What are the symptoms of latex allergy

Skin allergies happen when your skin comes in contact with an allergen that your skin is sensitive or allergic to. Also, allergies to other things, love food you eat or proteins you inhale or touch, may cause symptoms to appear on your skin. The allergic reaction generally appears within 48 hours after the initial exposure to the allergen. Symptoms often include the following: redness, swelling, blistering, itching, hives and rashes. The allergen doesn’t own to be new to you.

What are the symptoms of latex allergy

It can be something you’ve been using or eating for numerous years. Common skin allergies include allergic contact dermatitis, eczema, chronic urticaria and angioedema.


What Is Rhinitis (Nasal Allergies)?

The expression rhinitis means “inflammation of the nose.” When the nose becomes irritated by allergens or irritants, it may produce more and thicker mucus than usual. This drainage can irritate the back of the throat and cause coughing. Allergic reactions can also cause congestion, itchy nose or throat, sneezing, a runny nose and itchy, watery eyes.


What Is Anaphylaxis?

Anaphylaxis (anna-fih-LACK-sis) is a severe allergic reaction that can be life-threatening and requires immediate medical attention.

What are the symptoms of latex allergy

It happens quick and may cause death. Symptoms generally involve more than one part of the body, such as the skin or mouth, the lungs, the heart and the gut. Study more about anaphylaxis.


What Is Sinusitis?

Sinusitis is an infection or inflammation of the sinuses. A sinus is a hollow space. There are numerous sinuses in the body, including four pairs inside the skull.

They serve to lighten the skull and give resonance to the voice. These sinuses are lined with the same helpful of tissue that lines the inside of the nose. The same things that can cause swelling in the nose – such as allergies or infection – can also affect the sinuses. When the tissue inside the sinuses becomes inflamed, mucus discharge is increased. Over time, air trapped inside the swollen sinuses can create painful pressure inside the head. This is a sinus headache.

Medical Review November 2015.

SYMPTOMS OF AN ALLERGIC REACTION

The severity of symptoms during an allergic reaction can vary widely.

Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction include:

  1. Vomiting
  2. Itchy, watery eyes
  3. Diarrhea
  4. Itchy nose
  5. Sneezing
  6. Runny nose
  7. Stomach cramps
  8. Rashes
  9. Hives (a rash with raised red patches)
  10. Bloating
  1. Chest tightness and losing your breath
  2. Swelling
  3. Feeling faint, light-headed or “blacking out”
  4. Redness
  5. Pain
  6. Tongue swelling
  7. Wheezing (a whistling sound when you breathe)
  8. Cough
  9. Throat closing
  10. A sense of “impending doom”

Some of these symptoms can be sign of a life-threatening allergic reaction.

Irritant dermatitis is a non-allergic skin rash characterised by redness, dryness, scaling, vesicle formation and cracking.

These changes are caused by sweating or irritation of the glove with the powder residue, or from irritation from frequent washing, soaps and detergents.

Statistics

Less than 1% of the general population is allergic to latex, however certain people are at increased risk of developing latex allergy, including children with neural tube defects (such as spina bifida) or other congenital abnormalities requiring repeated surgery or catheterisation, and health care professionals who are exposed to latex in the workplace.

The incidence of latex allergy is increasing along with the increasing frequency of allergies across the board.



The ABC’s of Latex Allergy

Table of Contents

What is latex?

What are the symptoms of latex allergy?

How can I be certain I am allergic to latex?

How did I become allergic to latex?

Do I actually need to touch latex to own a reaction?

Can latex allergy be treated?

Will allergy shots help?

Why did my doctor give me a prescription for injectable epinephrine (EpiPen)?

Isn’t there anything I can do to prevent allergic reactions to latex?

List of Items that can contain latex

What do I do about my dentist/doctor who has never heard of latex allergy?

Will my latex allergy ever go away?

Make certain you…

What is latex?

Latex is a milky white sap which drips from the Brazilian rubber tree when the bark is cut.

It is a major ingredient in most rubber products.

Rubber made with latex (called «natural rubber latex,» or NRL) is extremely favorite because of its strength, flexibility, tear resistance and elasticity. Thousands of common household items contain NRL, from shoes to pacifiers to rubber bands. Because it is also an effective barrier against bacteria and viruses, NRL is routinely used in products such as surgical gloves and condoms to stop the spread of infectious disease.

Depending on how the latex is manufactured, two kinds of NRL can be produced. Crepe rubber is hardened, and is used in products such as tires and rubber balls. Liquid latex, on the other hand, is used to make thin stretchy products such as rubber bands, balloons, and surgical gloves.

The excellent news is that the vast majority of latex sensitive people are only allergic to liquid latex products. The bad news is that — with infectious disease control so prevalent in health care settings — the use of liquid latex products has skyrocketed during the past ten years. During that same ten year period, latex allergy has become increasingly common, especially among health care workers. Today it is estimated that 5 to 10% of every health care workers own latex allergy.

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What are the symptoms of latex allergy?

There are two kinds of latex allergy symptoms: delayed and immediate.

The most common symptom of delayed latex allergy is an itchy, red, mildly swollen rash which appears only on areas of the skin which actually touched the latex.

Symptoms typically emerge l 0 to 30 hours after contact. In severe cases, blisters may appear. These symptoms are generally caused not by the latex itself, but by certain chemicals added to rubber during processing. (The exact substance which causes the allergic reaction — in this case, the chemical — is called an allergen).

Symptoms occurring within minutes of exposure to the latex are generally immediate reactions. Immediate allergic reactions may involve parts of the body which did not actually touch the NRL. For example, contact with latex gloves during a dental exam or surgery may cause hives over the entire body.

In the most severe cases, immediate allergic reactions may involve the airways, lungs, and heart, leading to life-threatening situations. Symptoms to immediate allergic reactions include:

  1. It is better to be safe than sorry. Taking epinephrine when it is not needed will probably not cause serious problems.
  2. Hives, or itchy welts that may appear on any part of the body.
  3. The sooner the medication is injected, the better your chances of stopping the anaphylactic reaction.
  4. Hay fever-like symptoms, including nasal stuffiness, sneezing, a runny nose, and itching of the nose, eyes, or roof of the mouth.
  5. Wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath.
  6. Anaphylaxis, a life-threatening reaction which includes blocked airways, swelling of the throat, and a drop in blood pressure.
  7. Epinephrine provides only temporary relief.

    Immediately after injecting the medicine, have someone take you to the nearesthospital emergency department.

The allergens at fault in immediate allergic reactions are proteins which are actually part of the latex as it occurs in nature.

Gloves which are labeled «hypo-allergenic» rarely cause delayed allergic reactions. However, «hypo-allergenic» gloves may cause immediate reactions.

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How can I be certain I am allergic to latex?

Your doctor will first take your medical history to get a finish understanding of your symptoms and their possible causes.

For instance, you will be asked where you were and what you were doing when you first noticed your symptoms. You will probably also be asked whether you own asthma or any other allergies, whether you frequently come in contact with latex products at home or on the occupation, whether you own been hospitalized, and how often you own had surgery.

Your doctor will then give you a physical examination, paying special attention to the skin, head and chest.

To confirm a diagnosis of latex allergy, your doctor may give you a skin test or act out a blood test.

For a skin test, a little drop of your suspected allergen is lightly pricked into your skin to see whether you own a reaction. However, since severe reactions can result from an extremely tiny quantity of allergen, most doctors currently base their diagnosis of latex allergy on the results of a thorough medical history, physical exam, and blood tests.

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How did I become allergic to latex?

The tendency to develop allergies is inherited. If you are love most people with latex allergy, you probably own other allergies as well. As a matter of fact, people with latex allergy are often also allergic to banana, avocado, chestnut and other foods!

As with every allergies, you must be repeatedly exposed to latex before you develop a sensitivity to it.

The more frequently and intensely you come in contact with latex, the more likely you are to develop the allergy.

For this reason, health care workers — who are surrounded by NRL items in their workplace — often develop latex allergy. Those same health care settings put patients who own multiple surgeries at high risk. In specific, almost half of every children with spina bifida (who own numerous surgeries) are allergic to latex.

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Do I actually need to touch latex to own a reaction?

Unfortunately, no.

You may react after you touch fluids that own been in contact with latex. This is especially significant in health care settings, since you may be given medication from a drug vial or IV tube containing latex parts. IV tubing may own latex parts, but the tubing is not latex.

Some people are so sensitive that they own a reaction when they simply inhale air which carries latex allergen. For instance, sensitive people may react to inhaling the corn starch powder which comes off of latex gloves. People react to rubber balloons: sometimes when they are at a party which is decorated with balloons and, in rare cases, after driving in a car which recently transported latex balloons.

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Can latex allergy be treated?

The best way to prevent an allergic reaction from latex is to reduce your latex exposure as much as possible.

Medications may assist relieve your symptoms, but there are no medicines that will prevent you from having an allergic reaction to latex.

Doctors are still experimenting to see whether giving someone medicine before exposure to latex will reduce the severity of the reaction.

If you own a red, itchy rash of a delayed reaction, your doctor may propose rubbing a corticosteroid cream or ointment on your skin. Over-the-counter preparations should relieve most rashes. If your symptoms do not vanish, enquire your doctor for a stronger prescription-only cream or ointment. In rare cases when the rash is severe, an oral corticosteroid (which is not the same thing as anabolic steroids used illegally by some athletes) may be prescribed.

If you own hay fever-like symptoms or hives, over-the-counter antihistamines (for sneezing, itching, hives and runny nose) or decongestants (for nasal stuffiness) may provide the relief you need.

Or your doctor may prescribe stronger, or non-sedating, anti-histamines or decongestants. In some cases, your doctor may also prescribe cromolyn nasal spray or corticosteroid nasal sprays to reduce swelling in your nasal passages.

If your symptoms include wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath, your doctor may prescribe anti-asthma medications. These may include both anti-inflammatory medicine and bronchodilators. Enquire your doctor for more details.

A major concern about using these types of medications is that, by reducing symptoms, people may continue to expose themselves to latex.

The more often a latex-sensitive person comes into contact with their allergen, the more sensitive they may become. And the more sensitive they become, the higher the likelihood that they will develop a life-threatening anaphylactic reaction.

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Will allergy shots help?

We do not know whether allergy shots (allergen immunotherapy) can assist people with latex allergy. As mentioned previously, a extremely little quantity of latex allergen can cause severe reactions in some people.

What are the symptoms of latex allergy

For tbat and other technical reasons, experts do not currently recommend immunotherapy for this allergy.

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Why did my doctor give me a prescription for injectable epinephrine (EpiPen®, EpiPen Jr.®, Twinject®, Twinject Jr.®)?

Your doctor is concerned that you may own an anaphylactic reaction from latex exposure. The only medication which can assist you during a life-threatening reaction love that is epinephrine (adrenaline). To be effective, epinephrine must be given within minutes after the first sign of allergic reaction, and it must be given by injection.

Epi-Pen®, Epi-Pen Jr®, Twinject® and Twinject Jr.® are every brand names for epinephrine that come in a pre-measured, self-injectable container. There are three extremely significant points to remember about epinephrine:

  • Hay fever-like symptoms, including nasal stuffiness, sneezing, a runny nose, and itching of the nose, eyes, or roof of the mouth.
  • It is better to be safe than sorry. Taking epinephrine when it is not needed will probably not cause serious problems.
  • Wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath.
  • The sooner the medication is injected, the better your chances of stopping the anaphylactic reaction.
  • Epinephrine provides only temporary relief.

    Immediately after injecting the medicine, have someone take you to the nearesthospital emergency department.

  • Discuss which items containing latex would normally be used for your care.
  • It is better to be safe than sorry. Taking epinephrine when it is not needed will probably not cause serious problems.
  • Wear a Medic-Alert ID bracelet at every times.
  • Understand when and how to give yourself an injection of epinephrine (Ask your doctor or health care provider if you are not sure).
  • Have a card or letter from your doctor documenting your latex allergy (for your school, employer, or other doctors).
  • You may need to bring your own non-latex gloves to your appointment.

    Enquire the doctor who diagnosed your allergy for an up-to-date list of suppliers of non-latex gloves.

  • Have a personal supply of non-latex gloves to bring to your doctor or dental appointments in case they do not stock them.
  • Warn your doctor about your latex allergy. If necessary, enquire the doctor who diagnosed your allergy for a letter documenting it.
  • The sooner the medication is injected, the better your chances of stopping the anaphylactic reaction.
  • Call your local hospital emergency department and ambulance service before you ever need their services to enquire them to develop «latex free protocols.»
  • Anaphylaxis, a life-threatening reaction which includes blocked airways, swelling of the throat, and a drop in blood pressure.
  • Hives, or itchy welts that may appear on any part of the body.
  • Carry your injectable epinephrine With you at Every TIMES.
  • Ask to be the first patient in the morning to minimize your exposure to airborne latex particles (such as the corn starch on latex examining gloves).

    Enquire your doctor to make certain that no one uses latex products until you own left the office.

  • Explain your allergy and your immediate need for epinephrine in case of a life-threatening reaction to your family, shut friends, and co-workers.
  • Are familiar with common items that contain latex.
  • Epinephrine provides only temporary relief. Immediately after injecting the medicine, have someone take you to the nearesthospital emergency department.

Your doctor or nurse will talk to you about when and how to use your epinephrine.

Basically, epinephrine should be taken any time symptoms show that significant organs — such as the heart or lungs — are affected.

For instance, if you blow up a latex balloon and your lips swell up and itch, there is no need for epinephrine. But if you start to own trouble breathing, if your voice changes, or if it feels love your throat is swelling, take epinephrine immediately! Every of these symptoms indicate that the allergic reaction involves your airways.

If the reaction is not stopped, it may quickly and totally block your ability to breathe.

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Isn’t there anything I can do to prevent allergic reactions to latex?

The only way to prevent your symptoms is to avoid contact with latex. Unfortunately, that will not be simple, since NRL is found virtually everywhere today. However, unless you are highly allergic, you will not react to most latex household items unless they touch broken skin, or mucus membranes (such as lips, the vagina, etc.).

The following lists should give you an thought of the kinds of products which you should avoid because they contain latex. If you are ever unsure about a specific product, contact the manufacturer directly, and enquire whether the product contains NRL

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AT HOME AND WORK:

Bandages
Baby bottle nipples
Balloons
Carpet backing
Condoms
Diaphragms
Douche bulbs
Elastic in clothing and disposable diapers
Erasers
Eye dropper bulbs
Boiling water bottles
«Koosh» balls
Pacifiers
Paints*
Rubber hand grips on racquets, bicycles, garden tools, etc.

Rubber bands
Rubber clothing (such as rain coats)
Rubber gloves
Rubber toys
Shoes
Anesthesia masks
Bandages for burns
Bite blocks
Blood pressure cuffs
Breathing circuits
Catheters: arterial, epidural, Foley, Texas, venous
Cervical caps
Cervical dilators
Dental dams
Elastic bandages
Electrode pads
Endotracheal tubes
Injection adapters
Esophageal dilators
Esophageal protective covers
Eye dropper bulbs
Face masks with elastic bands
Feeding tubes
Finger cots
Gloves: examination and surgical
Hemodialyzers
Boiling water bottles
Implants
Instrument mats
IV injection ports
Nasal-pharyngeal airways
Orthodontic elastics
Prophy cups
Reservoir breathing bags
Rubber sheeting or pillows
Rubber stoppers in meds
Syringe stoppers
Tooth protectors
Tourniquet
Ultrasound covers
Urine bags and straps
Ventilator bellows
Ventilator tubing
Warming blankets
Wheelchair tires
Wound drains 

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What do I do about my dentist/doctor who has never heard of latex allergy?

The expression about latex allergy is quickly spreading among health care professionals, but not everyone has had patients with the problem.

Most latex-sensitive people who take the following steps should be capable to get care in any doctor’s office:

  1. You may need to bring your own non-latex gloves to your appointment. Enquire the doctor who diagnosed your allergy for an up-to-date list of suppliers of non-latex gloves.
  2. Warn your doctor about your latex allergy. If necessary, enquire the doctor who diagnosed your allergy for a letter documenting it.
  3. Discuss which items containing latex would normally be used for your care.
  4. Ask to be the first patient in the morning to minimize your exposure to airborne latex particles (such as the corn starch on latex examining gloves).

    Enquire your doctor to make certain that no one uses latex products until you own left the office.

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Will my latex allergy ever go away?

Presently, we know extremely little about how latex allergy develops or whether or not it will go away. For most other forms of allergy, people who carefully avoid their allergen may discover that they experience a gradual loss of allergic sensitivity over several years. Unfortunately, we do not know yet whether this is also true for latex.

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If your doctor thinks you could own a life-threatening allergic reaction to latex make certain you:

  1. Explain your allergy and your immediate need for epinephrine in case of a life-threatening reaction to your family, shut friends, and co-workers.
  2. Wear a Medic-Alert ID bracelet at every times.
  3. Understand when and how to give yourself an injection of epinephrine (Ask your doctor or health care provider if you are not sure).
  4. Carry your injectable epinephrine With you at Every TIMES.
  5. Call your local hospital emergency department and ambulance service before you ever need their services to enquire them to develop «latex free protocols.»

If you have a latex allergy, make certain you:

  1. Have a personal supply of non-latex gloves to bring to your doctor or dental appointments in case they do not stock them.
  2. Are familiar with common items that contain latex.
  3. Have a card or letter from your doctor documenting your latex allergy (for your school, employer, or other doctors).

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This booklet was developed and written by the Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology at Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Michigan and The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America.

This booklet was funded by the D.

Clark Swalm, Jr. Allergy and Immunology Education and Research Endowment Fund.

The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America is a private, not-for-profit organization dedicated to helping people with asthma and allergic diseases through education, support for research, and an array of services offered by a national network of chapters and affiliated support groups. For a free information packet about asthma and allergies, call: 1-800-7-ASTHMA

Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America

1125 15th Highway, NW, Suite 502

Washington, DC 20005

(202) 466-7643

Fax: (202) 466-8940

1-800-7 ASTHMA

HENRY FORD HEALTH SYSTEM

Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Department of Pediatrics 1 Ford Place

Detroit, MI 48202-3450

(313) 876-2662

Fax: (313) 876-2094

© Henry Ford Health System 1995, 5M, PP, 1-95

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Latex, the sap of the Hevea brasiliensis tree, has been used in the manufacture of medical equipment since 1888 when the first surgical rubber gloves were manufactured.

The possibility of severe latex (natural rubber) allergy in individuals with spina bifida was first raised in 1989. Since that time research studies own shown that between 18 and 73% of children and adolescents with spina bifida are sensitive to latex as measured by history or blood test. The type of allergic reaction experienced can range from watery and itchy eyes and/or sneezing and coughing, to hives (a blotchy, raised, itchy, rash) to swelling of the trachea (windpipe) and even to life-threatening changes in blood pressure and circulation (anaphylactic shock).

Although the cause of rubber allergy in individuals with spina bifida is not known, it is theorized that sensitization may happen from the early, intense, and constant exposure to rubber products through multiple surgeries, diagnostic tests and examinations, also from bladder and bowel programs.

Exposure to latex can happen when products containing rubber come in contact with a person’s skin or mucous membranes such as the mouth, eyes, genitals, bladder or rectum.

Serious reactions can also happen when latex enters the bloodstream. Some cases of severe reaction following injection of medication through latex stoppers, IV ports or syringes own been reported. In addition, the powder from balloons or gloves can absorb particles and become airborne causing reactions when breathed by a latex sensitive person. Food that has been handled by latex gloves may also cause a reaction, and people who own allergic reactions to latex may also be allergic to certain foods, including bananas, chestnuts, avocados and kiwi fruit.

Although a lot has been learned about rubber allergy in the final few years, the problem is really just beginning to be studied and understood.

Interestingly, health care workers such as nurses, doctors, and dentists, individuals born with severe bladder abnormalities, and some people who own had multiple surgical procedures are also at increased risk for rubber allergy although their risk is much lower than it is for individuals with spina bifida.

The Food and Drug istration and the Centers for Disease Control are investigating the problem of rubber allergy and current efforts are aimed at finding the component(s) of latex responsible for causing this allergy, developing methods of producing “safe”, non allergy causing rubber, and labeling products indicating natural rubber (latex) content.

Since the tale of rubber allergy is just beginning, and, without a doubt new understanding will emerge over the next several years, recommendations made now may need to be revised.

Because of the life-threatening nature of this allergy a list of current recommendations is included. Individuals with spina bifida and their families are urged to consider the following recommendations and to discuss them with members of their health care team.

All individuals with spina bifida should be considered at high risk for having an allergic reaction to rubber and should avoid contact with rubber products, particularly during medical or surgical procedures. Only non-latex gloves and catheters should be used.

Alternative products, generally made of silicone, plastic or vinyl, can be safely substituted.
Individuals who own experienced allergic reactions during surgical or medical procedures should consider wearing a medic-alert bracelet or necklace, carrying auto-injectable epinephrine and sterile non-latex gloves for emergency use, and discussing latex allergy with every health care and community providers including school, day care and camp. In addition, consultation with an allergist familiar with the problem is recommended to fully assess the risks and the possible need for preoperative treatment with special medications to suppress the potential for severe allergic reaction.

Avoidance of every latex-containing items, especially in the operating room, is strongly recommended.
The following commonly encountered items may contain latex and pose a risk to the latex sensitive individual: Healthcare items which may contain latex: gloves, catheters, tourniquets, elastic bandages, ace wraps, I.V. tubing injection ports, medication vials, adhesive tape, bandaids.

Home/community items which may contain latex: balloons, pacifiers, dental dams, rubber bands, elastic in clothing, beach toys, Koosh balls, baby bottle nipples, condoms, diaphragms, diapers, art supplies.

Please note that this is only a partial list and it is strongly recommended that individuals with spina bifida and their families enquire about the composition of products used in their care.

A more finish list is available upon request from the Spina Bifida Association of America.

Catherine Shaer, M.D.,
Director Spina Bifida Program
Children’s National Medical Middle, Washington, DC

Elli Meeropol, R.N., M.S.
Clinical Nurse Specialist
Shriners Hospital
Springfield, MA

This information was provided by the Spina Bifida Association of America. You can access their web site for more information by clicking the link below.

Advice on the treatment or care of an individual patient should be obtained through consultation with a physician who has examined that patient or is familiar with that patient’s medical history.

Persons with Spina Bifida are urged to discuss their specific symptoms and situations with their personal physician.


Notice: The information provided here is for informational, educational and entertainment purposes only. It is not intended to replace, and should not be interpreted or relied upon as, medical or professional advice. Your use of this site means that you consent to the terms and conditions detailed in our disclaimer.

What are latex allergy symptoms?

In most cases, latex allergy develops after numerous previous exposures to latex.

Latex allergy symptoms may include hives, itching, stuffy or runny nose. It can cause asthma symptoms of wheezing, chest tightness and difficulty breathing. Symptoms start within minutes after exposure to latex containing products. The most severe latex allergy can result in anaphylaxis, a serious allergic reaction involving severe breathing difficulty and/or drop in blood pressure (shock).

Allergic skin problems can happen following direct contact with allergic latex proteins in latex glove products.

Symptoms may include immediate itching, redness and swelling of skin that touched the item containing latex. These and other latex allergic reactions are less common now. Numerous hospitals or doctors’ offices own switched to non-latex gloves or low protein latex gloves.

A second type of skin allergy called “allergic contact dermatitis” may be caused by chemicals used to manufacture rubber gloves. This dermatitis is recognized by the eczema and blisters on the back of the hands. It resembles a poison ivy rash, and begins 1 to 3 days after wearing rubber gloves.

Direct physical contact with latex products is not needed to trigger an allergic reaction.

Anaphylaxis and severe asthmatic reactions own been caused by inhaling latex proteins in the air resulting from the powder in the latex glove.

The ABC’s of Latex Allergy

Table of Contents

What is latex?

What are the symptoms of latex allergy?

How can I be certain I am allergic to latex?

How did I become allergic to latex?

Do I actually need to touch latex to own a reaction?

Can latex allergy be treated?

Will allergy shots help?

Why did my doctor give me a prescription for injectable epinephrine (EpiPen)?

Isn’t there anything I can do to prevent allergic reactions to latex?

List of Items that can contain latex

What do I do about my dentist/doctor who has never heard of latex allergy?

Will my latex allergy ever go away?

Make certain you…

What is latex?

Latex is a milky white sap which drips from the Brazilian rubber tree when the bark is cut.

It is a major ingredient in most rubber products.

Rubber made with latex (called «natural rubber latex,» or NRL) is extremely favorite because of its strength, flexibility, tear resistance and elasticity. Thousands of common household items contain NRL, from shoes to pacifiers to rubber bands. Because it is also an effective barrier against bacteria and viruses, NRL is routinely used in products such as surgical gloves and condoms to stop the spread of infectious disease.

Depending on how the latex is manufactured, two kinds of NRL can be produced.

Crepe rubber is hardened, and is used in products such as tires and rubber balls. Liquid latex, on the other hand, is used to make thin stretchy products such as rubber bands, balloons, and surgical gloves.

The excellent news is that the vast majority of latex sensitive people are only allergic to liquid latex products. The bad news is that — with infectious disease control so prevalent in health care settings — the use of liquid latex products has skyrocketed during the past ten years. During that same ten year period, latex allergy has become increasingly common, especially among health care workers.

Today it is estimated that 5 to 10% of every health care workers own latex allergy.

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What are the symptoms of latex allergy?

There are two kinds of latex allergy symptoms: delayed and immediate.

The most common symptom of delayed latex allergy is an itchy, red, mildly swollen rash which appears only on areas of the skin which actually touched the latex. Symptoms typically emerge l 0 to 30 hours after contact. In severe cases, blisters may appear. These symptoms are generally caused not by the latex itself, but by certain chemicals added to rubber during processing. (The exact substance which causes the allergic reaction — in this case, the chemical — is called an allergen).

Symptoms occurring within minutes of exposure to the latex are generally immediate reactions.

Immediate allergic reactions may involve parts of the body which did not actually touch the NRL. For example, contact with latex gloves during a dental exam or surgery may cause hives over the entire body. In the most severe cases, immediate allergic reactions may involve the airways, lungs, and heart, leading to life-threatening situations. Symptoms to immediate allergic reactions include:

  1. It is better to be safe than sorry.

    What are the symptoms of latex allergy

    Taking epinephrine when it is not needed will probably not cause serious problems.

  2. Hives, or itchy welts that may appear on any part of the body.
  3. The sooner the medication is injected, the better your chances of stopping the anaphylactic reaction.
  4. Hay fever-like symptoms, including nasal stuffiness, sneezing, a runny nose, and itching of the nose, eyes, or roof of the mouth.
  5. Wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath.
  6. Anaphylaxis, a life-threatening reaction which includes blocked airways, swelling of the throat, and a drop in blood pressure.
  7. Epinephrine provides only temporary relief.

    Immediately after injecting the medicine, have someone take you to the nearesthospital emergency department.

The allergens at fault in immediate allergic reactions are proteins which are actually part of the latex as it occurs in nature.

Gloves which are labeled «hypo-allergenic» rarely cause delayed allergic reactions. However, «hypo-allergenic» gloves may cause immediate reactions.

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How can I be certain I am allergic to latex?

Your doctor will first take your medical history to get a finish understanding of your symptoms and their possible causes. For instance, you will be asked where you were and what you were doing when you first noticed your symptoms.

You will probably also be asked whether you own asthma or any other allergies, whether you frequently come in contact with latex products at home or on the occupation, whether you own been hospitalized, and how often you own had surgery.

Your doctor will then give you a physical examination, paying special attention to the skin, head and chest.

To confirm a diagnosis of latex allergy, your doctor may give you a skin test or act out a blood test. For a skin test, a little drop of your suspected allergen is lightly pricked into your skin to see whether you own a reaction.

However, since severe reactions can result from an extremely tiny quantity of allergen, most doctors currently base their diagnosis of latex allergy on the results of a thorough medical history, physical exam, and blood tests.

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How did I become allergic to latex?

The tendency to develop allergies is inherited. If you are love most people with latex allergy, you probably own other allergies as well. As a matter of fact, people with latex allergy are often also allergic to banana, avocado, chestnut and other foods!

As with every allergies, you must be repeatedly exposed to latex before you develop a sensitivity to it.

The more frequently and intensely you come in contact with latex, the more likely you are to develop the allergy.

For this reason, health care workers — who are surrounded by NRL items in their workplace — often develop latex allergy. Those same health care settings put patients who own multiple surgeries at high risk. In specific, almost half of every children with spina bifida (who own numerous surgeries) are allergic to latex.

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Do I actually need to touch latex to own a reaction?

Unfortunately, no.

You may react after you touch fluids that own been in contact with latex. This is especially significant in health care settings, since you may be given medication from a drug vial or IV tube containing latex parts. IV tubing may own latex parts, but the tubing is not latex.

Some people are so sensitive that they own a reaction when they simply inhale air which carries latex allergen. For instance, sensitive people may react to inhaling the corn starch powder which comes off of latex gloves. People react to rubber balloons: sometimes when they are at a party which is decorated with balloons and, in rare cases, after driving in a car which recently transported latex balloons.

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Can latex allergy be treated?

The best way to prevent an allergic reaction from latex is to reduce your latex exposure as much as possible.

Medications may assist relieve your symptoms, but there are no medicines that will prevent you from having an allergic reaction to latex.

Doctors are still experimenting to see whether giving someone medicine before exposure to latex will reduce the severity of the reaction.

If you own a red, itchy rash of a delayed reaction, your doctor may propose rubbing a corticosteroid cream or ointment on your skin. Over-the-counter preparations should relieve most rashes. If your symptoms do not vanish, enquire your doctor for a stronger prescription-only cream or ointment. In rare cases when the rash is severe, an oral corticosteroid (which is not the same thing as anabolic steroids used illegally by some athletes) may be prescribed.

If you own hay fever-like symptoms or hives, over-the-counter antihistamines (for sneezing, itching, hives and runny nose) or decongestants (for nasal stuffiness) may provide the relief you need.

Or your doctor may prescribe stronger, or non-sedating, anti-histamines or decongestants. In some cases, your doctor may also prescribe cromolyn nasal spray or corticosteroid nasal sprays to reduce swelling in your nasal passages.

If your symptoms include wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath, your doctor may prescribe anti-asthma medications. These may include both anti-inflammatory medicine and bronchodilators. Enquire your doctor for more details.

A major concern about using these types of medications is that, by reducing symptoms, people may continue to expose themselves to latex. The more often a latex-sensitive person comes into contact with their allergen, the more sensitive they may become.

And the more sensitive they become, the higher the likelihood that they will develop a life-threatening anaphylactic reaction.

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Will allergy shots help?

We do not know whether allergy shots (allergen immunotherapy) can assist people with latex allergy. As mentioned previously, a extremely little quantity of latex allergen can cause severe reactions in some people. For tbat and other technical reasons, experts do not currently recommend immunotherapy for this allergy.

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Why did my doctor give me a prescription for injectable epinephrine (EpiPen®, EpiPen Jr.®, Twinject®, Twinject Jr.®)?

Your doctor is concerned that you may own an anaphylactic reaction from latex exposure.

The only medication which can assist you during a life-threatening reaction love that is epinephrine (adrenaline). To be effective, epinephrine must be given within minutes after the first sign of allergic reaction, and it must be given by injection. Epi-Pen®, Epi-Pen Jr®, Twinject® and Twinject Jr.® are every brand names for epinephrine that come in a pre-measured, self-injectable container. There are three extremely significant points to remember about epinephrine:

Your doctor or nurse will talk to you about when and how to use your epinephrine. Basically, epinephrine should be taken any time symptoms show that significant organs — such as the heart or lungs — are affected.

For instance, if you blow up a latex balloon and your lips swell up and itch, there is no need for epinephrine. But if you start to own trouble breathing, if your voice changes, or if it feels love your throat is swelling, take epinephrine immediately! Every of these symptoms indicate that the allergic reaction involves your airways. If the reaction is not stopped, it may quickly and totally block your ability to breathe.

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Isn’t there anything I can do to prevent allergic reactions to latex?

The only way to prevent your symptoms is to avoid contact with latex.

Unfortunately, that will not be simple, since NRL is found virtually everywhere today. However, unless you are highly allergic, you will not react to most latex household items unless they touch broken skin, or mucus membranes (such as lips, the vagina, etc.). The following lists should give you an thought of the kinds of products which you should avoid because they contain latex. If you are ever unsure about a specific product, contact the manufacturer directly, and enquire whether the product contains NRL

Back to Top

AT HOME AND WORK:

Bandages
Baby bottle nipples
Balloons
Carpet backing
Condoms
Diaphragms
Douche bulbs
Elastic in clothing and disposable diapers
Erasers
Eye dropper bulbs
Boiling water bottles
«Koosh» balls
Pacifiers
Paints*
Rubber hand grips on racquets, bicycles, garden tools, etc.

Rubber bands
Rubber clothing (such as rain coats)
Rubber gloves
Rubber toys
Shoes
Anesthesia masks
Bandages for burns
Bite blocks
Blood pressure cuffs
Breathing circuits
Catheters: arterial, epidural, Foley, Texas, venous
Cervical caps
Cervical dilators
Dental dams
Elastic bandages
Electrode pads
Endotracheal tubes
Injection adapters
Esophageal dilators
Esophageal protective covers
Eye dropper bulbs
Face masks with elastic bands
Feeding tubes
Finger cots
Gloves: examination and surgical
Hemodialyzers
Boiling water bottles
Implants
Instrument mats
IV injection ports
Nasal-pharyngeal airways
Orthodontic elastics
Prophy cups
Reservoir breathing bags
Rubber sheeting or pillows
Rubber stoppers in meds
Syringe stoppers
Tooth protectors
Tourniquet
Ultrasound covers
Urine bags and straps
Ventilator bellows
Ventilator tubing
Warming blankets
Wheelchair tires
Wound drains 

Back to Top

What do I do about my dentist/doctor who has never heard of latex allergy?

The expression about latex allergy is quickly spreading among health care professionals, but not everyone has had patients with the problem.

Most latex-sensitive people who take the following steps should be capable to get care in any doctor’s office:

  1. You may need to bring your own non-latex gloves to your appointment. Enquire the doctor who diagnosed your allergy for an up-to-date list of suppliers of non-latex gloves.
  2. Warn your doctor about your latex allergy. If necessary, enquire the doctor who diagnosed your allergy for a letter documenting it.
  3. Discuss which items containing latex would normally be used for your care.
  4. Ask to be the first patient in the morning to minimize your exposure to airborne latex particles (such as the corn starch on latex examining gloves).

    Enquire your doctor to make certain that no one uses latex products until you own left the office.

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Will my latex allergy ever go away?

Presently, we know extremely little about how latex allergy develops or whether or not it will go away. For most other forms of allergy, people who carefully avoid their allergen may discover that they experience a gradual loss of allergic sensitivity over several years. Unfortunately, we do not know yet whether this is also true for latex.

Back to Top

If your doctor thinks you could own a life-threatening allergic reaction to latex make certain you:

  1. Explain your allergy and your immediate need for epinephrine in case of a life-threatening reaction to your family, shut friends, and co-workers.
  2. Wear a Medic-Alert ID bracelet at every times.
  3. Understand when and how to give yourself an injection of epinephrine (Ask your doctor or health care provider if you are not sure).
  4. Carry your injectable epinephrine With you at Every TIMES.
  5. Call your local hospital emergency department and ambulance service before you ever need their services to enquire them to develop «latex free protocols.»

If you have a latex allergy, make certain you:

  1. Have a personal supply of non-latex gloves to bring to your doctor or dental appointments in case they do not stock them.
  2. Are familiar with common items that contain latex.
  3. Have a card or letter from your doctor documenting your latex allergy (for your school, employer, or other doctors).

Back to Top

This booklet was developed and written by the Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology at Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Michigan and The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America.

This booklet was funded by the D.

Clark Swalm, Jr. Allergy and Immunology Education and Research Endowment Fund.

The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America is a private, not-for-profit organization dedicated to helping people with asthma and allergic diseases through education, support for research, and an array of services offered by a national network of chapters and affiliated support groups. For a free information packet about asthma and allergies, call: 1-800-7-ASTHMA

Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America

1125 15th Highway, NW, Suite 502

Washington, DC 20005

(202) 466-7643

Fax: (202) 466-8940

1-800-7 ASTHMA

HENRY FORD HEALTH SYSTEM

Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Department of Pediatrics 1 Ford Place

Detroit, MI 48202-3450

(313) 876-2662

Fax: (313) 876-2094

© Henry Ford Health System 1995, 5M, PP, 1-95

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Latex, the sap of the Hevea brasiliensis tree, has been used in the manufacture of medical equipment since 1888 when the first surgical rubber gloves were manufactured.

The possibility of severe latex (natural rubber) allergy in individuals with spina bifida was first raised in 1989. Since that time research studies own shown that between 18 and 73% of children and adolescents with spina bifida are sensitive to latex as measured by history or blood test. The type of allergic reaction experienced can range from watery and itchy eyes and/or sneezing and coughing, to hives (a blotchy, raised, itchy, rash) to swelling of the trachea (windpipe) and even to life-threatening changes in blood pressure and circulation (anaphylactic shock).

Although the cause of rubber allergy in individuals with spina bifida is not known, it is theorized that sensitization may happen from the early, intense, and constant exposure to rubber products through multiple surgeries, diagnostic tests and examinations, also from bladder and bowel programs.

Exposure to latex can happen when products containing rubber come in contact with a person’s skin or mucous membranes such as the mouth, eyes, genitals, bladder or rectum.

Serious reactions can also happen when latex enters the bloodstream. Some cases of severe reaction following injection of medication through latex stoppers, IV ports or syringes own been reported. In addition, the powder from balloons or gloves can absorb particles and become airborne causing reactions when breathed by a latex sensitive person. Food that has been handled by latex gloves may also cause a reaction, and people who own allergic reactions to latex may also be allergic to certain foods, including bananas, chestnuts, avocados and kiwi fruit.

Although a lot has been learned about rubber allergy in the final few years, the problem is really just beginning to be studied and understood.

What are the symptoms of latex allergy

Interestingly, health care workers such as nurses, doctors, and dentists, individuals born with severe bladder abnormalities, and some people who own had multiple surgical procedures are also at increased risk for rubber allergy although their risk is much lower than it is for individuals with spina bifida.

The Food and Drug istration and the Centers for Disease Control are investigating the problem of rubber allergy and current efforts are aimed at finding the component(s) of latex responsible for causing this allergy, developing methods of producing “safe”, non allergy causing rubber, and labeling products indicating natural rubber (latex) content.

Since the tale of rubber allergy is just beginning, and, without a doubt new understanding will emerge over the next several years, recommendations made now may need to be revised.

Because of the life-threatening nature of this allergy a list of current recommendations is included. Individuals with spina bifida and their families are urged to consider the following recommendations and to discuss them with members of their health care team.

All individuals with spina bifida should be considered at high risk for having an allergic reaction to rubber and should avoid contact with rubber products, particularly during medical or surgical procedures.

Only non-latex gloves and catheters should be used. Alternative products, generally made of silicone, plastic or vinyl, can be safely substituted.
Individuals who own experienced allergic reactions during surgical or medical procedures should consider wearing a medic-alert bracelet or necklace, carrying auto-injectable epinephrine and sterile non-latex gloves for emergency use, and discussing latex allergy with every health care and community providers including school, day care and camp. In addition, consultation with an allergist familiar with the problem is recommended to fully assess the risks and the possible need for preoperative treatment with special medications to suppress the potential for severe allergic reaction.

Avoidance of every latex-containing items, especially in the operating room, is strongly recommended.
The following commonly encountered items may contain latex and pose a risk to the latex sensitive individual: Healthcare items which may contain latex: gloves, catheters, tourniquets, elastic bandages, ace wraps, I.V. tubing injection ports, medication vials, adhesive tape, bandaids.

Home/community items which may contain latex: balloons, pacifiers, dental dams, rubber bands, elastic in clothing, beach toys, Koosh balls, baby bottle nipples, condoms, diaphragms, diapers, art supplies.

Please note that this is only a partial list and it is strongly recommended that individuals with spina bifida and their families enquire about the composition of products used in their care.

A more finish list is available upon request from the Spina Bifida Association of America.

Catherine Shaer, M.D.,
Director Spina Bifida Program
Children’s National Medical Middle, Washington, DC

Elli Meeropol, R.N., M.S.
Clinical Nurse Specialist
Shriners Hospital
Springfield, MA

This information was provided by the Spina Bifida Association of America. You can access their web site for more information by clicking the link below.

Advice on the treatment or care of an individual patient should be obtained through consultation with a physician who has examined that patient or is familiar with that patient’s medical history.

Persons with Spina Bifida are urged to discuss their specific symptoms and situations with their personal physician.


Notice: The information provided here is for informational, educational and entertainment purposes only. It is not intended to replace, and should not be interpreted or relied upon as, medical or professional advice. Your use of this site means that you consent to the terms and conditions detailed in our disclaimer.

What are latex allergy symptoms?

In most cases, latex allergy develops after numerous previous exposures to latex.

Latex allergy symptoms may include hives, itching, stuffy or runny nose. It can cause asthma symptoms of wheezing, chest tightness and difficulty breathing. Symptoms start within minutes after exposure to latex containing products. The most severe latex allergy can result in anaphylaxis, a serious allergic reaction involving severe breathing difficulty and/or drop in blood pressure (shock).

Allergic skin problems can happen following direct contact with allergic latex proteins in latex glove products. Symptoms may include immediate itching, redness and swelling of skin that touched the item containing latex.

These and other latex allergic reactions are less common now. Numerous hospitals or doctors’ offices own switched to non-latex gloves or low protein latex gloves.

A second type of skin allergy called “allergic contact dermatitis” may be caused by chemicals used to manufacture rubber gloves. This dermatitis is recognized by the eczema and blisters on the back of the hands. It resembles a poison ivy rash, and begins 1 to 3 days after wearing rubber gloves.

Direct physical contact with latex products is not needed to trigger an allergic reaction. Anaphylaxis and severe asthmatic reactions own been caused by inhaling latex proteins in the air resulting from the powder in the latex glove.

The ABC’s of Latex Allergy

Table of Contents

What is latex?

What are the symptoms of latex allergy?

How can I be certain I am allergic to latex?

How did I become allergic to latex?

Do I actually need to touch latex to own a reaction?

Can latex allergy be treated?

Will allergy shots help?

Why did my doctor give me a prescription for injectable epinephrine (EpiPen)?

Isn’t there anything I can do to prevent allergic reactions to latex?

List of Items that can contain latex

What do I do about my dentist/doctor who has never heard of latex allergy?

Will my latex allergy ever go away?

Make certain you…

What is latex?

Latex is a milky white sap which drips from the Brazilian rubber tree when the bark is cut.

It is a major ingredient in most rubber products.

Rubber made with latex (called «natural rubber latex,» or NRL) is extremely favorite because of its strength, flexibility, tear resistance and elasticity. Thousands of common household items contain NRL, from shoes to pacifiers to rubber bands. Because it is also an effective barrier against bacteria and viruses, NRL is routinely used in products such as surgical gloves and condoms to stop the spread of infectious disease.

Depending on how the latex is manufactured, two kinds of NRL can be produced. Crepe rubber is hardened, and is used in products such as tires and rubber balls.

Liquid latex, on the other hand, is used to make thin stretchy products such as rubber bands, balloons, and surgical gloves.

The excellent news is that the vast majority of latex sensitive people are only allergic to liquid latex products. The bad news is that — with infectious disease control so prevalent in health care settings — the use of liquid latex products has skyrocketed during the past ten years.

During that same ten year period, latex allergy has become increasingly common, especially among health care workers. Today it is estimated that 5 to 10% of every health care workers own latex allergy.

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What are the symptoms of latex allergy?

There are two kinds of latex allergy symptoms: delayed and immediate.

The most common symptom of delayed latex allergy is an itchy, red, mildly swollen rash which appears only on areas of the skin which actually touched the latex. Symptoms typically emerge l 0 to 30 hours after contact.

In severe cases, blisters may appear. These symptoms are generally caused not by the latex itself, but by certain chemicals added to rubber during processing. (The exact substance which causes the allergic reaction — in this case, the chemical — is called an allergen).

Symptoms occurring within minutes of exposure to the latex are generally immediate reactions. Immediate allergic reactions may involve parts of the body which did not actually touch the NRL.

For example, contact with latex gloves during a dental exam or surgery may cause hives over the entire body. In the most severe cases, immediate allergic reactions may involve the airways, lungs, and heart, leading to life-threatening situations. Symptoms to immediate allergic reactions include:

  1. It is better to be safe than sorry. Taking epinephrine when it is not needed will probably not cause serious problems.
  2. Hives, or itchy welts that may appear on any part of the body.
  3. The sooner the medication is injected, the better your chances of stopping the anaphylactic reaction.
  4. Hay fever-like symptoms, including nasal stuffiness, sneezing, a runny nose, and itching of the nose, eyes, or roof of the mouth.
  5. Wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath.
  6. Anaphylaxis, a life-threatening reaction which includes blocked airways, swelling of the throat, and a drop in blood pressure.
  7. Epinephrine provides only temporary relief.

    Immediately after injecting the medicine, have someone take you to the nearesthospital emergency department.

The allergens at fault in immediate allergic reactions are proteins which are actually part of the latex as it occurs in nature.

Gloves which are labeled «hypo-allergenic» rarely cause delayed allergic reactions. However, «hypo-allergenic» gloves may cause immediate reactions.

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How can I be certain I am allergic to latex?

Your doctor will first take your medical history to get a finish understanding of your symptoms and their possible causes.

For instance, you will be asked where you were and what you were doing when you first noticed your symptoms. You will probably also be asked whether you own asthma or any other allergies, whether you frequently come in contact with latex products at home or on the occupation, whether you own been hospitalized, and how often you own had surgery.

Your doctor will then give you a physical examination, paying special attention to the skin, head and chest.

To confirm a diagnosis of latex allergy, your doctor may give you a skin test or act out a blood test.

What are the symptoms of latex allergy

For a skin test, a little drop of your suspected allergen is lightly pricked into your skin to see whether you own a reaction. However, since severe reactions can result from an extremely tiny quantity of allergen, most doctors currently base their diagnosis of latex allergy on the results of a thorough medical history, physical exam, and blood tests.

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How did I become allergic to latex?

The tendency to develop allergies is inherited. If you are love most people with latex allergy, you probably own other allergies as well. As a matter of fact, people with latex allergy are often also allergic to banana, avocado, chestnut and other foods!

As with every allergies, you must be repeatedly exposed to latex before you develop a sensitivity to it.

The more frequently and intensely you come in contact with latex, the more likely you are to develop the allergy.

For this reason, health care workers — who are surrounded by NRL items in their workplace — often develop latex allergy. Those same health care settings put patients who own multiple surgeries at high risk. In specific, almost half of every children with spina bifida (who own numerous surgeries) are allergic to latex.

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Do I actually need to touch latex to own a reaction?

Unfortunately, no. You may react after you touch fluids that own been in contact with latex. This is especially significant in health care settings, since you may be given medication from a drug vial or IV tube containing latex parts. IV tubing may own latex parts, but the tubing is not latex.

Some people are so sensitive that they own a reaction when they simply inhale air which carries latex allergen. For instance, sensitive people may react to inhaling the corn starch powder which comes off of latex gloves.

People react to rubber balloons: sometimes when they are at a party which is decorated with balloons and, in rare cases, after driving in a car which recently transported latex balloons.

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Can latex allergy be treated?

The best way to prevent an allergic reaction from latex is to reduce your latex exposure as much as possible.

Medications may assist relieve your symptoms, but there are no medicines that will prevent you from having an allergic reaction to latex.

Doctors are still experimenting to see whether giving someone medicine before exposure to latex will reduce the severity of the reaction.

If you own a red, itchy rash of a delayed reaction, your doctor may propose rubbing a corticosteroid cream or ointment on your skin. Over-the-counter preparations should relieve most rashes. If your symptoms do not vanish, enquire your doctor for a stronger prescription-only cream or ointment. In rare cases when the rash is severe, an oral corticosteroid (which is not the same thing as anabolic steroids used illegally by some athletes) may be prescribed.

If you own hay fever-like symptoms or hives, over-the-counter antihistamines (for sneezing, itching, hives and runny nose) or decongestants (for nasal stuffiness) may provide the relief you need.

Or your doctor may prescribe stronger, or non-sedating, anti-histamines or decongestants. In some cases, your doctor may also prescribe cromolyn nasal spray or corticosteroid nasal sprays to reduce swelling in your nasal passages.

If your symptoms include wheezing, coughing and shortness of breath, your doctor may prescribe anti-asthma medications. These may include both anti-inflammatory medicine and bronchodilators. Enquire your doctor for more details.

A major concern about using these types of medications is that, by reducing symptoms, people may continue to expose themselves to latex.

The more often a latex-sensitive person comes into contact with their allergen, the more sensitive they may become. And the more sensitive they become, the higher the likelihood that they will develop a life-threatening anaphylactic reaction.

Back to Top

Will allergy shots help?

We do not know whether allergy shots (allergen immunotherapy) can assist people with latex allergy. As mentioned previously, a extremely little quantity of latex allergen can cause severe reactions in some people.

For tbat and other technical reasons, experts do not currently recommend immunotherapy for this allergy.

Back to Top

Why did my doctor give me a prescription for injectable epinephrine (EpiPen®, EpiPen Jr.®, Twinject®, Twinject Jr.®)?

Your doctor is concerned that you may own an anaphylactic reaction from latex exposure. The only medication which can assist you during a life-threatening reaction love that is epinephrine (adrenaline). To be effective, epinephrine must be given within minutes after the first sign of allergic reaction, and it must be given by injection. Epi-Pen®, Epi-Pen Jr®, Twinject® and Twinject Jr.® are every brand names for epinephrine that come in a pre-measured, self-injectable container.

There are three extremely significant points to remember about epinephrine:

  • Your body can own allergens injected into it. This includes medicine given by needle and venom from insect stings and bites.
  • It is better to be safe than sorry. Taking epinephrine when it is not needed will probably not cause serious problems.
  • You can inhale allergens into your nose and your lungs. Many are little enough to float through the air.

    Examples are pollen, home dust, mold spores, cat and dog dander and latex dust.

  • The sooner the medication is injected, the better your chances of stopping the anaphylactic reaction.
  • Epinephrine provides only temporary relief. Immediately after injecting the medicine, have someone take you to the nearesthospital emergency department.
  • Discuss which items containing latex would normally be used for your care.
  • Have a card or letter from your doctor documenting your latex allergy (for your school, employer, or other doctors).
  • Wear a Medic-Alert ID bracelet at every times.
  • Understand when and how to give yourself an injection of epinephrine (Ask your doctor or health care provider if you are not sure).
  • A medical or dental procedure conducted by health care workers wearing natural rubber latex gloves
  • You may need to bring your own non-latex gloves to your appointment.

    Enquire the doctor who diagnosed your allergy for an up-to-date list of suppliers of non-latex gloves.

  • Call your local hospital emergency department and ambulance service before you ever need their services to enquire them to develop «latex free protocols.»
  • Warn your doctor about your latex allergy. If necessary, enquire the doctor who diagnosed your allergy for a letter documenting it.
  • Blowing up a rubber balloon
  • Carry your injectable epinephrine With you at Every TIMES.
  • You can ingest allergens by mouth. This includes food and medicines you eat or swallow.
  • Are familiar with common items that contain latex.
  • Explain your allergy and your immediate need for epinephrine in case of a life-threatening reaction to your family, shut friends, and co-workers.
  • Ask to be the first patient in the morning to minimize your exposure to airborne latex particles (such as the corn starch on latex examining gloves).

    Enquire your doctor to make certain that no one uses latex products until you own left the office.

  • Have a personal supply of non-latex gloves to bring to your doctor or dental appointments in case they do not stock them.
  • Your skin can absorb allergens. Plants such as poison ivy, sumac and oak can cause reactions when touched.

    What are the symptoms of latex allergy

    Latex, metals, and ingredients in beauty care and household products are other examples.

Your doctor or nurse will talk to you about when and how to use your epinephrine. Basically, epinephrine should be taken any time symptoms show that significant organs — such as the heart or lungs — are affected.

For instance, if you blow up a latex balloon and your lips swell up and itch, there is no need for epinephrine. But if you start to own trouble breathing, if your voice changes, or if it feels love your throat is swelling, take epinephrine immediately! Every of these symptoms indicate that the allergic reaction involves your airways. If the reaction is not stopped, it may quickly and totally block your ability to breathe.

Back to Top

Isn’t there anything I can do to prevent allergic reactions to latex?

The only way to prevent your symptoms is to avoid contact with latex.

Unfortunately, that will not be simple, since NRL is found virtually everywhere today. However, unless you are highly allergic, you will not react to most latex household items unless they touch broken skin, or mucus membranes (such as lips, the vagina, etc.). The following lists should give you an thought of the kinds of products which you should avoid because they contain latex. If you are ever unsure about a specific product, contact the manufacturer directly, and enquire whether the product contains NRL

Back to Top

AT HOME AND WORK:

Bandages
Baby bottle nipples
Balloons
Carpet backing
Condoms
Diaphragms
Douche bulbs
Elastic in clothing and disposable diapers
Erasers
Eye dropper bulbs
Boiling water bottles
«Koosh» balls
Pacifiers
Paints*
Rubber hand grips on racquets, bicycles, garden tools, etc.

Rubber bands
Rubber clothing (such as rain coats)
Rubber gloves
Rubber toys
Shoes
Anesthesia masks
Bandages for burns
Bite blocks
Blood pressure cuffs
Breathing circuits
Catheters: arterial, epidural, Foley, Texas, venous
Cervical caps
Cervical dilators
Dental dams
Elastic bandages
Electrode pads
Endotracheal tubes
Injection adapters
Esophageal dilators
Esophageal protective covers
Eye dropper bulbs
Face masks with elastic bands
Feeding tubes
Finger cots
Gloves: examination and surgical
Hemodialyzers
Boiling water bottles
Implants
Instrument mats
IV injection ports
Nasal-pharyngeal airways
Orthodontic elastics
Prophy cups
Reservoir breathing bags
Rubber sheeting or pillows
Rubber stoppers in meds
Syringe stoppers
Tooth protectors
Tourniquet
Ultrasound covers
Urine bags and straps
Ventilator bellows
Ventilator tubing
Warming blankets
Wheelchair tires
Wound drains 

Back to Top

What do I do about my dentist/doctor who has never heard of latex allergy?

The expression about latex allergy is quickly spreading among health care professionals, but not everyone has had patients with the problem.

Most latex-sensitive people who take the following steps should be capable to get care in any doctor’s office:

  1. You may need to bring your own non-latex gloves to your appointment. Enquire the doctor who diagnosed your allergy for an up-to-date list of suppliers of non-latex gloves.
  2. Warn your doctor about your latex allergy. If necessary, enquire the doctor who diagnosed your allergy for a letter documenting it.
  3. Discuss which items containing latex would normally be used for your care.
  4. Ask to be the first patient in the morning to minimize your exposure to airborne latex particles (such as the corn starch on latex examining gloves).

    Enquire your doctor to make certain that no one uses latex products until you own left the office.

Back to Top

Will my latex allergy ever go away?

Presently, we know extremely little about how latex allergy develops or whether or not it will go away. For most other forms of allergy, people who carefully avoid their allergen may discover that they experience a gradual loss of allergic sensitivity over several years.

Unfortunately, we do not know yet whether this is also true for latex.

Back to Top

If your doctor thinks you could own a life-threatening allergic reaction to latex make certain you:

  1. Explain your allergy and your immediate need for epinephrine in case of a life-threatening reaction to your family, shut friends, and co-workers.
  2. Wear a Medic-Alert ID bracelet at every times.
  3. Understand when and how to give yourself an injection of epinephrine (Ask your doctor or health care provider if you are not sure).
  4. Carry your injectable epinephrine With you at Every TIMES.
  5. Call your local hospital emergency department and ambulance service before you ever need their services to enquire them to develop «latex free protocols.»

If you have a latex allergy, make certain you:

  1. Have a personal supply of non-latex gloves to bring to your doctor or dental appointments in case they do not stock them.
  2. Are familiar with common items that contain latex.
  3. Have a card or letter from your doctor documenting your latex allergy (for your school, employer, or other doctors).

Back to Top

This booklet was developed and written by the Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology at Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Michigan and The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America.

This booklet was funded by the D.

Clark Swalm, Jr. Allergy and Immunology Education and Research Endowment Fund.

The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America is a private, not-for-profit organization dedicated to helping people with asthma and allergic diseases through education, support for research, and an array of services offered by a national network of chapters and affiliated support groups. For a free information packet about asthma and allergies, call: 1-800-7-ASTHMA

Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America

1125 15th Highway, NW, Suite 502

Washington, DC 20005

(202) 466-7643

Fax: (202) 466-8940

1-800-7 ASTHMA

HENRY FORD HEALTH SYSTEM

Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Department of Pediatrics 1 Ford Place

Detroit, MI 48202-3450

(313) 876-2662

Fax: (313) 876-2094

© Henry Ford Health System 1995, 5M, PP, 1-95

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Latex, the sap of the Hevea brasiliensis tree, has been used in the manufacture of medical equipment since 1888 when the first surgical rubber gloves were manufactured.

The possibility of severe latex (natural rubber) allergy in individuals with spina bifida was first raised in 1989. Since that time research studies own shown that between 18 and 73% of children and adolescents with spina bifida are sensitive to latex as measured by history or blood test. The type of allergic reaction experienced can range from watery and itchy eyes and/or sneezing and coughing, to hives (a blotchy, raised, itchy, rash) to swelling of the trachea (windpipe) and even to life-threatening changes in blood pressure and circulation (anaphylactic shock).

Although the cause of rubber allergy in individuals with spina bifida is not known, it is theorized that sensitization may happen from the early, intense, and constant exposure to rubber products through multiple surgeries, diagnostic tests and examinations, also from bladder and bowel programs.

Exposure to latex can happen when products containing rubber come in contact with a person’s skin or mucous membranes such as the mouth, eyes, genitals, bladder or rectum.

Serious reactions can also happen when latex enters the bloodstream. Some cases of severe reaction following injection of medication through latex stoppers, IV ports or syringes own been reported. In addition, the powder from balloons or gloves can absorb particles and become airborne causing reactions when breathed by a latex sensitive person. Food that has been handled by latex gloves may also cause a reaction, and people who own allergic reactions to latex may also be allergic to certain foods, including bananas, chestnuts, avocados and kiwi fruit.

Although a lot has been learned about rubber allergy in the final few years, the problem is really just beginning to be studied and understood.

Interestingly, health care workers such as nurses, doctors, and dentists, individuals born with severe bladder abnormalities, and some people who own had multiple surgical procedures are also at increased risk for rubber allergy although their risk is much lower than it is for individuals with spina bifida.

The Food and Drug istration and the Centers for Disease Control are investigating the problem of rubber allergy and current efforts are aimed at finding the component(s) of latex responsible for causing this allergy, developing methods of producing “safe”, non allergy causing rubber, and labeling products indicating natural rubber (latex) content.

Since the tale of rubber allergy is just beginning, and, without a doubt new understanding will emerge over the next several years, recommendations made now may need to be revised.

Because of the life-threatening nature of this allergy a list of current recommendations is included. Individuals with spina bifida and their families are urged to consider the following recommendations and to discuss them with members of their health care team.

All individuals with spina bifida should be considered at high risk for having an allergic reaction to rubber and should avoid contact with rubber products, particularly during medical or surgical procedures.

Only non-latex gloves and catheters should be used. Alternative products, generally made of silicone, plastic or vinyl, can be safely substituted.
Individuals who own experienced allergic reactions during surgical or medical procedures should consider wearing a medic-alert bracelet or necklace, carrying auto-injectable epinephrine and sterile non-latex gloves for emergency use, and discussing latex allergy with every health care and community providers including school, day care and camp. In addition, consultation with an allergist familiar with the problem is recommended to fully assess the risks and the possible need for preoperative treatment with special medications to suppress the potential for severe allergic reaction.

Avoidance of every latex-containing items, especially in the operating room, is strongly recommended.
The following commonly encountered items may contain latex and pose a risk to the latex sensitive individual: Healthcare items which may contain latex: gloves, catheters, tourniquets, elastic bandages, ace wraps, I.V. tubing injection ports, medication vials, adhesive tape, bandaids.

Home/community items which may contain latex: balloons, pacifiers, dental dams, rubber bands, elastic in clothing, beach toys, Koosh balls, baby bottle nipples, condoms, diaphragms, diapers, art supplies.

Please note that this is only a partial list and it is strongly recommended that individuals with spina bifida and their families enquire about the composition of products used in their care.

A more finish list is available upon request from the Spina Bifida Association of America.

Catherine Shaer, M.D.,
Director Spina Bifida Program
Children’s National Medical Middle, Washington, DC

Elli Meeropol, R.N., M.S.
Clinical Nurse Specialist
Shriners Hospital
Springfield, MA

This information was provided by the Spina Bifida Association of America. You can access their web site for more information by clicking the link below.

Advice on the treatment or care of an individual patient should be obtained through consultation with a physician who has examined that patient or is familiar with that patient’s medical history.

Persons with Spina Bifida are urged to discuss their specific symptoms and situations with their personal physician.


Notice: The information provided here is for informational, educational and entertainment purposes only. It is not intended to replace, and should not be interpreted or relied upon as, medical or professional advice. Your use of this site means that you consent to the terms and conditions detailed in our disclaimer.

What triggers the allergic reaction to latex?

When people with latex allergy come into direct contact with latex, an allergic reaction may follow. Common examples include:

  1. A medical or dental procedure conducted by health care workers wearing natural rubber latex gloves
  2. Blowing up a rubber balloon

What foods are potential problems for people with latex allergy?

If you own latex allergy you also can own food allergies.

The foods most likely to cause this problem include: apple, avocado, banana, carrot, celery, chestnut, kiwi, melons, papaya, raw potato and tomato.

What Are the Symptoms of an Allergy?

An allergy occurs when the body’s immune system sees a substance as harmful and overreacts to it. The symptoms that result are an allergic reaction. The substances that cause allergic reactions are allergens. Allergens can get into your body numerous ways to cause an allergic reaction.

  1. Your body can own allergens injected into it. This includes medicine given by needle and venom from insect stings and bites.

  2. You can inhale allergens into your nose and your lungs. Many are little enough to float through the air. Examples are pollen, home dust, mold spores, cat and dog dander and latex dust.
  3. You can ingest allergens by mouth. This includes food and medicines you eat or swallow.
  4. Your skin can absorb allergens. Plants such as poison ivy, sumac and oak can cause reactions when touched. Latex, metals, and ingredients in beauty care and household products are other examples.

Your doctor or nurse will talk to you about when and how to use your epinephrine.

Basically, epinephrine should be taken any time symptoms show that significant organs — such as the heart or lungs — are affected.

For instance, if you blow up a latex balloon and your lips swell up and itch, there is no need for epinephrine. But if you start to own trouble breathing, if your voice changes, or if it feels love your throat is swelling, take epinephrine immediately! Every of these symptoms indicate that the allergic reaction involves your airways. If the reaction is not stopped, it may quickly and totally block your ability to breathe.

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Isn’t there anything I can do to prevent allergic reactions to latex?

The only way to prevent your symptoms is to avoid contact with latex.

Unfortunately, that will not be simple, since NRL is found virtually everywhere today. However, unless you are highly allergic, you will not react to most latex household items unless they touch broken skin, or mucus membranes (such as lips, the vagina, etc.). The following lists should give you an thought of the kinds of products which you should avoid because they contain latex. If you are ever unsure about a specific product, contact the manufacturer directly, and enquire whether the product contains NRL

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AT HOME AND WORK:

Bandages
Baby bottle nipples
Balloons
Carpet backing
Condoms
Diaphragms
Douche bulbs
Elastic in clothing and disposable diapers
Erasers
Eye dropper bulbs
Boiling water bottles
«Koosh» balls
Pacifiers
Paints*
Rubber hand grips on racquets, bicycles, garden tools, etc.

Rubber bands
Rubber clothing (such as rain coats)
Rubber gloves
Rubber toys
Shoes
Anesthesia masks
Bandages for burns
Bite blocks
Blood pressure cuffs
Breathing circuits
Catheters: arterial, epidural, Foley, Texas, venous
Cervical caps
Cervical dilators
Dental dams
Elastic bandages
Electrode pads
Endotracheal tubes
Injection adapters
Esophageal dilators
Esophageal protective covers
Eye dropper bulbs
Face masks with elastic bands
Feeding tubes
Finger cots
Gloves: examination and surgical
Hemodialyzers
Boiling water bottles
Implants
Instrument mats
IV injection ports
Nasal-pharyngeal airways
Orthodontic elastics
Prophy cups
Reservoir breathing bags
Rubber sheeting or pillows
Rubber stoppers in meds
Syringe stoppers
Tooth protectors
Tourniquet
Ultrasound covers
Urine bags and straps
Ventilator bellows
Ventilator tubing
Warming blankets
Wheelchair tires
Wound drains 

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What do I do about my dentist/doctor who has never heard of latex allergy?

The expression about latex allergy is quickly spreading among health care professionals, but not everyone has had patients with the problem.

Most latex-sensitive people who take the following steps should be capable to get care in any doctor’s office:

  1. You may need to bring your own non-latex gloves to your appointment. Enquire the doctor who diagnosed your allergy for an up-to-date list of suppliers of non-latex gloves.
  2. Warn your doctor about your latex allergy. If necessary, enquire the doctor who diagnosed your allergy for a letter documenting it.
  3. Discuss which items containing latex would normally be used for your care.
  4. Ask to be the first patient in the morning to minimize your exposure to airborne latex particles (such as the corn starch on latex examining gloves).

    Enquire your doctor to make certain that no one uses latex products until you own left the office.

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Will my latex allergy ever go away?

Presently, we know extremely little about how latex allergy develops or whether or not it will go away. For most other forms of allergy, people who carefully avoid their allergen may discover that they experience a gradual loss of allergic sensitivity over several years. Unfortunately, we do not know yet whether this is also true for latex.

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If your doctor thinks you could own a life-threatening allergic reaction to latex make certain you:

  1. Explain your allergy and your immediate need for epinephrine in case of a life-threatening reaction to your family, shut friends, and co-workers.
  2. Wear a Medic-Alert ID bracelet at every times.
  3. Understand when and how to give yourself an injection of epinephrine (Ask your doctor or health care provider if you are not sure).
  4. Carry your injectable epinephrine With you at Every TIMES.
  5. Call your local hospital emergency department and ambulance service before you ever need their services to enquire them to develop «latex free protocols.»

If you have a latex allergy, make certain you:

  1. Have a personal supply of non-latex gloves to bring to your doctor or dental appointments in case they do not stock them.
  2. Are familiar with common items that contain latex.
  3. Have a card or letter from your doctor documenting your latex allergy (for your school, employer, or other doctors).

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This booklet was developed and written by the Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology at Henry Ford Health System in Detroit, Michigan and The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America.

This booklet was funded by the D.

Clark Swalm, Jr. Allergy and Immunology Education and Research Endowment Fund.

The Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America is a private, not-for-profit organization dedicated to helping people with asthma and allergic diseases through education, support for research, and an array of services offered by a national network of chapters and affiliated support groups. For a free information packet about asthma and allergies, call: 1-800-7-ASTHMA

Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America

1125 15th Highway, NW, Suite 502

Washington, DC 20005

(202) 466-7643

Fax: (202) 466-8940

1-800-7 ASTHMA

HENRY FORD HEALTH SYSTEM

Division of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

Department of Pediatrics 1 Ford Place

Detroit, MI 48202-3450

(313) 876-2662

Fax: (313) 876-2094

© Henry Ford Health System 1995, 5M, PP, 1-95

Back to Top

Latex, the sap of the Hevea brasiliensis tree, has been used in the manufacture of medical equipment since 1888 when the first surgical rubber gloves were manufactured.

The possibility of severe latex (natural rubber) allergy in individuals with spina bifida was first raised in 1989. Since that time research studies own shown that between 18 and 73% of children and adolescents with spina bifida are sensitive to latex as measured by history or blood test. The type of allergic reaction experienced can range from watery and itchy eyes and/or sneezing and coughing, to hives (a blotchy, raised, itchy, rash) to swelling of the trachea (windpipe) and even to life-threatening changes in blood pressure and circulation (anaphylactic shock).

Although the cause of rubber allergy in individuals with spina bifida is not known, it is theorized that sensitization may happen from the early, intense, and constant exposure to rubber products through multiple surgeries, diagnostic tests and examinations, also from bladder and bowel programs.

Exposure to latex can happen when products containing rubber come in contact with a person’s skin or mucous membranes such as the mouth, eyes, genitals, bladder or rectum.

Serious reactions can also happen when latex enters the bloodstream. Some cases of severe reaction following injection of medication through latex stoppers, IV ports or syringes own been reported. In addition, the powder from balloons or gloves can absorb particles and become airborne causing reactions when breathed by a latex sensitive person. Food that has been handled by latex gloves may also cause a reaction, and people who own allergic reactions to latex may also be allergic to certain foods, including bananas, chestnuts, avocados and kiwi fruit.

Although a lot has been learned about rubber allergy in the final few years, the problem is really just beginning to be studied and understood.

Interestingly, health care workers such as nurses, doctors, and dentists, individuals born with severe bladder abnormalities, and some people who own had multiple surgical procedures are also at increased risk for rubber allergy although their risk is much lower than it is for individuals with spina bifida.

The Food and Drug istration and the Centers for Disease Control are investigating the problem of rubber allergy and current efforts are aimed at finding the component(s) of latex responsible for causing this allergy, developing methods of producing “safe”, non allergy causing rubber, and labeling products indicating natural rubber (latex) content.

Since the tale of rubber allergy is just beginning, and, without a doubt new understanding will emerge over the next several years, recommendations made now may need to be revised.

Because of the life-threatening nature of this allergy a list of current recommendations is included. Individuals with spina bifida and their families are urged to consider the following recommendations and to discuss them with members of their health care team.

All individuals with spina bifida should be considered at high risk for having an allergic reaction to rubber and should avoid contact with rubber products, particularly during medical or surgical procedures. Only non-latex gloves and catheters should be used. Alternative products, generally made of silicone, plastic or vinyl, can be safely substituted.
Individuals who own experienced allergic reactions during surgical or medical procedures should consider wearing a medic-alert bracelet or necklace, carrying auto-injectable epinephrine and sterile non-latex gloves for emergency use, and discussing latex allergy with every health care and community providers including school, day care and camp.

In addition, consultation with an allergist familiar with the problem is recommended to fully assess the risks and the possible need for preoperative treatment with special medications to suppress the potential for severe allergic reaction. Avoidance of every latex-containing items, especially in the operating room, is strongly recommended.
The following commonly encountered items may contain latex and pose a risk to the latex sensitive individual: Healthcare items which may contain latex: gloves, catheters, tourniquets, elastic bandages, ace wraps, I.V. tubing injection ports, medication vials, adhesive tape, bandaids.

Home/community items which may contain latex: balloons, pacifiers, dental dams, rubber bands, elastic in clothing, beach toys, Koosh balls, baby bottle nipples, condoms, diaphragms, diapers, art supplies.

Please note that this is only a partial list and it is strongly recommended that individuals with spina bifida and their families enquire about the composition of products used in their care.

A more finish list is available upon request from the Spina Bifida Association of America.

Catherine Shaer, M.D.,
Director Spina Bifida Program
Children’s National Medical Middle, Washington, DC

Elli Meeropol, R.N., M.S.
Clinical Nurse Specialist
Shriners Hospital
Springfield, MA

This information was provided by the Spina Bifida Association of America. You can access their web site for more information by clicking the link below.

Advice on the treatment or care of an individual patient should be obtained through consultation with a physician who has examined that patient or is familiar with that patient’s medical history.

Persons with Spina Bifida are urged to discuss their specific symptoms and situations with their personal physician.


Notice: The information provided here is for informational, educational and entertainment purposes only. It is not intended to replace, and should not be interpreted or relied upon as, medical or professional advice. Your use of this site means that you consent to the terms and conditions detailed in our disclaimer.

What triggers the allergic reaction to latex?

When people with latex allergy come into direct contact with latex, an allergic reaction may follow.

Common examples include:

  1. A medical or dental procedure conducted by health care workers wearing natural rubber latex gloves
  2. Blowing up a rubber balloon

What foods are potential problems for people with latex allergy?

If you own latex allergy you also can own food allergies. The foods most likely to cause this problem include: apple, avocado, banana, carrot, celery, chestnut, kiwi, melons, papaya, raw potato and tomato.

What Are the Symptoms of an Allergy?

An allergy occurs when the body’s immune system sees a substance as harmful and overreacts to it.

The symptoms that result are an allergic reaction. The substances that cause allergic reactions are allergens. Allergens can get into your body numerous ways to cause an allergic reaction.

  1. Your body can own allergens injected into it. This includes medicine given by needle and venom from insect stings and bites.
  2. You can inhale allergens into your nose and your lungs. Many are little enough to float through the air. Examples are pollen, home dust, mold spores, cat and dog dander and latex dust.

  3. You can ingest allergens by mouth. This includes food and medicines you eat or swallow.
  4. Your skin can absorb allergens. Plants such as poison ivy, sumac and oak can cause reactions when touched. Latex, metals, and ingredients in beauty care and household products are other examples.


What Are Eye Allergies?

Eye allergies are common. Eye allergies are a reaction to indoor and outdoor allergens that get into your eyes.The tissue that lines the inside of the eyelid and exterior of the eyeball becomes inflamed and swollen and leads to itching, redness, tearing and irritation of the eyes.


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