What can you do for a dog with flea allergies

Further information: Flea treatments

The purpose of treatment is to relieve the allergy-induced itch and to remove the fleas from the pet and its home environment.[2] In some cases, secondary bacterial or yeast infections will also need treatment before the itching subsides. The istration of oral or topical flea prevention is also required to kill fleas currently on the animal.[4]

Environmental flea control includes using flea foggers or bombs, vacuuming, and treating pet bedding by washing on a boiling cycle (over 60 degrees Celsius) in the washing machine.

Many pets with FAD may also own other allergies, such as allergies to food, contact allergies, and atopic dermatitis.


THE MAIN OFFENDERS = ALLERGENS

Dogs can own an allergic reaction to almost anything they come into contact with. The most common allergens for dogs are: fleas, food, dust and dust mites, and «inhalant» allergens (pollen, grass, trees, mold spores, etc). Numerous allergic dogs, especially severely allergic dogs, are allergic to more than one of these.

It is ideal to determine what your dog is allergic to. This is generally not simple.

Your dog’s «itch pattern» may assist a little to determine what he or she is allergic to. In general, dog’s with flea allergies scratch over their tail head, on their back. In general, dog’s with food allergies own itchy «ears and rears».

What can you do for a dog with flea allergies

Canine inhalant allergy sufferers tend to gnaw on their feet more that other areas. Don’t determine what your dog is allergic to strictly by his or her itch pattern, but it’s a excellent starting put. For instance, if your pet has a really hard time only over his tail head, get rid of every flea on him. I stress, EVERY flea, because even one single flea bite can start the whole itch cycle every over on a dog that is allergic to them.


What Causes Allergies in Dogs?

In every except the most extreme allergies, it takes more than one exposure to the allergenic substance to produce an allergic reaction. White blood cells in the body build up a memory of the allergens, and the more contact that the dog makes with the allergenic substance, the more their body will release histamines and the itchier they will become.

Unfortunately, as with every allergies, there is no cure – but they can be managed.

There are three types of allergies, and we will explore each in greater detail below:

  1. Atopy (also known as atopic dermatitis)
  2. Flea allergy dermatitis
  3. Food allergies

Flea Allergy Dermatitis

Flea allergy dermatitis is the most common skin disease for pets.

Flea allergies in dogs generally develop before five years of age, but they own been known to happen at any age.

What Causes it?

While fleas are certainly not nice in any regard, the saliva from flea bites is the actual cause of the allergy.

Adult fleas are the ones that bite, as they need to feed in order to survive. Once the adult flea has laid its eggs on the body of its host dog, it will drop off and the cycle will continue. However, it’s also worth mentioning that an adult flea can’t survive for endless without their host pet.

What are the Symptoms?

As is the case with atopic dermatitis, the most obvious symptom of a dog flea allergy is severe scratching and itchiness, also known as pruritis.

Symptoms of dog flea allergies are generally episodic although, for most pooches, it will get worse as they get older.

For the worst affected dogs, just one or two flea bites can cause an outbreak of pruritis, and symptoms may continue after the application of flea control depending on the individual dog.

Additional symptoms include hair loss, scabs or lesions on the dog’s skin (usually on the back half of their body) and in some cases, a condition named neurodermatitis (behavioural problems resulting from flea bite hypersensitivity).

How Can it Be Treated?

All dogs should own regular flea control treatment, but for dogs with flea allergies, this is an absolute must.

There are plenty of flea control products out there, but you should always be certain to follow the instructions on the packaging and, if in doubt, consult your vet.

Are Every Dogs Prone to Allergies?

Generally, every dog is at risk of suffering an allergic reaction to an allergenic substance. However, some breeds are more susceptible than others, largely below to genetics which makes their skin more fragile and susceptible to allergens.

These dog breeds are generally more prone to suffering from skin allergies:

  1. Bulldog
  2. Labrador
  3. Spaniel
  4. Shar-Pei
  5. Maltese
  6. Irish Setter
  7. West Highland White Terrier
  8. Dalmatian
  9. Golden Retriever
  10. Staffordshire Bull Terrier

If your dog suffers from an allergy, we would advise against breeding it as this is often an inherited condition.

Food Allergies

Approximately 10% of allergy cases in dogs are food allergies.

Before we continue, it’s also worth noting that food allergies and food intolerances are not the same.

A true food allergy causes the body to produce an immune system reaction and in the worst cases, it can be highly severe. Conversely, food intolerance is generally less serious and will likely only cause digestive issues.

What Causes it?

Many food allergies are genetic and will be triggered whenever the dog is exposed to that specific allergenic substance. Similarly, most dogs with food allergies are generally allergic to more than one thing.

Some of the most common food allergens in dogs include:

  1. Egg
  2. Wheat
  3. Fish
  4. Meat (beef, chicken, lamb, pork, rabbit)
  5. Dairy
  6. Soy

What are the Symptoms?

Different dogs will present diverse symptoms of a food allergy, which is why it’s always significant to get your pooch checked over by a vet to confirm the cause of your dog’s allergy.

Some symptoms of food allergies in dogs include:

  1. Diarrhoea
  2. Itchiness
  3. Digestive and gastrointestinal problems
  4. Ear inflammation

Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is an environmental allergic reaction to certain substances love pollen, mould, dust mites, or even animal dander (skin and hair fragments).

In humans, it is more commonly known as hay fever.

Some atopic allergies may start out as seasonal, but as they are progressive, they are likely to worsen and cause your dog to become itchy every year circular. Similarly, allergies to dust mites are also extremely common, meaning that the symptoms will persist year round.

Typically, the symptoms of atopic dermatitis will start when your dog is between 1-3 years ancient, although the signs own been known to happen from as early as 4 months up to 7 years of age.

What Causes it?

Dogs can come into contact with the allergenic substance either through inhalation or by direct contact.

What can you do for a dog with flea allergies

As a result, depending on the presence of the specific allergen, these allergies can be seasonal or every year round.

In most cases of atopic dermatitis, the allergens penetrate microscopically directly through the skin which triggers the itch response. At times when there is a higher concentration of the allergenic substance (such as pollen in the air), the dog’s body will release excess histamine which triggers the symptoms.

What are the Symptoms?

As atopic allergies result in itchy skin, the most common symptoms of atopy in dogs are scratching, licking and chewing affected areas. The worst affected areas are generally their paws, armpits, face, ears, and undercarriage.

If the itching and licking are allowed to continue, you will soon start to see redness in these areas.

The dog’s scratching and biting may make the symptoms worse and could cause bacterial infections in their ears and on their skin. As a result, if you suspect that your pooch may be suffering from an atopic allergy, it’s significant to check their ears for signs of infection. The best way to do this is to gently tug back the ear flap and glance inside for any redness or discharge.

How Can it Be Treated?

As is the case with every allergies, sadly, atopic dermatitis is a lifelong condition. However, although it can’t be cured, the following ways should assist you manage your dog’s condition:

  1. Removing the source of the allergy – granted, this isn’t always possible, but where you can, attempt to remove the source of the allergy.

    Pollen can be carried up to 80km when airborne, and dust mites are everywhere, but you can take practical steps love removing allergenic plants from your garden and washing your dog’s paws to remove allergens after walks

  2. Hyposensitation therapy – through the use of allergy ‘vaccine’ shots, your dog will gradually become desensitised to the allergens. While the effectiveness of this method varies, 75% of pets own recognised some relief from this form of therapy
  3. Collars, socks or t-shirts – special items of clothing love these can assist to reduce trauma, reduce the risk of infection, and assist when symptoms are only mild and occasional
  4. Anti-itch therapy using drugs – these can include antihistamines, corticosteroids, antibiotics to treat infections, medicated shampoos, conditioners and skin lotions or creams.

    It’s significant to note that if you are using drugs to manage your dog’s allergy, you should always consult your vet first and be mindful of any potential side effects

  5. Supplements – Biotin or omega-3 oils own a natural anti-inflammatory effect that will suppress itching and support jacket health

The Bottom Line

Allergies in dogs are much more common than numerous of us ponder, and the number of dogs that are suffering from allergens is increasing. Numerous diverse allergens can affect our dogs, and whilst you can’t cure allergies, you can manage them and assist your furry friend live a comfortable and (almost) itch-free life.

We would always recommend consulting your vet or a specialist canine dermatologist if you suspect that your dog is suffering from an allergy, as they will be best placed to identify the type of allergy affecting your dog and determine the best course of treatment.

Allergies: Dermatitis (Fleas)

Flea allergy dermatitis (FAD) is the leading cause of itching in dogs.

Fleas do not stay on the dog except for when they are feeding. When they feed they inject a little quantity of saliva into the skin. Proteins in the saliva are the usual allergen, and cause an intensely pruritic or itchy response. Dogs with FAD don’t own to be infested with fleas to be itchy. In fact, a single flea bite can cause itching for up to a week.

Are only certain dogs allergic to fleas?

FAD can affect any adult dog although some breeds appear to be more prone than others.

How is flea allergy dermatitis diagnosed?

Clinical signs often give the first clue that your pet may suffer from FAD.

Itching and hair loss in the region from the middle of the back to the tail base and the rear legs (the “flea triangle”) is often associated with FAD. Sophisticated skin and blood tests that will detect a specific flea allergy in your pet are available.

Flea cycle

What does treatment involve?

Since it is the injection of flea saliva that causes the allergic response, it is significant to prevent fleas from biting your dog. Strict flea control is essential. Even though you own not seen fleas on the dog it is significant that you continue rigorous flea treatment and maintain environmental control.

Outdoor dogs pose a specific challenge. ***There is a separate fact sheet that outlines flea control***

What about desensitization? I understand that this is a newer treatment for FAD.

Desensitization or istering “allergy injections” involves injecting increasing doses of a diluted flea antigen over a prolonged period of time. These allergy injections may be continued for life. Desensitization therapy is successful in approximately half of FAD cases. Your veterinarian will discuss the pros and cons of the various treatments for FAD with you during the examination.

What about steroid treatment?

Corticosteroids, “cortisone” or “steroids” are widely used to treat FAD.

They often bring about miraculous relief to the poor pruritic patient. However, it should be noted that there are significant potential side effects to steroid use. The endless term use of corticosteroids can ultimately result in more harm than excellent. Steroids can be safely used for short-term relief while flea control is being implemented. Your veterinarian will outline the safest and most effective treatment plan for your pet’s individual needs.


 This client information sheet is based on material written by Ernest Ward, DVM.

© Copyright 2005 Lifelearn Inc. Used with permission under license. April 21, 2014

Flea allergy dermatitis (FAD) is an eczematous itchy skin disease of dogs and cats.

For both of these domestic species, flea allergy dermatitis is the most common cause of skin disease. Affected animals develop allergic reactions to chemicals in flea saliva.

What can you do for a dog with flea allergies

Symptoms of this reaction include erythema (redness), papules (bumps), pustules (pus-filled bumps), and crusts (scabs). If severe, hair loss will happen in the affected area. Dogs with flea allergy dermatitis often show hair loss and eczematous skin rash on the lower back, upper tail, neck, and below the back of the legs. Cats with flea allergy dermatitis may develop a variety of skin problems, including feline eosinophilic granuloma, miliary dermatitis, or self-inflicted alopecia from excessive grooming.[1]


References

Dog with flea allergy dermatitis and secondary folliculitis

  • ^Dryden, MW; Rust, MK (March 1994).

    «The cat flea: biology, ecology and control». Veterinary parasitology. 52 (1–2): 1–19. doi:10.1016/0304-4017(94)90031-0. PMID 8030176.

  • ^ abSousa, CA (2010). «Chapter 21: Fleas, flea allergy, and flea control». In Ettinger, SJ; Feldman, EC (eds.). Textbook of veterinary internal medicine (7th ed.). St Louis, MO: Saunders. pp. 99–101. ISBN .
  • ^ abApril 22; 2014. «Flea Allergy Dermatitis in Cats and Dogs».

    Vetstreet. Retrieved 2019-08-11.

  • ^«Flea Allergy Dermatitis in Dogs».

    What can you do for a dog with flea allergies

    vca_corporate. Retrieved 2019-08-11.

How to treat dog allergies

Firstly, it is ideal to determine what your dog is allergic to. The most common allergens for dogs are fleas, food, dust, dust mites and inhalant allergens such as pollen, grass, tress, mol and, spores. Secondly, you can treat you dog with antihistamines, special shampoos, fatty acid supplements, steroids, immunosuppressive drugs or natural remedies specially made to relieve allergies in dogs.

Many pet owners will tell that the most frustrating problem a pet can own is allergies.

Allergies extremely rarely go away. That doesn’t mean that there is nothing that can be done for your furry family members — fairly the opposite really. There are numerous options for animals with allergies.

A human’s allergic «organ», so to speak, is primarily their respiratory track. So when we own allergies, we generally cough, sneeze, own runny eyes, or trouble breathing if the allergic reaction is severe enough.

A dog’s allergic «organ» is primarily their skin, so they scratch or get hives or whelps if the allergic reaction is acute. Humans can own allergic issues with their skin and dogs can own allergic issues with their respiratory track. This article will focus on the most common manifestations of allergies in dogs = Skin problems.

Just love human allergies, there are varying degrees of severity. Some dogs just scratch a little more in the spring for a couple days, when the pollen gets bad, just love some people start just a little coughing and sneezing, but not even enough to pop an antihistamine.

What can you do for a dog with flea allergies

Then some animals scratch incessantly year circular to the point where they cause life-threatening secondary skin infections.

How to treat dog allergies

Firstly, it is ideal to determine what your dog is allergic to. The most common allergens for dogs are fleas, food, dust, dust mites and inhalant allergens such as pollen, grass, tress, mol and, spores. Secondly, you can treat you dog with antihistamines, special shampoos, fatty acid supplements, steroids, immunosuppressive drugs or natural remedies specially made to relieve allergies in dogs.

Many pet owners will tell that the most frustrating problem a pet can own is allergies.

Allergies extremely rarely go away. That doesn’t mean that there is nothing that can be done for your furry family members — fairly the opposite really. There are numerous options for animals with allergies.

A human’s allergic «organ», so to speak, is primarily their respiratory track. So when we own allergies, we generally cough, sneeze, own runny eyes, or trouble breathing if the allergic reaction is severe enough. A dog’s allergic «organ» is primarily their skin, so they scratch or get hives or whelps if the allergic reaction is acute.

What can you do for a dog with flea allergies

Humans can own allergic issues with their skin and dogs can own allergic issues with their respiratory track. This article will focus on the most common manifestations of allergies in dogs = Skin problems.

Just love human allergies, there are varying degrees of severity. Some dogs just scratch a little more in the spring for a couple days, when the pollen gets bad, just love some people start just a little coughing and sneezing, but not even enough to pop an antihistamine.

Then some animals scratch incessantly year circular to the point where they cause life-threatening secondary skin infections.


Diagnosis

The diagnosis of flea allergy dermatitis is complicated by the grooming habits of pets. Cats in specific are extremely efficient at grooming out fleas, often removing any evidence of infestation. Fleas start biting within 5 minutes of finding a host, and there are no flea treatments that kill fleas before biting occurs.[3]


Cause

The flea found most commonly on both dogs and cats with a flea infestation is the cat flea, Ctenocephalides felis.[2] Pets that develop FAD own an allergic response to flea saliva injected during flea feeding.

The itch associated with just one flea bite persists endless after that flea is gone and leads to significant self-trauma.[1]


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What can you do for a dog with flea allergies