What can i give my 9 month old baby for allergies
Possible allergens include food, drugs, insects, animal dander, dust mites, mold, and pollen. Allergens can cause respiratory symptoms, as in nasal allergies or allergic rhinitis, skin symptoms love eczema, or intestinal problems – from food allergies, for example.
Babies and toddlers are unlikely to own hay fever. Seasonal allergies to things such as pollen and grass generally don’t rear their ugly (and stuffy) head until a kid is about 3 to 4 years ancient.
That’s because the exposure to each type of pollen is for only a few weeks each year.
Food additives and children
Food contains additives for numerous reasons, such as to preserve it, to help make it safe to eat for longer, and to give colour or texture.
All food additives go through strict safety testing before they can be used. Food labelling must clearly show additives in the list of ingredients, including their name or «E» number and their function, such as «colour» or «preservative».
A few people own adverse reactions to some food additives, love sulphites, but reactions to ordinary foods, such as milk or soya, are much more common.
Read more about food colours and hyperactivity.
Sheet final reviewed: 24 July 2018
Next review due: 24 July 2021
What’s an allergy?
An allergy is an immune reaction to a substance in the environment called an allergen.
When a kid with allergies comes into contact with an allergen – either by touching it, breathing it, eating it, or having it injected – her body mistakenly views it as a dangerous invader and releases histamines and other chemicals to fight it off.
These chemicals irritate the body and cause symptoms such as a runny nose, sneezing, itching, and coughing.
Symptoms can be mild or more severe, intermittent (seasonal, for example), or ongoing because of constant exposure to the allergen.
In some cases, an allergen can cause a severe reaction, called anaphylactic shock. This is a medical emergency, as the symptoms – including difficulty breathing and swelling – can be life threatening.
Introducing foods that could trigger allergy
When you start introducing solid foods to your baby from around 6 months ancient, introduce the foods that can trigger allergic reactions one at a time and in extremely little amounts so that you can spot any reaction.
These foods are:
- shellfish (don’t serve raw or lightly cooked)
- foods that contain gluten, including wheat, barley and rye
- eggs (eggs without a red lion stamp should not be eaten raw or lightly cooked)
- seeds (serve them crushed or ground)
- nuts and peanuts (serve them crushed or ground)
- cows’ milk
See more about foods to avoid giving babies and young children.
These foods can be introduced from around 6 months as part of your baby’s diet, just love any other foods.
Once introduced and if tolerated, these foods should become part of your baby’s usual diet to minimise the risk of allergy.
Evidence has shown that delaying the introduction of peanut and hen’s eggs beyond 6 to 12 months may increase the risk of developing an allergy to these foods.
Lots of children outgrow their allergies to milk or eggs, but a peanut allergy is generally lifelong.
If your kid has a food allergy, read food labels carefully.
Avoid foods if you are not certain whether they contain the food your kid is allergic to.
What causes nasal allergies?
These are the most likely culprits:
- Pollen, particularly from trees, grasses, and weeds.
- Animal dander, those white, flaky specks made up of skin and hair shed by cats, dogs, and other furry animals.
- Dust mites: microscopic organisms that thrive on human skin flakes. Almost 85 percent of allergy sufferers are allergic to dust mites.
- Mold: Fungi found in wet, damp places such as bathrooms and basements or outdoors in humid climates.
Some children are allergic to below and feather pillows or wool blankets.
And while most experts don’t ponder children can be allergic to tobacco smoke, it can certainly make their allergic symptoms worse.
How will I know if my kid has a food allergy?
An allergic reaction can consist of 1 or more of the following:
- swollen lips and throat
- runny or blocked nose
- wheezing and shortness of breath
- a cough
- itchy skin or rash
- itchy throat and tongue
- diarrhoea or vomiting
- sore, red and itchy eyes
In a few cases, foods can cause a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) that can be life-threatening.
Get medical advice if you ponder your kid is having an allergic reaction to a specific food.
Don’t be tempted to experiment by cutting out a major food, such as milk, because this could lead to your kid not getting the nutrients they need. Talk to your health visitor or GP, who may refer you to a registered dietitian.
10 signs that your kid has allergies, not a cold
Because the symptoms of nasal allergies are much love freezing symptoms – runny nose, watery eyes, cough, nasal congestion, sneezing – it can be tough to tell the difference. There are some telltale signs of allergies, though.
Ask yourself the following questions:
- Does the skin under her eyes glance dark or purple or blue – what doctors call allergic shiners?
- Does she breathe through her mouth?
- Is the mucus that drains from her nose clear and thin (as opposed to yellow or greenish and thick)?
- Is your kid constantly wiggling, wiping, or pushing her nose up in what doctors call the allergic salute?
- Does she own a persistent dry cough?
- Are her eyes itchy, red, and watery?
- Does she seem to sneeze a lot?
- Is your child’s nose continually stuffy or running?
- Does it seem love your kid always has a cold?
Colds generally wind below in a week to 10 days; allergies don’t.
- Is her skin irritated or broken out in an itchy red rash?
If you answered yes to one or more of these questions, there’s a excellent chance your kid is allergic to something in her environment. Kids with nasal allergies are also more prone to ear infections, asthma, and sinus infections.
How common are allergies in kids?
According to figures released by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in 2011, based on the agency’s National Health Interview Survey, 4.5 percent of children under 18 own a food allergy (up from 3.5 percent in 2000), 10.7 percent own a skin allergy (up from 7.3 percent in 2000), and 16.6 percent own hay fever or a respiratory allergy.