Allergy itchy eyes what to do
There’s currently no cure for hay fever and you cannot prevent it.
But you can do things to ease your symptoms when the pollen count is high.
- wear wraparound sunglasses to stop pollen getting into your eyes
- put Vaseline around your nostrils to trap pollen
- hold windows and doors shut as much as possible
- shower and change your clothes after you own been exterior to wash pollen off
- stay indoors whenever possible
- vacuum regularly and dust with a damp cloth
- purchase a pollen filter for the air vents in your car and a vacuum cleaner with a special HEPA filter
- do not spend too much time exterior
- do not cut grass or stroll on grass
- do not smoke or be around smoke – it makes your symptoms worse
- do not hold unused flowers in the home
- do not dry clothes exterior – they can catch pollen
- do not let pets into the home if possible – they can carry pollen indoors
Allergy UK has more tips on managing hay fever.
What’s your allergy?
Birch: Second week of March to first week of June (peaks final week of March to mid-May).
Plane: Mid-March to mid-May (peaks final week of April to second week in May).
Oilseed rape: Last week in March to mid-July (peaks mid-May to finish of June).
Oak: First week of April to mid-June (peaks finish of April to first week in June).
Grass: First week of May to second week of September (peaks first week in June to final week in July).
Nettle: Beginning of May to finish of September (peaks final week of June to first week in August).
Mould: Early autumn and tardy spring.
Symptoms are worse inside than outside.
Dust: All year, but especially notable in winter when the central heating is turned on. Symptoms are worse indoors.
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Are You Allergic to Your Pet? Breathe Easy—You Can Still Hold Your Animal Companion!
Although numerous people own discovered the beneficial effects of caring for a furry friend, the fact remains that roughly 15 to 20% of the population is allergic to animals. The result? Countless pet parents in unhappy, unhealthy situations—and their beloved pets are the cause! Allergen is the medical term for the actual substance that causes an allergic reaction. Touching or inhaling allergens leads to reactions in allergic individuals.
Symptoms can include red, itchy, watery eyes and nose; sneezing; coughing; scratchy or sore throat; itchy skin, and most serious of every, difficulty breathing.
The most common pet allergens are proteins found in their dander (scales of ancient skin that are constantly shed by an animal), saliva, urine and sebaceous cells. Any animal can trigger an allergic response, but cats are the most common culprits. People can also become allergic to exotic pets such as ferrets, guinea pigs, birds, rabbits and rodents.
There is no species or breed to which humans cannot develop allergies. Fur length and type will not affect or prevent allergies. Certain pets can be less irritating than others to those who suffer from allergies, but that is strictly on an individual basis and cannot be predicted.
Once the diagnosis of a pet allergy is made, a physician will often recommend eliminating the companion animal from the surroundings.
Heartbreaking? Yes. Absolutely necessary? Not always. Hold in mind that most people are allergic to several things besides pets, such as dust mites, molds and pollens, every of which can be found in the home. Allergic symptoms result from the entire cumulative allergen load. That means that if you eliminate some of the other allergens, you may not own to get rid of your pet. (Conversely, should you decide to remove your pet from your home, this may not immediately solve your problems.) You must also be prepared to invest the time and effort needed to decontaminate your home environment, limit future exposure to allergens and discover a physician who will work with you.
Read on for helpful tips:
Improving the Immediate Environment
- Vacuum frequently using a vacuum equipped with a HEPA (high-efficiency particulate arresting) filter or a disposable electrostatic bag. Other kinds of bags will permit allergens to blow back out of the vacuum.
- Create an allergen-free room. A bedroom is often the best and most practical choice. By preventing your pet from entering this room, you can ensure at least eight hours of liberty from allergens every night.
It’s a excellent thought to use hypoallergenic bedding and pillow materials.
- Use anti-allergen room sprays. These sprays deactivate allergens, rendering them harmless. Enquire your allergist for a product recommendation.
- Install an air purifier fitted with a HEPA filter. Our modern, energy-efficient homes lock in air that is loaded with allergens, so it’s brilliant to let in some unused air daily.
- Clean the litter box frequently. Use low-dust, perfume-free filler. Clumping litter is a excellent choice.
- Limit fabrics. Allergens collect in rugs, drapes and upholstery, so do your best to limit or eliminate them from your home. If you select to hold some fabrics, steam-clean them regularly. Cotton-covered furniture is the smartest choice, and washable blinds or shades make excellent window treatments. You can also cover your furniture with sheets or blankets which you can remove and wash regularly.
- Dust regularly. Wiping below the walls will also cut below on allergens.
- Invest in washable pet bedding and cages that can be cleaned often and easily.
Decontaminating Your Pet
- Bathe your pet at least once a week. Your veterinarian can recommend a shampoo that won’t dry out his skin.
Bathing works to wash off the allergens that accumulate in an animal’s fur.
- Wipe your pet with a product formulated to prevent dander from building up and flaking off into the environment. Enquire your veterinarian to propose one that is safe to use on animals who groom themselves.
- Note any symptoms of dermatitis exhibited by your companion animal. Dermatitis often leads to accelerated skin and fur shedding, which will up your allergen exposure.
- Brush or comb your pet frequently. It’s best to do this outdoors, if possible.
(The ASPCA does not recommend keeping cats outdoors, so make certain your feline is leashed if you take him outside.)
Taking Care of Yourself
- If possible, own someone other than yourself do the housecleaning, litter box work and pet washing, wiping and brushing. If you must clean the home or change the litter, be certain to wear a dust mask.
- Wash your hands after handling your companion animal and before touching your face. The areas around your nose and eyes are particularly sensitive to allergens.
- Designate a “pet outfit” from among your most easily washed clothes.
Wear it when playing or cuddling with your companion, and you’ll leave other clothing uncontaminated.
- Find a physician, preferably an allergy specialist, who will make certain that your pet is the cause of your allergies and will assist alleviate your symptoms. Medications and immunotherapy (desensitizing shots) can often permit you and your companion animal to remain together happily ever after.
Symptoms of an allergic reaction usually develop within a few minutes of being exposed to something you’re allergic to, although occasionally they can develop gradually over a few hours.
Although allergic reactions can be a nuisance and hamper your normal activities, most are mild.
Very occasionally, a severe reaction called anaphylaxis can occur.
Check if you own hay fever
Symptoms of hay fever include:
- itchy, red or watery eyes
- sneezing and coughing
- pain around your temples and forehead
- itchy throat, mouth, nose and ears
- loss of smell
- a runny or blocked nose
- feeling tired
If you own asthma, you might also:
- have a tight feeling in your chest
- be short of breath
- wheeze and cough
Hay fever will final for weeks or months, unlike a freezing, which generally goes away after 1 to 2 weeks.
Treatments for hay fever from a GP
Your GP might prescribe steroids.
If steroids and other hay fever treatments do not work, your GP may refer you for immunotherapy.
This means you’ll be given little amounts of pollen as an injection or tablet to slowly build up your immunity to pollen.
This helpful of treatment generally starts in the winter about 3 months before the hay fever season begins.
What causes hay fever
Hay fever is an allergic reaction to pollen, typically when it comes into contact with your mouth, nose, eyes and throat. Pollen is a fine powder from plants.
Check the pollen forecast
Media final reviewed: 21 April 2017
Media review due: 21 April 2020
Sheet final reviewed: 21 December 2017
Next review due: 21 December 2020
The clocks own gone forward, the evenings are growing lighter and across the land, GP surgeries are bracing themselves for an influx of sneezing, snivelling patients begging for assist with their hay fever.
About one in four Britons, or 16 million people, are now affected by allergic rhinitis – to give hay fever its official name – compared with just one in eight in the early 1980s. A century ago, the illness was almost unheard of.
No one is certain about the reasons behind this astronomic rise, but the majority of immunologists point the finger at the hygiene hypothesis: the theory that our ultra-clean homes own left numerous immune systems less capable to tolerate irritants.
Yet despite – or maybe because of – hay fever being so widespread, numerous people are ignorant of fairly how debilitating it can be. “Family members, GPs, even patients themselves can dismiss hay fever as just a bit of sneezing, but for about 10% of sufferers it causes abject misery,” says Professor Stephen Durham of the Royal Brompton allergy clinic in London. “It worst affects young, athletic people at work and school: studies show it can increase by 70% the chance of their summer exam grade being worse than their previous, out-of-season mock test results.”
But young people aren’t the only ones suffering: studies show that increasing numbers of adults in their 30s, 40s and 50s are developing hay fever.
Half a million new “middle-aged” cases are predicted in the next decade, according to the National Pollen and Aerobiology Research Unit. Of these, numerous never even suspect an allergy, instead believing they are suffering from a permanent freezing. Dr Adrian Morris, the director of the Surrey Allergy Clinic, says: “Many go to the GP complaining of sinus problems and finish up on antibiotics, when they really own hay fever and need antihistamines and nasal sprays.”
Others, warns Amena Warner, a nurse adviser at Allergy UK, treat their stuffiness with over-the-counter decongestants, which, used long-term, leave the nasal lining even more inflamed and susceptible to problems.
“You need a correct diagnosis so you can properly treat the problem,” she says.
There are also numerous people convinced that they own hay fever when in fact they are suffering from a diverse allergy. “Hay fever is a stupid name, really,” says Durham. “It is an allergy to grass, not hay, and it doesn’t produce a fever.”
If you are sneezing and own itchy eyes before the grass pollen season starts in June, you may own an allergy to birch pollen, which is increasingly common.
Other trees and plants that spark allergies at diverse times of year include plane, oilseed rape, oak and nettle. If your nose becomes runny in early spring or autumn, it could be the result of a mould allergy. If the sniffing continues every year circular, you might own an allergy to dust mites, mould or pets. “You may be attributing your sneezing to pollen, when in fact it is because you are sitting next to someone in the office who has a cat,” says Morris. What it is not so likely to be is a food allergy: these affect only 3% of the population, although 30% believe they own one.
Those in doubt should be referred to an allergy clinic, where tests, involving pricking your skin with tiny amounts of allergens to check for reactions, can be carried out.
But waiting lists are often months long: Allergy UK points out that there are only 30 allergy specialists in the UK, one for every 700,000 sufferers.
And testing doesn’t always provide answers, as I discovered myself. After years of a permanent runny nose, blocked ears and volcanic sneezes, my GP finally referred me to a clinic. My skin-prick tests every showed negative and I learned I was suffering from non-allergic rhinitis, meaning I own every the symptoms of hay fever, but no identifiable allergy.
I’m far from alone: one Norwegian study estimated that as numerous as 25% of the population suffers from this condition, which can make life every bit as miserable as for those with a known allergy.
Experts generally link the condition to changes in temperature or hormones, or sensitivity to environmental factors such as car exhaust, perfume or detergent.
But to make matters even more confusing, current research indicates that as numerous as 50% of those with non-allergic rhinitis may actually own an allergy after every, but one that skin-prick tests can’t identify. Until new, more sensitive tests appear, millions of us may remain in the dark.
And without knowing exactly what our allergy is, tackling symptoms can be hard. Most allergic rhinitis symptoms can be controlled with over-the-counter antihistamines such as loratadine that, unlike first-generation pills, don’t make you drowsy. Non-allergic rhinitis sufferers, however, are better off with a nasal spray such as Beconase.
Humidifiers, such as Dyson’s latest device that mists the room with ultraviolet-treated, bacteria-free water, can hugely relieve stuffy noses and sore throats.
Conversely, they can produce ideal breeding conditions for dust mites and mould. Similarly, drying sheets in sunshine helps those allergic to dust mites, but is a bad thought for people with hay fever as it coats bed linen in pollen.
It is crucial, then, to know exactly what your enemy is. “It is extremely simple to misdiagnose allergies – especially with the assist of Dr – and therefore for severe cases, it is a excellent thought to get a referral to an NHS allergy clinic,” says Durham.
But with those lengthy waiting lists, in the meantime remember to stock up with tissues.
A pharmacist can assist with hay fever
Speak to your pharmacist if you own hay fever.
They can give advice and propose the best treatments, love antihistamine drops, tablets or nasal sprays to assist with:
- itchy and watery eyes and sneezing
- a blocked nose
Find a pharmacy
Non-urgent advice: See a GP if:
- your symptoms are getting worse
- your symptoms do not improve after taking medicines from the pharmacy