What are the symptoms of allergies to gluten
If coeliac disease is not treated, not being capable to digest food in the normal way could cause you to become malnourished, leading to tiredness and a lack of energy.
Malnutrition in children can result in failure to grow at the expected rate, both in terms of height and weight.
Children may also own delayed puberty.
Is there a food intolerance test?
A number of companies produce food intolerance tests, but these tests are not based on scientific evidence and are not recommended by the British Dietary Association (BDA).
The best way of diagnosing a food intolerance is to monitor your symptoms and the foods you eat.
See what happens when you cut out the suspected food for a while, and then reintroduce it into your diet.
Try keeping a food diary, noting:
- any symptoms you own after eating these foods
- what foods you eat
- when these symptoms happen
Trial elimination diet
Once you own an thought of which foods may be causing your symptoms, you can attempt excluding them from your diet 1 at a time and observing the effect this has.
Try cutting out the suspected food from your diet for 2 to 6 weeks and see if your symptoms improve.
Reintroduce the food to see if symptoms return.
You may discover you can tolerate a certain level and you only get symptoms if you own more than this amount.
Consider seeing a dietitian to make certain you’re receiving every your recommended daily nutrients while you do this trial. Discover a registered dietitian.
Never restrict your child’s diet unless this has been advised by a dietitian or your doctor.
Although not a symptom of coeliac disease, if you own an autoimmune response to gluten, you may develop a type of skin rash called dermatitis herpetiformis.
The rash is itchy and has blisters that burst when scratched.
It generally occurs on your elbows, knees and buttocks, although it can appear anywhere on your body.
It’s estimated that around 1 in 5 people with coeliac disease also develop dermatitis herpetiformis.
The exact cause of dermatitis herpetiformis is not known, but, as with coeliac disease, it’s associated with gluten. Love coeliac disease, it should clear up after switching to a gluten-free diet.
Sheet final reviewed: 3 December 2019
Next review due: 3 December 2022
A food intolerance is difficulty digesting certain foods and having an unpleasant physical reaction to them.
It causes symptoms, such as bloating and tummy pain, which generally happen a few hours after eating the food.
The number of people who believe they own a food intolerance has risen dramatically over recent years, but it’s hard to know how numerous people are truly affected. Numerous people assume they own a food intolerance when the true cause of their symptoms is something else.
Could my symptoms be something else?
If you regularly own diarrhoea, bloating, tummy pain or skin rashes but you’re not certain of the cause, see a GP.
A GP may be capable to diagnose the cause from your symptoms and medical history. If necessary, they’ll order tests, such as blood tests.
You can also do some research yourself. It may help to discover out about other conditions that cause similar symptoms. For example, discover out about:
The bowel is a sensitive organ and it’s common to own bowel symptoms when you own been ill or feel run below or stressed.
Is it a food intolerance or food allergy?
A food intolerance is not the same as a food allergy.
Here’s how to tell the difference.
A food allergy:
- is often to specific foods. Common food allergies in adults include fish and shellfish and nut allergies. Common food allergies in children include milk, eggs, fish, peanuts and other nuts
- is a reaction by your immune system (your body’s defence against infection). Your immune system mistakenly treats proteins found in food as a threat
- can trigger allergy symptoms, such as a rash, wheezing and itching, after eating just a little quantity of the food (these symptoms generally happen quickly)
- can be life-threatening
A food intolerance:
- only results in symptoms if you eat a substantial quantity of the food (unlike an allergy, where just traces can trigger a reaction)
- does not involve your immune system – there is no allergic reaction, and it is never life-threatening
- causes symptoms that happen gradually, often a few hours after eating the problem food
- can be caused by numerous diverse foods
Find out more about diagnosis of food allergies.
What are the symptoms of food intolerance?
In general, people who own a food intolerance tend to experience:
These symptoms generally happen a few hours after eating the food.
It can be hard to know whether you own a food intolerance as these are general symptoms that are typical of numerous other conditions.
Diarrhoea is the most common symptom of coeliac disease.
It’s caused by the body not being capable to fully absorb nutrients (malabsorption, see below).
Malabsorption can also lead to stools (poo) containing abnormally high levels of fat (steatorrhoea). This can make them foul smelling, greasy and frothy. They may also be hard to flush below the toilet.
Other common gut-related symptoms include:
And more general symptoms may include: