What are signs of food allergies in toddlers

What to Know

  1. Eggs
  2. Fish
  3. Tree Nuts (walnuts, pecans, almonds, cashews, pistachios)
  4. Peanuts
  5. Understand the difference between food allergies and food intolerances
  6. Soy
  7. Milk
  8. Recognize food allergy symptoms
  9. Wheat
  10. Crustacean Shellfish (shrimp, crab and lobster)

Educating yourself in what to glance for and how to handle a child’s allergic reaction is key to easing anxiety around this topic. You will soon feel empowered and prepared to react, if need be.

An allergic reaction to food occurs when the body’s immune system misinterprets or overreacts to a protein in food, identifying it as harmful or dangerous and triggering a protective response.

Any food has the potential to cause an allergic response and so far, over 160 foods own been identified!

What are signs of food allergies in toddlers

However, only these eight foods account for about 90% of every reactions:

  • Crustacean Shellfish (shrimp, crab and lobster)
  • Cramping
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea
  • Fish
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Sneezing, stuffy or runny nose
  • Repetitive coughing or wheezing
  • Hives (red spots that glance love mosquito bites)
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Pale skin
  • Soy
  • Peanuts
  • Milk
  • Vomiting
  • Swelling to the lips and face
  • Tree Nuts (walnuts, pecans, almonds, cashews, pistachios)
  • Wheat
  • Light-headedness
  • Throat tightness
  • Itchy skin rashes (eczema, also called atopic dermatitis)
  • Eggs
  • Anaphylaxis, which requires immediate medical treatment.

    Anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction that can happen within seconds to minutes of exposure to an offending allergen. It can, among other things, cause a sudden drop in blood pressure and impair breathing. If your kid has known allergies, make certain you speak to your physician or allergist to get an emergency plan in put so that you are always prepared.

Also be aware that certain seeds, including sesame and mustard seeds, are common food allergy triggers and are considered major allergens in other countries.

How do you know if your kid has a food allergy?

Symptoms of an allergic reaction may involve the skin, the digestive system, the cardiovascular system, and/or the respiratory tract and can vary from person to person, and from incident to incident. It’s significant to know that a mild reaction can happen on one occasion and a severe reaction to the same food may happen on a subsequent occasion. This range of reactions may include:

  1. Repetitive coughing or wheezing
  2. Loss of consciousness
  3. Vomiting
  4. Nausea
  5. Sneezing, stuffy or runny nose
  6. Diarrhea
  7. Difficulty breathing
  8. Throat tightness
  9. Light-headedness
  10. Swelling to the lips and face
  11. Pale skin
  12. Itchy skin rashes (eczema, also called atopic dermatitis)
  13. Hives (red spots that glance love mosquito bites)
  14. Cramping
  15. Anaphylaxis, which requires immediate medical treatment.

    Anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction that can happen within seconds to minutes of exposure to an offending allergen. It can, among other things, cause a sudden drop in blood pressure and impair breathing. If your kid has known allergies, make certain you speak to your physician or allergist to get an emergency plan in put so that you are always prepared.

Know that food allergies and food intolerances are NOT the same.

What are signs of food allergies in toddlers

Unlike food allergies, food intolerances do not involve the immune system and are not life-threatening. Instead, they represent a lack of a specific digestive enzyme that is required for a certain food. While intolerances are more likely to be transient than allergies, their symptoms can be more variable.

What are signs of food allergies in toddlers

Sometimes the symptoms of an intolerance and of a true allergy can overlap (lactose intolerance and milk allergy being a perfect example – often confused but not one in the same), making a diagnosis more hard and motherhood more fraught. If you suspect your kid has a food intolerance, speak with your physician, and talk with a Happy Family Coach to get an individualized diet plan in place.

Also be aware that certain seeds, including sesame and mustard seeds, are common food allergy triggers and are considered major allergens in other countries.

How do you know if your kid has a food allergy?

Symptoms of an allergic reaction may involve the skin, the digestive system, the cardiovascular system, and/or the respiratory tract and can vary from person to person, and from incident to incident. It’s significant to know that a mild reaction can happen on one occasion and a severe reaction to the same food may happen on a subsequent occasion. This range of reactions may include:

  1. Repetitive coughing or wheezing
  2. Loss of consciousness
  3. Vomiting
  4. Nausea
  5. Sneezing, stuffy or runny nose
  6. Diarrhea
  7. Difficulty breathing
  8. Throat tightness
  9. Light-headedness
  10. Swelling to the lips and face
  11. Pale skin
  12. Itchy skin rashes (eczema, also called atopic dermatitis)
  13. Hives (red spots that glance love mosquito bites)
  14. Cramping
  15. Anaphylaxis, which requires immediate medical treatment.

    Anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life-threatening allergic reaction that can happen within seconds to minutes of exposure to an offending allergen. It can, among other things, cause a sudden drop in blood pressure and impair breathing. If your kid has known allergies, make certain you speak to your physician or allergist to get an emergency plan in put so that you are always prepared.

Know that food allergies and food intolerances are NOT the same.

What are signs of food allergies in toddlers

Unlike food allergies, food intolerances do not involve the immune system and are not life-threatening. Instead, they represent a lack of a specific digestive enzyme that is required for a certain food.

What are signs of food allergies in toddlers

While intolerances are more likely to be transient than allergies, their symptoms can be more variable. Sometimes the symptoms of an intolerance and of a true allergy can overlap (lactose intolerance and milk allergy being a perfect example – often confused but not one in the same), making a diagnosis more hard and motherhood more fraught. If you suspect your kid has a food intolerance, speak with your physician, and talk with a Happy Family Coach to get an individualized diet plan in place.


How will I know if my kid has a food allergy?

An allergic reaction can consist of 1 or more of the following:

  1. wheezing and shortness of breath
  2. runny or blocked nose
  3. itchy skin or rash
  4. itchy throat and tongue
  5. a cough
  6. swollen lips and throat
  7. diarrhoea or vomiting
  8. sore, red and itchy eyes

In a few cases, foods can cause a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) that can be life-threatening.

Get medical advice if you ponder your kid is having an allergic reaction to a specific food.

Don’t be tempted to experiment by cutting out a major food, such as milk, because this could lead to your kid not getting the nutrients they need.

What are signs of food allergies in toddlers

Talk to your health visitor or GP, who may refer you to a registered dietitian.


Introducing foods that could trigger allergy

When you start introducing solid foods to your baby from around 6 months ancient, introduce the foods that can trigger allergic reactions one at a time and in extremely little amounts so that you can spot any reaction.

These foods are:

  1. foods that contain gluten, including wheat, barley and rye
  2. shellfish (don’t serve raw or lightly cooked)
  3. seeds (serve them crushed or ground)
  4. nuts and peanuts (serve them crushed or ground)
  5. eggs (eggs without a red lion stamp should not be eaten raw or lightly cooked)
  6. soya
  7. cows’ milk
  8. fish

See more about foods to avoid giving babies and young children.

These foods can be introduced from around 6 months as part of your baby’s diet, just love any other foods.

Once introduced and if tolerated, these foods should become part of your baby’s usual diet to minimise the risk of allergy.

Evidence has shown that delaying the introduction of peanut and hen’s eggs beyond 6 to 12 months may increase the risk of developing an allergy to these foods.

Lots of children outgrow their allergies to milk or eggs, but a peanut allergy is generally lifelong.

If your kid has a food allergy, read food labels carefully.

Avoid foods if you are not certain whether they contain the food your kid is allergic to.


Food additives and children

Food contains additives for numerous reasons, such as to preserve it, to help make it safe to eat for longer, and to give colour or texture.

All food additives go through strict safety testing before they can be used. Food labelling must clearly show additives in the list of ingredients, including their name or «E» number and their function, such as «colour» or «preservative».

A few people own adverse reactions to some food additives, love sulphites, but reactions to ordinary foods, such as milk or soya, are much more common.

Read more about food colours and hyperactivity.

Further information

Sheet final reviewed: 24 July 2018
Next review due: 24 July 2021

If you ponder your kid is having an allergic reaction to a food, seek medical advice urgently as symptoms can worsen rapidly.

If breathing is affected, call triple zero (000) and enquire for an ambulance.


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Exclusive breastfeeding or first baby formula is recommended for around the first 6 months of life.

If your baby has a cow’s milk allergy and is not being breastfed, talk to your GP about what helpful of formula to give your baby.

Pregnant or breastfeeding women don’t need to avoid foods that can trigger allergic reactions (including peanuts), unless you’re allergic to them.

If your baby already has an allergy such as a diagnosed food allergy or eczema, or if you own a family history of food allergies, eczema, asthma or hay-fever, you may need to be particularly careful when introducing foods, so talk to your GP or health visitor first.


What to Do

Avoid any known food allergies

Thoroughly read food labels and ingredient list of products, avoid products inadequately label or that you suspect may contain an allergen your kid should avoid

Familiarize yourself with the signs and symptoms of an allergic reaction

Keep a food log

If you own a mother’s “sixth sense” that your baby or kid may be exhibiting signs and symptoms of an intolerance or allergy, start keeping a food log that includes the food(s), beverage(s), time and date of consumption, and any other exterior factors (like a new school or daycare, change of laundry detergent, soap, lotion, or other household products, smoke exposure etc.) that could be significant in explaining the reaction.

Be prepared to combat exposure to an allergen

If you or your kid has already been diagnosed with a food allergy, hold antihistamine and epinephrine (if prescribed by your physician) with you (or with your kid if she is away from you) at every times.

What are signs of food allergies in toddlers

Speak with your pediatrician or allergist to own a plan of action in put should exposure to an allergen occur.

Consult your child’s doctor for support

If you suspect a food intolerance. If any signs or symptoms of a food allergy happen, consult with your child’s doctor for evaluation as soon as possible. And if your baby experiences any severe reactions (like difficulty breathing, swelling, severe vomiting or diarrhea), call 911 immediately.

Sources

Abrams, E.M., Becker A.B. Food introduction and allergy prevention in infants CMAJ. 2015 Nov 17; 187(17): 1297–1301.



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