What can cure skin allergy
Some people with severe allergies may experience life-threatening reactions, known as anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock.
If you’re at risk of this, you’ll be given special injectors containing a medicine called adrenaline to use in an emergency.
If you develop symptoms of anaphylaxis, such as difficulty breathing, you should inject yourself in the outer thigh before seeking emergency medical assist.
Find out more about treating anaphylaxis
Avoiding exposure to allergens
The best way to hold your symptoms under control is often to avoid the things you’re allergic to, although this is not always practical.
For example, you may be capable to help manage:
- food allergies by being careful about what you eat
- hay fever by staying indoors and avoiding grassy areas when the pollen count is high
- animal allergies by keeping pets exterior as much as possible and washing them regularly
- mould allergies by keeping your home dry and well-ventilated, and dealing with any damp and condensation
- dust mite allergies by using allergy-proof duvets and pillows, and fitting wooden floors rather than carpets
Immunotherapy may be an option for a little number of people with certain severe and persistent allergies who are unable to control their symptoms using the measures above.
The treatment involves being given occasional little doses of the allergen, either as an injection, or as drops or tablets under the tongue, over the course of several years.
The injection can only be performed in a specialist clinic under the supervision of a doctor, as there’s a little risk of a severe reaction.
The drops or tablets can generally be taken at home.
The purpose of treatment is to help your body get used to the allergen so it does not react to it so severely.
This will not necessarily cure your allergy, but it’ll make it milder and mean you can take less medicine.
Treating specific allergic conditions
Use the links under to discover information about how specific allergies and related conditions are treated:
Sheet final reviewed: 22 November
Next review due: 22 November
Resources We Love
The Itch to Beat Psoriasis
Everyday Health contributor Howard Chang provides a firsthand perspective on psoriasis with an additional dose of encouragement, education, and empathy.
Chang’s posts deal with the everyday details of living with psoriasis, including topics such as navigating the condition as a parent and how best to use the frequent time you spend in doctors’ waiting rooms.
Just a Girl With Spots
Having been diagnosed with psoriasis at 15, blogger Joni Kazantzis writes about not only her personal battles with the condition but also the mental and physical challenges that each person with psoriasis must battle daily.
Todd Bello was diagnosed with psoriasis at age Through his blog, Bello shares regular posts about living with psoriasis as well as his patient advocacy efforts as a extremely athletic volunteer for the NPF.
His passionate efforts on behalf of others with psoriasis own helped build a community of support for those dealing with the condition.
The National Psoriasis Foundation blog
With the motto “the P is silent but we are not!” this blog is a frequently updated resource that covers a wide spectrum of psoriasis-related topics, including health, advocacy, and inspirational personal stories.
Bug bites often cause a person's skin to flare up, resulting in itchiness.
Mosquito and spider bites will often produce a little bite mark that is surrounded by red patchiness on the skin. These bites should fade away within 7–14 days.
Bites from bed bugs and mites may produce a bigger rash and can cause itchiness every over the body.
If a person suspects a bed bug infestation, they need to remove every furniture and clean the room thoroughly with repellent. Every affected items should be washed at 60 ºC.
Professional assist may be required if a person is unable to eliminate the infestation themselves.
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Favorite Organizations for Essential Psoriasis Information
American Academy of Dermatology (AAD)
The AAD represents the vast majority of practicing dermatologists in the United States.
Its website includes a tool that allows you to search its database to discover dermatologists in your area.
American College of Rheumatology (ACR)
This global organization of physicians, health professionals, and scientists has provided a comprehensive website that offers a wealth of patient and caregiver resources, including educational videos, information on available medication and therapies, and a search tool to discover a local rheumatologist.
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)
Dedicated to supporting research to treat diseases affecting muscles, bones, joints, and skin, NIAMS offers a website that provides an exhaustive guide to skin conditions and related topics, as well as news on the most recent clinical trials.
National Psoriasis Foundation (NPF)
As the leading patient advocacy group for people living with psoriatic disease, the NPF provides an huge online support community for people dealing with psoriasis.
It provides a wealth of patient resources, including personalized guidance on how to deal with the disease.
Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis Alliance (PAPAA)
Founded in , this alliance of two previous psoriasis-based foundations operates a website offering information, advice, and support for those living with psoriasis, including a special section for children coping with the disease.
Psoriasis Cure Now
This patient advocacy group specializes in raising awareness about the seriousness of psoriasis and the need for additional medical research. It also provides resources and information to urge patients to advocate for themselves when seeking medical care.
Irritation and allergic reactions can also cause itchy skin.
Allergic contact dermatitis occurs when the skin comes into direct contact with an allergen.
The result of the skin allergy is a red, itchy rash that can include little blisters or bumps. The rash arises whenever the skin comes into contact with the allergen, a substance that the immune system attacks. Often, there is a time delay between exposure to the allergen and when the rash occurs.
Touching clothing, pets, chemicals, soaps, and substances such as poison ivy or cosmetics can trigger allergic reactions.. Food allergies can also cause the skin to itch.
Nickel allergies are fairly common.
When a person come into contact with jewelry that contains even a little quantity of nickel, they can develop red, bumpy, itchy, and swollen skin at the point of contact.
For a person with an allergic reaction to a specific substance, one of the easiest things to do is to avoid that product or substance. Over-the-counter creams or medicated creams can assist clear up a rash.
People may experience an itching feeling that has no physical cause.
Some mental health conditions can make a person feel as if their skin is crawling, which creates an urge to scratch. Excessive scratching can lead to skin damage.
Compulsive scratching may be the result of the following conditions:
Dry skin is one of the most common causes of itchy skin.
If a person does not see any bright red bumps or notice a sudden change to their skin, dry skin is a likely cause.
Environmental factors that can lead to dry skin include excessively boiling or freezing weather with low humidity. Washing too much can also cause dry skin. It can affect any age group, but as people age, their skin becomes thinner and drier.
A excellent moisturizer can generally assist repair dry skin. Extremely dry skin can be a warning sign of dermatitis, so it may be necessary to see a dermatologist to assist get relief and hold the condition from becoming worse.
Common signs and symptoms of dry skin include:
- rough, scaly, or flaking skin
- cracks in the skin that are prone to bleeding
- excessive itching
- gray or ashy-looking skin in people with darker skin
- chapped or cracked skin or lips
It is significant to seek assist to treat dry skin because cracks in the skin can permit germs to enter.
Once inside the skin, these germs can cause an infection. Red, sore spots on the skin are often an early sign of a potential infection.
A skin specialist may prescribe a special moisturizer to apply throughout the day or a topical medicine to apply directly to the skin.
Created by the LEO Innovation Lab, this user-friendly app is a social media platform for people living with psoriasis. In addition to providing an easier way to join with others dealing with the condition, it provides groups based on topic (parenting, diet, exercise, travel) and offers tools to assist host meetups.
This app allows you to document and track how your psoriasis develops over time by using your phone’s camera.
The split-screen feature enables you to compare your condition over time and relate it to the effectiveness of your treatment with your dermatologist.
Skin serves a vital purpose as the barrier that protects the inside of the body. It is filled with special cells of the immune system that can protect the body and skin from viruses, bacteria, and other hidden threats.
Once the skin cells detect any type of suspicious substance, they trigger a reaction that causes the area to become inflamed. Medical professionals refer to this inflammation as a rash or dermatitis.
This can lead to itching.
Immune cells can react to something that touches the skin, a whole-body infection, or an illness. Some rashes are red, painful, and irritated, while others can lead to blisters or patches of raw skin.
Itching is a symptom common to numerous skin complaints. Skin can itch every over the body or only in specific areas.
Here are some specific causes of pruritus:
Hives are a type of skin inflammation caused by the release of a chemical in the body called histamine.
This release causes little blood vessels to leak, which causes the skin to swell.
There are two kinds of hives:
- Acute hives. These most commonly happen after coming into contact with an allergic trigger, such as a specific food or medication. Non-allergic causes, such as excessively boiling or freezing weather, sun exposure, or exercise, can also serve as a trigger.
- Chronic hives. Specific triggers do not cause these, which can make allergy tests unhelpful. They can final for months or even years. Hives can cause uncomfortable itching and be painful, but they are not contagious.
The ACAAI tell that hives affect about 20 percent of people at some point in their life.
Favorite Sites for Financial Assistance and Advocacy
National Psoriasis Foundation — Advocacy
NPF Advocacy helps organize volunteers to share information and advocate with legislators for change in public policy regarding psoriasis.
This online nonprofit information resource helps users to discover programs that assist patients who can’t afford medication and healthcare costs.
Partnership for Prescription Assistance (PPA)
The free PPA website helps users locate public and private assistance programs that can assist cover expensive prescription medication costs.
Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is the most common cause of skin rash in children.
The American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (ACAAI) report that eczema affects 1 in 5 infants but only 1 in 50 adults.
The cause is linked to the leakiness of the skin barrier.
This causes the area to dry out, putting it at risk of irritation and inflammation. It is vital to hold the skin moisturized.
Eczema often improves over time. People with eczema must be careful, however, as they are more vulnerable to skin infections.
Itching can also be related to parasites such as threadworms, insects such as bedbugs, mosquitoes, or lice. Fungal infections, such as athlete's foot, can also cause itching between and around the toes.
Itchy skin could also be due to more serious medical conditions. Nerve disorders caused by diabetes, pinched nerves, and shingles can cause severe itching.
Doctors might also refer to uremic pruritus as renal itch or chronic kidney disease-associated pruritus.
Uremia is a wide syndrome that occurs when the kidneys are severely damaged and cannot filter toxins from the body.
With uremia, itching tends to be worse at night. It most commonly affects the back, arms, and abdomen.
Medicines for mild allergies are available from pharmacies without a prescription.
But always enquire a pharmacist or GP for advice before starting any new medicine, as they’re not suitable for everyone.
Antihistamines are the main medicines for allergies.
They can be used:
- as and when you notice the symptoms of an allergic reaction
- to prevent allergic reactions – for example, you may take them in the morning if you own hay fever and you know the pollen count is high that day
Antihistamines can be taken as tablets, capsules, creams, liquids, eye drops or nasal sprays, depending on which part of your body is affected by your allergy.
Lotions and creams
Red and itchy skin caused by an allergic reaction can sometimes be treated with over-the-counter creams and lotions, such as:
- moisturising creams (emollients) to hold the skin moist and protect it from allergens
- calamine lotion to reduce itchiness
- steroids to reduce inflammation
Decongestants can be used as a short-term treatment for a blocked nose caused by an allergic reaction.
They can be taken as tablets, capsules, nasal sprays or liquids.
Do not use them for more than a week at a time, as using them for endless periods can make your symptoms worse.
Steroid medicines can assist reduce inflammation caused by an allergic reaction.
They’re available as:
Sprays, drops and feeble steroid creams are available without a prescription.
Stronger creams, inhalers and tablets are available on prescription from a GP.
The following home remedies may assist reduce itching:
- using a high-quality moisturizing cream on the skin and applying it at least once or twice each day
- choosing mild soaps without dyes or perfumes and using mild or unscented laundry detergent when washing.
Various products for sensitive skin are available for purchase online, including laundry detergent and soaps.
- applying an anti-itch cream, such as nonprescription hydrocortisone cream, to the area to assist relieve the itching. Hydrocortisone cream is available for purchase online.
- applying a cool, wet compress to the affected area
- taking a lukewarm bath
- avoiding substances that irritate the skin or cause an allergic reaction such as nickel, jewelry, and wool
Perhaps the most significant self-care measure is to avoid scratching.
Scratching can ultimately lead to further inflammation and damage to the skin and can worsen the itching.
If over-the-counter creams do not work, if a rash spreads, or if someone experiences additional symptoms beyond itching, they should see a physician or skin specialist to identify the cause and treat the specific problem.