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See your GP if you ponder you or your kid may own asthma.
Several conditions can cause similar symptoms, so it’s significant to get a proper diagnosis and correct treatment.
Your GP will generally be capable to diagnose asthma by asking about symptoms and carrying out some simple tests.
Find out more about how asthma is diagnosed
How long does it last?
Asthma is a long-term condition for numerous people, particularly if it first develops when you’re an adult.
In children, it sometimes disappears or improves during the teenage years, but can come back later in life.
The symptoms can generally be controlled with treatment.
Most people will own normal, athletic lives, although some with more severe asthma may have ongoing problems.
Treatments for asthma
Asthma is generally treated by using an inhaler, a little device that lets you breathe in medicines.
The main types are:
- reliever inhalers – used when needed to quickly relieve asthma symptoms for a short time
- preventer inhalers – used every day to prevent asthma symptoms occurring
Some people also need to take tablets.
Causes and triggers
Asthma is caused by swelling (inflammation) of the breathing tubes that carry air in and out of the lungs.
This makes the tubes highly sensitive, so they temporarily narrow.
It may happen randomly or after exposure to a trigger.
Common asthma triggers include:
- allergies (to home dust mites, animal fur or pollen, for example)
- smoke, pollution and freezing air
- infections love colds or flu
Identifying and avoiding your asthma triggers can assist you hold your symptoms under control.
Symptoms of asthma
The main symptoms of asthma are:
- a tight chest, which may feel love a band is tightening around it
- a whistling sound when breathing (wheezing)
The symptoms can sometimes get temporarily worse.
This is known as an asthma attack.
Although asthma can normally be kept under control, it’s still a serious condition that can cause a number of problems.
This is why it’s so significant to follow your treatment plan and not ignore your symptoms if they’re getting worse.
Badly controlled asthma can cause problems such as:
- lung infections (pneumonia)
- feeling tired every the time
- stress, anxiety or depression
- disruption of your work and leisure because of unplanned visits to a GP or hospital
- underperformance at, or absence from, work or school
- delays in growth or puberty in children
There’s also a risk of severe asthma attacks, which can be life threatening.
Media final reviewed: 14 May 2018
Media review due: 9 May 2021
Sheet final reviewed: 19 February 2018
Next review due: 19 February 2021