What are the symptoms of allergies in toddlers
Common allergens include pollen, animal dander and mold.
Eye allergies also can be caused by reactions to certain cosmetics or eye drops, including artificial tears used for treating dry eyes that contain preservatives.
Food allergies and allergic reactions to bee stings or other insect bites typically do not affect the eyes as severely as airborne allergens do.
Eye allergy relief
To get relief from your eye allergies and itchy, watery eyes, you can take a few approaches:
Use eye drops
Because eye allergies are so common, there are numerous brands of non-prescription eye drops available that are formulated to relieve itchiness, redness and watery eyes caused by allergies.
If your eye allergy symptoms are relatively mild, non-prescription eye drops for allergy relief may work extremely well for you and may be less expensive than prescription eye drops or other medication.
Enquire your eye doctor to recommend a brand to try.
Ask about prescription medications
If your allergy symptoms are relatively severe or over-the-counter eye drops are ineffective at providing relief, you may need your eye doctor to prescribe a stronger medication.
Prescription eye drops and oral medications used to relieve eye allergies include:
Remove your contacts
Because the surface of contact lenses can attract and accumulate airborne allergens, consider wearing glasses instead of contacts during allergy season.
Or consider switching to daily disposable contacts that you discard after a single use to avoid the buildup of allergens and other debris on your lenses.
Often, the best choice if allergies are bothering your eyes is to discontinue wearing contacts altogether — at least until every your allergy symptoms are gone.
Also, wearing eyeglasses with photochromic lenses can reduce allergy-related sensitivity to light and can assist shield your eyes from airborne allergens.
The best approach to controlling your eye allergy symptoms is to do everything you can to limit your exposure to common allergens that you know you are sensitive to.
For example, on days when the pollen count is high, stay indoors as much as possible, with the air conditioner running to filter the air. Use high quality furnace filters that can trap common allergens and replace the filters frequently.
When you do go outdoors during allergy season, wear wraparound sunglasses to assist shield your eyes from pollen, ragweed, etc., and drive with your windows closed.
Part of the body's natural allergic response is the release of histamine, a substance that dilates blood vessels and making the walls of blood vessels abnormally permeable.
Symptoms caused by histamine include a runny nose and itchy, watery eyes.
Antihistamines reduce allergic reactions by blocking the attachment of histamine to cells in the body that produce an allergic response.
Main allergy symptoms
Common symptoms of an allergic reaction include:
- a raised, itchy, red rash (hives)
- wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath and a cough
- swollen lips, tongue, eyes or face
- sneezing and an itchy, runny or blocked nose (allergic rhinitis)
- itchy, red, watering eyes (conjunctivitis)
- tummy pain, feeling ill, vomiting or diarrhoea
- dry, red and cracked skin
The symptoms vary depending on what you’re allergic to and how you come into contact with it.
For example, you may have a runny nose if exposed to pollen, develop a rash if you own a skin allergy, or feel sick if you eat something you’re allergic to.
See your GP if you or your kid might own had an allergic reaction to something. They can assist determine whether the symptoms are caused by an allergy or another condition.
Read more about diagnosing allergies.
Severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis)
In rare cases, an allergy can lead to a severe allergic reaction, called anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock, which can be life threatening.
This affects the whole body and usually develops within minutes of exposure to something you’re allergic to.
Signs of anaphylaxis include any of the symptoms above, as well as:
Anaphylaxis is a medical emergency that requires immediate treatment.
Read more about anaphylaxis for information about what to do if it occurs.
Sheet final reviewed: 22 November
Next review due: 22 November
No parent wants to see their kid suffer.
Any kid can develop allergies, but they are more common in children from families with a history of allergies. Since it’s impossible for parents to control absolutely everything that their kid is exposed to or eats, parents should instead focus on monitoring their kid for symptoms.
Early identification of childhood allergies will improve your child’s quality of life, reduce the number of missed school days and assist you avoid having to use ill time or vacation days to care for your kid.
If your son or daughter is struggling, take control of the situation and consult an allergist today.
Early identification of childhood allergies will improve your child’s quality of life, reduce the number of missed school days and assist you avoid having to use ill time or vacation days to care for your child.
Allergies are the most common cause of chronic nasal congestion (a stuffy nose) in children. Sometimes a child’s nose is congested to the point that he or she breathes through the mouth, especially while sleeping.
This may also cause the kid to not get a restful night’s sleep and then be tired the next day. If the congestion and mouth-breathing are left untreated, they can affect the growth of teeth and the bones of the face. Early treatment of the allergies causing the nasal congestion may prevent these problems.
Allergic rhinitis (hay fever)
Allergic rhinitis is the most common childhood ailment caused by allergies. Symptoms include a runny and itchy nose, sneezing, postnasal drip and nasal congestion (blockage). A kid with allergies may also own itchy, watery, red eyes and chronic ear problems. Even though it’s commonly known as “hay fever,” allergic rhinitis isn’t triggered by hay and doesn’t cause fever.
Allergies lead to inflammation in the ear and may cause fluid accumulation that can promote ear infections and decreased hearing.
A baby whose hearing is impaired for any reason while learning to talk may develop poor lecture. Allergies can cause earaches as well as ear itching, popping and fullness (“stopped-up ears”).
Anyone with these symptoms should see an allergist for possible testing and treatment.
Allergy Symptoms in Children
- Difficulty breathing (asthma)
- Sneezing, coughing, a runny nose or itchy eyes
- Skin rashes or hives (atopic dermatitis or eczema)
- Stomach upset
Common Allergy triggers in Children
- Indoors: pet or animal hair or fur, dust mites, mold
- Irritants: cigarette smoke, perfume, car exhaust
- Outdoors: tree pollen, plant pollen, insect bites or stings
- Foods: peanuts, eggs, milk and milk products
If you suspect your kid has an allergy, make an appointment to see an allergist.
Start a diary before the appointment and hold track of what symptoms your kid experiences and what you ponder causes them.
As numerous as 6 million children in the United States own some form of food allergy.
If a new mom is breast-feeding, some especially sensitive babies can own allergic reactions to foods their mothers eat.
Babies can be tested for allergies. Eliminating these foods from the mother’s diet may provide relief for the child.
The most common allergies in children are to peanuts and milk; other frequently seen triggers include eggs, fish, shellfish (crab, lobster, crayfish and shrimp), soy, tree nuts (for example, pecans, cashews and walnuts) and wheat. The most severe reactions are typically to peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shellfish — every allergies that can final a lifetime.
Children often outgrow allergies to milk, eggs, soy and wheat.
All parents of a kid with a food allergy should be aware of the possibility of anaphylaxis — a potentially life-threatening reaction that impairs breathing, causes a sudden drop in blood pressure and can send a body into shock. For that reason, most children with food allergies are prescribed epinephrine (adrenaline), istered with an auto-injector as soon as symptoms develop.
Allergies and school
Your child’s school should be informed of any allergies.
If your kid has asthma or a severe allergy, give a copy of your child’s action plan to the school nurse or the istrative office. Also, discuss your child’s access to medication, including epinephrine (adrenaline), in case of an emergency.
- Asthma and physical education: Physical education and sports are a large part of the school day for numerous children. Having asthma does not mean eliminating these activities. Children with asthma and other allergic diseases should be capable to participate in any sport the kid chooses, provided the doctor’s advice is followed. Asthma symptoms during exercise may indicate poor control, so be certain that your kid is taking controller asthma medications on a regular basis.
Often medication istered by an inhaler is prescribed before exercise to control symptoms.
- School pets: Furry animals in school may cause problems for allergic children. If your kid has allergy or asthma symptoms while at school including coughing, difficulty breathing, a rash, runny nose or sneezing, it could be the class pet.
- Dust irritation: At school, children with allergic problems may need to sit away from the blackboard to avoid irritation from chalk dust.
Do you suspect your kid has an allergy?
The symptoms could be a sign of a serious issue. Don’t delay: Discover an allergist today.
Eye allergies: Get relief from itchy, watery eyes
By Gary Heiting, OD
Eye allergies — red, itchy, watery eyes that are bothered by the same irritants that cause sneezing and a runny nose among seasonal allergy sufferers — are extremely common.
In addition to having symptoms of sneezing, congestion and a runny nose, most of these allergy sufferers also experience itchy eyes, watery eyes, red eyes and swollen eyelids.
In some cases, eye allergies also can frolic a role in conjunctivitis (pink eye) and other eye infections.
If you ponder you own eye allergies, here are a few things you should know — including helpful tips on how to get relief from your red, itchy, watery eyes.