheat allergy can cause a severe allergic reaction calledanaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis might start with some of the same symptoms as a less severe reaction, but can quickly get worse. The person may own trouble breathing or pass out. More than one part of the body might be involved. If it isn’t treated, anaphylaxis can be life-threatening.
Managing a severe food reaction with epinephrine
A wheat allergy reaction can cause symptoms that range from mild to life-threatening; the severity of each reaction is unpredictable. People who own previously experienced only mild symptoms may suddenly experience a life-threatening reaction known as anaphylaxis.
In the U.S., food allergy is the leading cause of anaphylaxis exterior the hospital setting.
Epinephrine (adrenaline) is the first-line treatment for anaphylaxis, which can happen within seconds or minutes, can worsen quickly and can be deadly. In this type of allergic reaction, exposure to the allergen causes the whole-body release of a flood of chemicals that can lead to lowered blood pressure and narrowed airways, among other serious symptoms.
Once you’re diagnosed with a food allergy, your allergist will likely prescribe an epinephrine auto-injector and teach you how to use it.
Check the expiration date of your auto-injector, note the expiration date on your calendar and enquire your pharmacy about reminder services for prescription renewals.
Be certain to own two doses available, as the severe reaction may recur. If you own had a history of severe reactions, take epinephrine as soon as you suspect you own eaten an allergy-causing food or if you feel a reaction starting. Epinephrine should be used immediately if you experience severe symptoms such as shortness of breath, repetitive coughing, feeble pulse, generalized hives, tightness in the throat, trouble breathing or swallowing, or a combination of symptoms from diverse body areas such as hives, rashes or swelling coupled with vomiting, diarrhea or abdominal pain.
Repeated doses of epinephrine may be necessary.
If you are uncertain whether a reaction warrants epinephrine, use it correct away, because the benefits of epinephrine far outweigh the risk that a dose may not own been necessary.
Common side effects of epinephrine may include anxiety, restlessness, dizziness and shakiness. Rarely, the medication can lead to abnormal heart rate or rhythm, heart attack, a sharp increase in blood pressure, and fluid buildup in the lungs. Patients with certain pre-existing conditions, such as diabetes or heart disease, may be at higher risk for adverse effects and should speak to their allergist about using epinephrine.
Your allergist will provide you with a written emergency treatment plan that outlines which medications should be istered and when (note that between 10 and 20 percent of life-threatening severe allergic reactions own no skin symptoms).
Be certain that you understand how to properly and promptly use an epinephrine auto-injector.
Once epinephrine has been istered, immediately call 911 and inform the dispatcher that epinephrine was given and that more may be needed from the emergency responders.
Other medications, such as antihistamine and corticosteroids, may be prescribed to treat symptoms of a food allergy, but it is significant to note that there is no substitute for epinephrine — this is the only medication that can reverse the life-threatening symptoms of anaphylaxis.
What Else Should I Know?
If allergy testing shows that your kid has a wheat allergy, the doctor will give you guidelines on keeping your kid safe.
Your kid must completely avoid products made with wheat. Although most allergic reactions to wheat happen after eating a wheat product, sometimes people can react to raw wheat that they breathe in (such as a baker who inhales flour in the workplace).
Natural food stores and the health food section in grocery stores generally own safe alternatives, including wheat-free breads, crackers, and breakfast cereals. Also, glance for substitute flours made from potato, rice, wheat, barley, oats, and corn. For information on foods to avoid, check sites such as the Food Allergy Research and Education network (FARE).
Always read food labels to see if a food contains wheat.
Manufacturers of foods sold in the United States must state whether foods contain any of the top eight most common allergens, including wheat. The label should list "wheat" in the ingredient list or tell "Contains wheat" after the list.
Some foods glance OK from the ingredient list, but while being made they can come in contact with wheat. This is called cross-contamination. Glance for advisory statements such as "May contain wheat," "Processed in a facility that also processes wheat," or "Manufactured on equipment also used for wheat." Not every companies label for cross-contamination, so if in doubt, call or email the company to be sure.
Cross-contamination can happen if wheat gets into a food product because it is made or served in a put that uses wheat in other foods.
This can happen on kitchen surfaces and utensils — everything from knives and cutting boards to a toaster or grill. Fried foods often own the potential to be cross-contaminated, because they can be fried in the same oil as foods that contain wheat.
When eating away from home, make certain you own an epinephrine auto-injector with you and that it hasn’t expired. Also, tell the people preparing or serving your child’s food about the wheat allergy.
Sometimes, you may desire to bring food with you that you know is safe. Don’t eat at the restaurant if the chef, manager, or owner seems uncomfortable with your request for a safe meal.
Also talk to the staff at school about cross-contamination risks for foods in the cafeteria. It may be best to pack lunches at home so you can control what’s in them.
Other things to hold in mind:
- Don’t feed your kid cooked foods you didn’t make yourself or anything with unknown ingredients.
- Make certain the epinephrine auto-injector is always on hand and that it is not expired.
- Tell everyone who handles the food — from relatives to restaurant staff — that your kid has a wheat allergy.
Managing a wheat allergy — your own or someone else’s — includes strict avoidance of wheat ingredients in both food and nonfood products.
Wheat is one of eight allergens with specific labeling requirements under the Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act (FALCPA) of 2004.
Under that law, manufacturers of packaged food products sold in the U.S. and containing wheat as an ingredient must include the presence of wheat, in clear language, on the ingredient label.
The grain is found in a myriad of foods — cereals, pastas, crackers and even some boiling dogs, sauces and ice cream.
It is also found in nonfood items such as Play-Doh, as well as in cosmetic and bath products. Note that the FALCPA labeling rules do not apply to nonfood items; if you own questions about ingredients in those products, check the manufacturer’s website or contact the company.
Foods that don’t contain wheat as an ingredient can be contaminated by wheat in the manufacturing process or during food preparation. As a result, people with a wheat allergy should also avoid products that bear precautionary statements on the label, such as “made on shared equipment with wheat,” “packaged in a plant that also processes wheat” or similar language.
The use of those advisory labels is voluntary, and not every manufacturers do so.
A challenging aspect of managing a wheat allergy is baking. While there’s no simple substitution for wheat as an ingredient, baked goods such as breads, muffins and cakes may be made using a combination of non-wheat flours, such as those made from rice, corn, sorghum, soy, tapioca or potato starch. Your allergist can provide you with guidance on which grains are safe for you.
Options for wheat-free grocery shopping include foods made from other grains such as corn, rice, quinoa, oats, rye and barley.
The recent growth in gluten-free products is making it easier to manage a wheat allergy.
Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley and rye.
A gluten-free product may be safe for those who are allergic to wheat because the product should not contain wheat ingredients.
However, because a product marketed as “gluten-free” must also be free of rye and barley in addition to wheat, those who must avoid only wheat may be limiting themselves. Anyone managing a food allergy shouldn’t rely on a “free from” label as a substitute for thoroughly reading the finish ingredient label.
People with any helpful of food allergy must make some changes in the foods they eat. Allergists are specially trained to direct you to helpful resources, such as special cookbooks, patient support groups and registered dietitians, who can assist you plan your meals.
What’s the Difference Between Wheat Allergy and Celiac Disease?
An allergy to wheat involves an allergic response to a protein in wheat.
Gluten is not one of the wheat proteins that typically causes an allergic reaction. Gluten is involved in a condition called celiac disease.
It’s simple to confuse celiac disease with wheat allergy, but they are extremely diverse. Celiac disease does not cause an allergic reaction. With celiac disease, there is a diverse type of immune system response in the intestines, causing a problem with the absorption of food.
While people with wheat allergy can generally eat other grains, people with celiac disease cannot eat any food containing gluten, which is also found in other grains such as barley, rye, and sometimes oats.
Managing food allergies in children
Because fatal and near-fatal wheat allergy reactions, love other food allergy symptoms, can develop when a kid is not with his or her family, parents need to make certain that their child’s school, day care or other program has a written emergency action plan with instructions on preventing, recognizing and managing these episodes in class and during activities such as sporting events and field trips.
A nonprofit group, Food Allergy Research & Education, has a list of resources for schools, parents and students in managing food allergies.
If your kid has been prescribed an auto-injector, be certain that you and those responsible for supervising your kid understand how to use it.
How allergies happen
Allergies happen when your kid comes into contact with something in the environment that he’s allergic to. This thing is called an allergen. It might be something that’s harmless to most people, love food, dust mites or pollen.
The allergen enters the body and your child’simmune system reacts to it. This reaction causes the release ofhistamine into the body, which leads to allergy symptoms.
Children who own family members with allergy problems love asthma, eczema, hayfever or food allergy are at increased risk of also developing allergy problems.
Mild, moderate and even severe allergic reactions are common, but deaths from allergic reactions are rare. Deaths can happen when there’s a delay in giving life-saving medication to the person having the reaction.
Allergic reactions: how quickly do they happen?
Animmediate allergic reaction generally happens within minutes or up to 1-2 hours after your kid comes into contact with or eats the substance that she’s allergic to.
Adelayed allergic reaction generally occurs between 2-4 hours and up to several days after your kid comes into contact with the substance he’s allergic to.
How will I know if my kid has a food allergy?
An allergic reaction can consist of 1 or more of the following:
- itchy skin or rash
- a cough
- diarrhoea or vomiting
- wheezing and shortness of breath
- runny or blocked nose
- swollen lips and throat
- itchy throat and tongue
- sore, red and itchy eyes
In a few cases, foods can cause a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) that can be life-threatening.
Get medical advice if you ponder your kid is having an allergic reaction to a specific food.
Don’t be tempted to experiment by cutting out a major food, such as milk, because this could lead to your kid not getting the nutrients they need. Talk to your health visitor or GP, who may refer you to a registered dietitian.
Introducing foods that could trigger allergy
When you start introducing solid foods to your baby from around 6 months ancient, introduce the foods that can trigger allergic reactions one at a time and in extremely little amounts so that you can spot any reaction.
These foods are:
- seeds (serve them crushed or ground)
- eggs (eggs without a red lion stamp should not be eaten raw or lightly cooked)
- cows’ milk
- foods that contain gluten, including wheat, barley and rye
- shellfish (don’t serve raw or lightly cooked)
- nuts and peanuts (serve them crushed or ground)
See more about foods to avoid giving babies and young children.
These foods can be introduced from around 6 months as part of your baby’s diet, just love any other foods.
Once introduced and if tolerated, these foods should become part of your baby’s usual diet to minimise the risk of allergy.
Evidence has shown that delaying the introduction of peanut and hen’s eggs beyond 6 to 12 months may increase the risk of developing an allergy to these foods.
Lots of children outgrow their allergies to milk or eggs, but a peanut allergy is generally lifelong.
If your kid has a food allergy, read food labels carefully.
Avoid foods if you are not certain whether they contain the food your kid is allergic to.
Food allergy or food intolerance?
Food allergies are diverse from food intolerances.
Mild to moderate intolerance doesn’t involve the immune system, but sometimes symptoms of mild or moderate food allergy glance love the symptoms of food intolerance.
It’s essential that your child’s food allergy is confirmed by an allergy or immunology specialist.
Most children with allergies to egg, cow’s milk and wheat outgrow their allergies as they get older. Peanut, treenut, fish and shellfish allergies are more likely to be lifelong.
Milk Allergy in Infants
If your baby seems additional fussy, gassy, barfy, snorty or rashy you may wonder, “Can babies be allergic to breastmilk?” The answer? No, the natural breastmilk proteins are so mild that they just don’t provoke allergies in babies.
However, here’s the large BUT. Babies can be allergic to foods that you eat…tiny bits of which can sneak into your milk!
How do we know infants don’t get breastmilk allergies? In 1983, Swedish scientists proved that even colicky babies are totally fine with their mom’s milk, however, they can be allergic to proteins that pass through the mom’s intestines into her bloodstream and then into her milk.
And, those foreign invaders can sometimes create major hassles. About 10% of colic caused by a baby food allergy—most often the common allergenic foods, love dairy, soy, citrus, eggs, nuts, etc.—or food sensitivity—like caffeine in coffee, chocolate, ice tea, cola, Chinese herbs or decongestant medicine. (Most colic has nothing to do with the intestines.
It’s actually an imbalance of too much chaos and too much silent and too little rhythmic stimulation. That’s why fussy babies can often be soothed by the 5 S’s.)
Severe allergic reaction or anaphylaxis: symptoms
A severe allergic reaction is called anaphylaxis. Symptoms might include one or more of the following:
- persistent dizziness or fainting
- tongue and throat swelling or tightness
- difficult or noisy breathing
- trouble talking or a hoarse voice
- low blood pressure
- paleness and floppiness (in young children)
- a wheeze or persistent cough
- diarrhoea, stomach pain or vomiting after an insect sting.
Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening allergic reaction and needs urgent medical attention.
If your kid is having an anaphylactic reaction, first lay her flat to assist hold her blood pressure stable. Next use an adrenaline auto-injector love EpiPen® if one is available.
Then call an ambulance – phone 000.
Testing for allergies
If you ponder your kid might own allergies,getting a proper assessment is important.
To start this process, you can talk to your GP, who might refer you to anallergy or immunology specialist for the following tests:
- Skin-prick test: your child’s skin is pricked with a little device that looks a bit love a toothpick and that contains a drop of a specific allergen. If your kid is allergic, a red lump might come up where the skin has been pricked.
- Blood tests: the serum specific IgE antibody test uses your child’s blood to see whether he’s sensitive to specific allergens.
Your kid might own this test if he can’t own skin-prick testing because he has severe eczema or has taken an antihistamine in the five days before the test.
You might hear about tests likeIgG food antibody testing, Vega testing and hair analysis. These tests haven’t been scientifically proven as allergy tests.
Tests and treatments that are backed up by science are most likely to work, be worth your time, money and energy, and be safe for your child.
Treatment for mild to moderate allergic reactions
The way you treat an allergic reaction depends on how severe the reaction is.
Giving your kid a dose ofantihistamine (in tablet or syrup form) is appropriate if you ponder your kid is having a mild to moderate allergic reaction love a skin rash, tingling mouth or swelling.
In fact, having some antihistamine syrup in your home’s first aid kit is a excellent thought – this way it’s handy when you need it.
You don’t need a prescription to purchase antihistamines in Australia.
Some antihistamines can make your kid sleepy, which can glance love anaphylaxis and make it hard to know what reaction your kid is having. It’sbest to use antihistamine that won’t make your kid sleepy. Your pharmacist or GP can advise you on the most appropriate brand for your child.
Other treatments for allergies
Depending on the helpful of allergic reaction your kid has, she might need other treatments. For example:
- If your kid has hay fever, she might need corticosteroid nose sprays.
- If your kid has eczema, he might need corticosteroid ointments.
- If your kid has asthma, he might need an inhaler love Ventolin® or Asmol®.
Your doctor can also give your kid an ASCIA (Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy) actionplan.
The action plan generally includes significant information on how to manage allergic reactions and which medications your kid should use.
Children who own persistent and troublesome allergies to insect stings, home dust mites and grass pollen might own immunotherapy to reduce or get rid of their symptoms. Immunotherapy isn’t currently used for food allergies.
If your kid has a food or insect sting allergy, it’s especially significant to control her asthma well. If your kid has a severe asthma attack, call an ambulance immediately.
Treatment for anaphylaxis
Children at significant risk of anaphylaxis are often prescribed adrenaline auto-injectors – for example, EpiPen®.
If your kid is prescribed an adrenaline auto-injector, it’s significant that both you and your kid study how and when to use it.
Your child’s adrenaline auto-injector should be simple to reach at every times.
You can also teach others – family, friends, teachers and carers – how to use it.
It’s also a excellent thought for your kid to wear a medical bracelet to let other people know about his specific allergy.
Milk Allergy Symptoms in Babies
Allergies are an overreaction of the immune system as it tries to protect us from foreign proteins. In older kids and adults, the fight between your body and tell, cat dander or pollen, takes put “up high,” causing a runny nose or sneezing.
But with infants, the allergy battleground is in the intestines. Here are the most common symptoms of milk allergies in infants.
- Eczema (itchy red rash inside knees, elbows, neck) Scaly skin rash
- A lot of spitting up
- Signs of abdominal pain (crying and grunting)
- Watery eyes, runny nose or stuffy nose
- Coughing or wheezing
- Slimy diarrhea or blood in stools
- Swelling (especially of the lips, tongue or throat)