What can i do to help my dog with skin allergies
If a person lives with a dog, it is hard to make the environment allergen-free.
Dog dander (dead skin cells) can linger in the air for a endless time and can stick to household items, such as curtains, furniture, bedding, and carpets.
Hypoallergenic breeds of dogs shed less than others so they may be less likely to cause allergic reactions. However, some studies own found that homes with hypoallergenic breeds may still contain as numerous allergens as homes with other breeds.
The only certain way to eliminate dog allergies is by avoiding contact with dogs. However, if a person does spend time with dogs, the following home remedies may assist them to manage symptoms:
- Using a saline sinus rinse.
Rinse the nostrils using a mixture made of 3 teaspoons of salt (iodine free), 1 teaspoon of baking soda, and 8 ounces of warm water. Use an ear dropper to put the solution into the nostril or purchase a sinus rinsing device from a pharmacy or online.
- Plant supplements. Taking certain plant supplements, such as those containing rosmarinic acid, may reduce allergy symptoms according to a study.
Lifestyle tips that can reduce the impact of dog allergies include:
- keeping dogs out of the bedroom and off furniture
- washing hands with soap after contact with dogs
- using a vacuum cleaner designed to trap and contain airborne allergens
- wearing a dust mask and gloves while cleaning or in areas with dogs
- cleaning more often during winter months
- avoiding touching eyes or face after contact with dogs
- avoiding shut contact with dogs, such as hugging or kissing them
- cleaning the home, washing the bedding weekly, and keeping the home tidy
- restricting dogs to specific rooms or spaces
- bathing dogs every 1 to 2 weeks
- brushing and cleaning dogs outdoors when possible
If anyone is considering bringing a dog into their home, they should do an allergy test or undertake a trial period before committing to this.
Dog Food Allergies vs.
Dog Food Intolerances
Dog food allergy treatment boils below to one underlying principle: identify foods your dog is allergic to and avoid feeding those.
«What most people ponder of as a dog food allergy is more appropriately called an cutaneous adverse food reaction, or CAFR,» says Dr.
Justin Shmalberg, a DVM and NomNomNow’s own veterinary nutritionist. «It basically means there’s some association between a food and a certain group of symptoms—usually skin problems or gastrointestinal problems.»
In a true dog food allergy, according to Shmalberg, the culprit is often a food protein that triggers an adverse immune response, which then causes cells in the body to release histamines, or compounds that lead to itching and numerous other allergic signs.
A dog food intolerance, on the other hand, doesn’t involve an immune response—but the signs of dog food intolerance can glance beautiful similar to the signs of a food allergy.
One example is a lactose intolerance, which happens when a dog’s body just doesn’t process lactose in milk products well, leading to gastrointestinal problems (often diarrhea).
Both allergies and intolerances drop under that category of CAFRs, or, in more general terms, adverse food reactions. So, how prevalent are adverse food reactions in dogs? One research review published in BMC Veterinary Research examined just that.
The findings propose that, of dogs seeing vets for any diagnosis, 1 to 2 percent own food intolerances or allergies; among dogs with skin diseases, the number jumps up a bit, to about 6 percent. For dogs with itching and allergies, even more—about one in five—show signs of adverse food reactions.
Still, true allergies, in which the immune system is attacking a food protein, are definitely less common than food intolerances.
The takeaway, says Shmalberg, is this: «If your dog is otherwise normal, even if he’s scratching a lot, a food allergy is unlikely. That said, diet can certainly frolic a role in helping to manage skin conditions and diseases, regardless of whether or not your dog has a food allergy.» We’ll discuss more about how you can tell the difference below.
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People who are allergic to dogs can get relief from symptoms by avoiding dogs and places where there are dogs.
Numerous people select to manage their symptoms by making lifestyle adjustments, such as more frequent housecleaning, but this can be extremely challenging.
OTC medications, such as antihistamines and nasal decongestants, can also assist a person reduce or manage their allergy symptoms.
People with more severe or chronic dog allergies should speak with a doctor about prescription medications and therapies that can assist manage symptoms.
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Picture this: Your dog is constantly itching, scratching, and biting fur, and you can’t figure out why.
Maybe you’ve tried everything from changing grooming routines to special shampoos, to medications. But own you tried changing your dog’s diet?
Food is one culprit behind allergic reactions in dogs that owners often overlook. In fact, there are dog food allergies and dog food intolerances. Just love us, canines can suffer from either or both.
And food allergies in dogs can cause not only digestive problems love vomiting and diarrhea, but also skin issues, and even behavioral problems. If you or your vet suspect your pup may own be having an adverse reaction to certain foods, and you’re wondering what it every means, you’re in the correct place.
We talked to Dr. Justin Shmalberg, a DVM and NomNomNow’s own veterinary nutritionist, to collect what you need to know. We’ll cover the following:
There are over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription medications available that can assist reduce or resolve the symptoms for people who are allergic to dogs.
OTC remedies for dog allergies include:
An allergist (a specialist in diagnosing allergies) may treat severe or chronic allergy symptoms using immunotherapy, also known as allergy shots.
Immunotherapy involves injecting allergens into a person in gradually increasing amounts.
These allergy shots assist a person to build a tolerance to allergens. It generally takes several sessions over several months to finish immunotherapy.
Antihistamine medications block histamine, a compound that helps initiate local immune responses and cause allergy symptoms.
Favorite OTC brands for long-term exposure may contain loratadine, cetirizine hydrochloride, or fexofenadine hydrochloride.
Antihistamines can be bought online or obtained on prescription from a doctor.
Nasal decongestants and nasal corticosteroids
These medications assist reverse the inflammation caused by immune responses and relieve nasal congestion. Some nasal corticosteroids are now available without a prescription and can be purchased online.
Many people with pet allergies also own asthma, and exposure to the pet allergens can cause asthmatic episodes or worsen a person's symptoms.
In these situations, a doctor may prescribe inhalable corticosteroids or bronchodilators that assist hold the airways open.
If a doctor thinks that a person may be allergic to dogs, they will refer them to an allergist.
In most cases, an allergist will use a skin-prick test to diagnose allergies.
During a skin-prick test, an allergist will put a droplet containing a tiny quantity of dog proteins onto the skin. They will then make a little prick in the skin, allowing the mixture to enter the body.
Most people who are allergic to the mixture will own a response within 15 to 30 minutes.
Sometimes, an allergist will decide that an individual who thinks they are allergic to dogs is actually responding to other allergens commonly found on dogs or dog hair, such as dust or pollen.
Am I allergic to dogs?
Specific symptoms and when they happen depend on the severity of the allergy.
People who own severe allergic reactions to dogs may experience symptoms soon after exposure, while those with more minor allergies may take longer to develop symptoms.
- a skin rash that is red or consists of little, red, raised bumps called hives
- a runny nose and sneezing
- itchy, red, and watering eyes
- nasal congestion
- tightness in the chest and shortness of breath
Dogs produce a variety of proteins that cause allergies in some people.
The highest concentrations of these proteins are in dog saliva, with lower amounts found in dander and urine.
Dander tends to build up on hair follicles, so dog hair generally carries a large number of allergens.